Common vetch Vicia sativa L. response to gibberellic acid application (GA3), supplementary irrigation and its water stress critical stages

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2011
Views (367) Download (7)

Common vetch Vicia sativa L. response to gibberellic acid application (GA3), supplementary irrigation and its water stress critical stages

Caser Ghaafar Abdel, Iqbal Murad Thahir Al-Rawi
Int. J. Biosci.1( 3), 29-38, June 2011.
Certificate: IJB 2011 [Generate Certificate]


Physiological responses to gibberellic acid, irrigation and water stress were investigated in common vetch. It was observed that supplementary irrigation (75 % of soil available capacity) resulted in significant reductions in plant height (20.5%), plant length (15.3%), number of node on main stem (11%), leaflet/leaf (8.5%), weight of 1000 seeds (28%), biomass (65.9%) and seed yield (43.6%), as compared to 25% level of watering. Regression analysis manifested that Vetch yield linearly responded to irrigation levels. Vetch plants treated with 200mg/L GA3 resulted in significant increases in biomass (37.2%), pod number per plant (43%) and seed yield (32%), as compared to untreated. Moreover, 100 mg/l GA3 highly exceeded in node number on main stem (8.2%), biomass (7.1%) and seed yield (11.6%). Regression analysis revealed that vetch yield was linearly related to irrigation levels. Vetch plant treated with 200 mg/l GA3 grown under 25% level gave the highest plant height (49.33 cm), first fruiting node (12.33), biomass yield (672.67 g.m-2),and seed yield (142.33 g.m-2). However the lowest values were confined to untreated with 75% level watering in seed yield (79.33g.m-2). It was also found that withholding complementary watering during the pod swelling and seed fillings resulted in profound reductions in weight of 1000 seeds (5.2%), biomass yield.m-2 (26.8 g) and seed yield per m-2 (23%). However, first fruiting node (33.3%) and pod number per plant (25.7%) were significantly increased, as compared to continuous watering.


Abdel CG. 1982. Drought resistance in (Vicia faba L.): A study of four cultivars. Msc Thesis, Bath University, England, UK.

Abdel CG. 1993. Effect of complementally watering on growth stages and yield of field bean (Vicia faba L.). Mesopotamia J. of Agric. Sci. 25 (3), 5-10.

Abdel CG. 1997. Physiological studies on growth, flowering, fruit setting and yield of faba bean (Vicia faba L.). PhD Thesis, Mosul University, Mosul, Iraq.

Abdel CG. 2009. Stomata behavior of three irrigated and non-irrigated onion (Alium cepa L.), cultivars grown on polyethylene mulched soils. J. Dohuk Univ. for Agric &Vet. 12 (2), 1-11.

Abdel CG, Al-Salem MSSD. 2010. Influence of three irrigation levels on growth, stomata behavior and yield of cowpea (Vigna unguiculata L. Walp, cv. Ramshorn) produced by three varying seed companies. Tikrit J. of Agric. Sci. 10 (2), 14.

Ahmed AM, Radi AF, Shaddad MA, EI-Tayeb MA. 1989. Effects of phytohormones on carbohydrate and nitrogen metabolism of some drought stressed crop plants. Journal of Islamic Academy of Sciences 2(2), 93-99.

Bejaoui M. 1985. Interactions between NaCI and some phytohormones on soybean growth. J. Plant Physiol. 120, 95-110.

Bensen RJ, Beall FD, Mullet JE. 1990. Detection of endogenous gibberellins and their relationship to hypocotyl elongation in soybean seedlings. Plant Physiol. 94, 77-84.

Bouquin T, Meier C, Foster R, Nielsen ME, Mundy J. 2001. Control of specific gene expression by gibberellin and brassinosteroid. Plant Physiol. 127, 450–458.

Bull   B,    Mayfield   A.    1992.   ‘Growing   Vetch’. (Boldimages; Cowandilla, S. Aust.).

Chaielewski FM, Kohn W. 1999. The long term agro meteorological field experiment at Berlin, Dahlem, Agronomy Agric. And Forest Meteorology 96, 39- 48.

Chapman GP, Peat WE. 1978. Procurement of yield of field and broad bean. Outlook in Agric. 2, 262– 272.

Dhumale DN, Mishra SN. 1979. Character association between forage yield and its components in oats. Indian J. Agric. Sci. 49 (12), 918-924.

Droushiotis DN. 1985. Effect of variety and harvesting stage on forage production of vetch in rainfall environment. Field Crop Res. 10, 49-55.

El-Far IA. 1994. Responses of faba bean (Vicia faba L.) to irrigation regime and depth of sowing. Assiut J. Agric. 25 (5), 21-32.

Gurmani ZA, Zahid MS, Bashir M. 2006. Performance of vetch, vicia sativa cultivars for fodder production under rain fed conditions of pothwar region. Agric. Res. 44 (4), 291-298.

Hedden P, Thomas SG. 2006. Plant Hormone Signaling. Blackwell Publishing Ltd. 155-174.

Hosoki  T,  Tsuchihashi  Y,  Asahira  T.  1987. Difference in drought resistance in melons of different ecotypes II. Physiological differences. J. Japan Soc. Hort. Sci. 56, 306-312.

Hubick KT, Farquhar GD, Shorter R. 1986. Correlation between water use efficiency and carbon isotope discrimination in diverse peanut (Arachis) germplasm. Aust. J. Plant Physiol. 13, 803-816.

Hughes HD, Heath ME, Metcalfe DS. 1969. Forages. The lowa State University Press, Ames, lowa, USA. p707.

Kagure K. 1993. Some physiological studies on faba bean in Japan. In M. C. Saxena; S. Weigand and L. Li-Juan (1993) Fababean production and research in China. ICARDA, Aleppo, Syria.

Kagure TK, Naka J, Asannma K. 1978. Behavior of C14 photosynthetic product during the reproductive growth in broad bean plant. The Bull. Fac. Agric. Kagawa Univ. 39,1-8.

Magome H, Yamaguchi S, Hanada A, Kamiya Y, Oda K. 2004. Dwarf and delayed-flowering1, a novel Arabidopsis mutant deficient in gibberellin biosynthesis because of overexpression of a putative AP2 transcription factor. Plant J. 37, 720–729.

Mahadavi B, Sanavy SAMM. 2007. Germination and seedling growth in grass pea (Lathyrus sativus) cultivars under salinity conditions. Pak. J. Biol. Sci. 10, 273-279.

Manschadi AM, Sauerborn J, Stutzel H, Saxena MC. 1998. Simulation of faba bean (Vicia faba L) growth and development under Mediterranean conditions: Model adaptation and evaluation. European J. of Agron. Band 9, 273-293 .

Neumann PM, Azaideh H, Leon D. 1994. Hardening of root cell wall: A growth inhibitory response to salinity stress. Plant Cell Environ. 17, 303-309.

Ngo P, Ozga JA, Reinecke DM. 2002. Specificity of auxin regulation of gibberellin 20-oxidase gene expression in pea pericarp. Plant Mol. Biol. 49, 439– 448.

O’Neill DP, Ross JJ. 2002. Auxin regulation of the gibberellin pathway in pea. Plant Physiol. 130, 1974– 1982.

Orak A, Nizam I. 2004. Agronomic and morphological characters of some Common Vetch (Vicia sativa L.) genotypes under Trakya Region conditions. Department of Field Crops, Trakya University, Tekirdag Turkey. J. Agron. 3 (2), 72-75.

Ozga JA, Ju J, Reinecke DM. 2003. Pollination-, development-, and auxin-specific regulation of gibberellin 3_-hydroxylase gene expression in pea fruit and seeds. Plant Physiol. 131, 1137–1146.

Qamar IA, Keatinge GDH, Muhammad N, Ali A, Khan MA. 1999. Introduction and management of vetch/barley forage mixtures in the rainfed areas of Pakistan. I. Forage yield. Austr. J. Agric. Res. 50, 1-9.

Rao MSS, Mullinix BG, Rangappa M, Cebert E, Bhagsari AS, Sapra VT, Joshi JM, Dadson RB. 2002. Genotype x environment interactions and yield stability of food-grade soybean genotypes. Agron. J. 94, 72-80.

Rathjen J. 1997. The potential of Vicia sativa L. as a grain legume for South Australia. PhD thesis Department of Plant Science, University of Adelaide.

Redmann RE. 1985. Adaptation of grasses to water stress-leaf rolling and stomata distribution. Ann. Missouri Bot. Garden 72, 833-842.

Sattel R, Dick R, Luna J, Grath DMC, Peachy E. (1998). Common Vetch (Vicia sativa L.). Oregon Cover Crops 8659.

Sharma  AD,  Thakur  M,  Rana  M,  Singh  K. 2004. Effect of plant growth hormones and abiotic stresses on germination, growth and phosphatase activities  in Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench seeds. African Journal of Biotechnology 3 (6), 308-312.

Steudle E, Peterson CA. 1998. How does water get through roots? Journal of Experimental Botany 49, 775-788.

Venora G, Blangiforti S. 2002. Two varieties for Narbonne vetch (Vicia narbonensis L.) suitable for hot dry environments. Sementi Elette. 48 (3), 51-63.

Yucel C, Hizli H, Firincioglu HK, Cil C, Anlarsal AE. 2009. Forage Yield stability of Common  Vetch  (Vicia  sativa  L.)  genotypes  in  the Hukurova and GAP Regions of Turkey. Turk. J. Agric. For. 33, 119-125.

Yucel C, Hizli H, Firincioglu HK, Cil A, Anlarsal AE. 2009. Forage Yield stability of Common  Vetch  (Vicia  sativa  L.)  genotypes  in  the ukurova and GAP Regions of Turkey. Turk. J. Agric. For. 33, 119-125.