Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 20, 2022

| Download 46

Community-based methods of using goldenberry (Physalis peruviana L.) for managing Salmonella typhi

Charles Chekecha, John-Mary Vianney, Ernest Mbega

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.21( 2), 340-351, August 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.2.340-351


IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]


Physalis peruviana has been used for the treatment of bacterial, fungal, protozoan, and viral infections. The purpose of this study was to establish knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding the ethnobotanical value of goldenberry plants in the treatment of infections. The study was conducted between April and June 2021 in five villages in the Mbeya Rural District, Tanzania. Through focused group discussion and structured questionnaires, the information was collected from 15 traditional healers and 93 household members. All data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS). The overall survey revealed that the leaves of the plant are used for typhoid fever treatment. The methods for plant preparation include boiling of leaves (33.3% and 29.8% for traditional healers and household members, respectively) and soaking of ground leaves in cold or hot water (66.7% and 70.2% for traditional healers and household members, respectively). Therefore, among the two methods, soaking leaves in water is preferable compared to boiling because it works better in terms of disease treatment. According to key informants, the differences in efficacy between the two methods could be due to the loss of some phytochemical compounds during boiling, which might be effective against the disease-causing agent. The differences in efficacy provide access for further research, especially in finding out which compounds might be effective against the disease might be present in Physalis peruviana leaves.


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Community-based methods of using goldenberry (Physalis peruviana L.) for managing Salmonella typhi

Ahmad W, Zeenat F, Ahmad M, Ansari N. 2017. Medicinal Plants as Potent Diuretic : A Review Medicinal plants as potent diuretic : A review . January.

Angelsen A, Jagger P, Babigumira R, Belcher B, Wunder S. 2014. Environmental Income and Rural Livelihoods : A Global-Comparative Analysis. 64, 12–28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.worlddev.2014.03.006

Arunkumar M, Mahalakshmi M, Ashokkumar, V, Aravind MK. 2022. Evaluation of seaweed sulfated polysaccharides as natural antagonists targeting Salmonella typhi OmpF : molecular docking and pharmacokinetic profiling. https://doi.org/10.1186/s43088-021-00192-x

Batool A, Yunus N, Yaqoob A, Lone DS, Khalid A, Ejaz H, Qamar MU, Ahmed, Q. 2021. Prevalence of Multi-Drug Resistant and Extensively Drug-Resistant Salmonella enterica Serovar Typhi Recovered from Pediatrics ’ Septicemia Patients in Lahore 15(4), 2019–2021.

Botucatu M, De Estadual U, Medicina F, De Botucatu D, Estadual U. 2022. Medicinal plant use in primary health care : an integrative review. 677–686. https://doi.org/10.1590/141381232022272.46312020

Browne AJ, Hamadani BHK, Kumaran EAP, Rao P, Longbottom J, Harriss E, Moore CE, Dunachie S., Basnyat B, Baker S, Lopez AD, Day NPJ, Hay SI, Dolecek C. 2020. Drug-resistant enteric fever worldwide, 1990 to 2018 : a systematic review and meta-analysis. 1–22.

Butt MH, Saleem A, Javed SO, Ullah I. 2021. Rising XDR-Typhoid Fever Cases in Pakistan : Are We Heading Back to the Pre- Rising XDR-Typhoid Fever Cases in Pakistan : Are We Heading Back to the Pre-antibiotic Era ? November. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpubh.2021.794868

Buwa L. 2019. Pharmacognosy Magazine Publication of Pharmacognosy Network Worldwide. January. https://doi.org/10.4103/pm.pm

Chhikara N, Kaur A, Mann S, Garg MK, Sofi SA, Panghal A. 2021. Bioactive compounds , associated health bene fi ts and safety considerations of Moringa oleifera L . : an updated review 51(2), 255–277. https://doi.org/10.1108/NFS-03-2020-0087

Elhassaneen Y, El-dashlouty MS, El-eskafy A, El-gamal N. 2016. The Potential Protection Effects of Cape Gooseberry ( Physalis peruviana L .) Feeding Against CCl 4 -Induced Hepatotoxicity in Rats. 11(2), 1–13.

Fokunang CN, Mushagalusa FK, Ngoupayo J, Ngameni B. 2017. Phytochemical and zootechnical studies of Physalis peruviana L . leaves exposured to streptozotocin- induced diabetic rats. 9(August), 123–130. https://doi.org/10.5897/JPP2016.0418

Gomes RR. 2022. Journal of General medicine and Clinical Practice Enteric Encephalopathy : An Old Archenemy. January. https://doi.org/10.31579/2639-4162/055

Ingle DJ, Andersson P, Valcanis M, Wilmot M, Easton M, Lane C, Barden J, Gonçalves A, Seemann T, Horan K, Ballard SA, Sherry NL, Williamson DA. 2020. Genomic Epidemiology and Antimicrobial Resistance Mechanisms of Imported Typhoid in Australia. 1–12.

Kamau PK, Ng Z, Njeruh FM, Kirira PG. 2020. An Assessment of Antibacterial and Antifungal Activity of Methanolic Extracts of Kenyan Physalis peruviana L. 10(1), 1–12.

Kitula RA. 2007. Use of medicinal plants for human health in Udzungwa Mountains Forests : a case study of New Dabaga Ulongambi Forest Reserve 4, 2–5. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-3-7

Kumar M, Prakash S, Kumari N, Pundir A, Punia S. 2021. Beneficial Role of Antioxidant Secondary Metabolites from Medicinal Plants in Maintaining Oral Health. 1–32.

Lean-teik NG, Uang YH, In DL, Ang SW. 2005. Antioxidant Activities of Physalis peruviana. 28(June), 6–9.

Mag P, Buwa-komoreng LV, Mayekiso B, Mhinana Z, Adeniran AL. 2019. An Ethnobotanical and Ethnomedicinal Survey of Traditionally Used Medicinal Plants in Seymour , South Africa : An Attempt toward Digitization and Preservation of Ethnic Knowledge. https://doi.org/10.4103/pm.pm

Mondal S. 2021. Bioactive compounds in functional food and their role as therapeutics. April. https://doi.org/10.31989/bchd.v4i3.786

Moshi MJ, Otieno DF, Weisheit A. 2012. Ethnomedicine of the Kagera Region , north western Tanzania . Part 3 : plants used in traditional medicine in Kikuku village , Muleba District. 1–11.

Msuya TS, Kideghesho JR. 2009. The role of traditional management practices in enhancing sustainable use and conservation of medicinal plants in West Usambara Mountains 2(1), 88–105.

Mulu W, Akal CG, Ababu K, Getachew S, Tesfaye F, Wube A, Chekol D. 2021. Seroconfirmed Typhoid Fever and Knowledge , Attitude , and Practices among Febrile Patients Attending at Injibara General Hospital , Northwest Ethiopia. 2021.

Muresu N, Sotgiu G, Are BM, Cossu A, Cocuzza C, Martinelli M, Babudieri S, Are R, Dettori M, Azara A, Saderi L, Piana A. 2020. Travel-related typhoid fever: Narrative review of the scientific literature. In International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph17020615

Roger T, Pierre-marie M, Igor VK, Patrick V. D. 2015. Phytochemical screening and antibacterial activity of medicinal plants used to treat typhoid fever in Bamboutos division, West Cameroon 5(06), 34–49. https://doi.org/10.7324/JAPS.2015.50606

Saxena S, Kaur R, Randhawa VS. 2021. Changing Pattern of Resistance in Typhoid Fever in An Era of Antimicrobial Resistance : Is It Time to Revisit Treatment Strategies ? 11(January), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.5799/jmid.897134

Shakya M, Jones RC, Nyland KT, PhD, Voysey M, Phil D, Pant D, Smith N, Chir B, Liu X, PhD, Tonks S, Sc B, Mazur O, Sc B, Farooq YG, Sc M, Clarke J, PhD, Neuzil KM. 2019. Phase 3 Efficacy Analysis of a Typhoid Conjugate Vaccine Trial in Nepal. 2209–2218. https://doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1905047

Voeks RA, Leony A. 2004. Forgetting the forest : Assessing medicinal plant erosion in Eastern Brazil I. 58(Myers 1984).

Wasfy MO, Frenck R, Ismail TF, Mansour H, Malone JL, Mahoney FJ. 2002. Trends of Multiple-Drug Resistance among Salmonella Serotype Typhi Isolates during a 14-Year Period in Egypt. 35, 1265–1268.

Yemata GA, Yenew C, Mamuye M, Tiruneh M, Assfaw T, Mulatu S, Sisay E, Tadele F. 2021. Descriptive Analysis of Typhoid Fever Surveillance Data in the Jimma Zone, Southwest Ethiopia (2015–2019)  1–9.