Int. J. Biosci.11( 5), 104-112, November 2017
Proper management and use of resources is well necessary to obtain sustainable and economic results especially in marginal land areas like arid lands of Saudi Arabia. To attain the above mention feathers a field experiment was carried out at the Agriculture Research Station of King Abdulaziz University to evaluate the comparative effect of humic acid application methods and rates on seed yield and yield components of mungbean and some soil micronutrients in arid region of Saudi Arabia. A two factor factorial under randomized complete block design was used in this experiment with four replications. Two methods of humic acid application (solid vs liquid) and Three treatments of humic acid (HA 20, 20kg/ha; HA 40, 40kg/ha and HA 60, 60kg/ha) along with control (HA 0) were applied. Results indicate that application of humic acid in solid form resulted in significant improvement in yield and yield components (shoot fresh weight, shoot dry weight, root fresh weight, root dry weight, hundred seed weight and seed yield). Regarding rates, increasing HA ratesincreased all yield and yield components. Significant increase in all yield components was observed at first three levels of humic acid rates (HA 0 kgha-1 To HA 40 kgha-1), while increasing humic acid rate from (40 to 60 kgha-1) all yield and yield components were statistically similar except seed yield. It is concluded that interaction of solid application method with increasing rates of humic acid upgraded yield and yield component of mungbean and enhance the micronutrients (Cu, Zn and Mn) status in soil solution under arid land region of Saudi Arabia.
Afzal MA, Murshad ANM, Bakar MA, Hamid A, Salahuddin ABM. 2009. Mungbean Cultivation in Bangladesh. Gazipur, Bangladesh: Pulse Research Station, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Institute. http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/425168
Baldi E, toselli M, marcolini G, Quartieri M, Cirillio C, Innocenti A. 2010. Compostcan successfully replace mineral fertilizers in the nutrient management of commercial peach orchard. Soil Use and Manage 26(3), 346-353. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.2010.00286
Baldotto MA, Baldotto LEB. 2014. Ácidos húmicos. Revista Ceres 61, 856-881. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0034-737×201461000011
Canellas LP, Olivares FL. 2014. Physiological responses to humic substances as plant growth promoter. Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture 1, 01-11. http://dx.doi.org/10.1186/2196-5641-1-3
Canellas LP, Spaccini R, Piccolo A, Dobbss LB, Okorokova-Façanha A, Santos GA, Olivares FL, Façanha AR. 2009. Relationships between chemical characteristics and root growthpromotion of humic acids isolated from Brazilian Oxisols. Soil Science 174, 611-620. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/SS.0b013e3181bf1e03
Coelho EF, Melo DM, Pereira BLS, Santos DB, Rosa RCC. 2016. Roots of ‘BRS Princesa’banana fertigated with humic substances and saponin-based plant extracts. Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy 38, 521-528. http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v38i4.30790
Daur I, Bakhashwain AA. 2013. Effect of humic acid on growth and quality of maize fodder production. Pakistan Journal of botany 45, 21-25. http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/5.2.99-105
Façanha AR, Façanha ALO, Olivares FL, Guridi F, Santos GA, Velloso ACX, Rumjanek VM, Brasil F, Schripsema J, Braz-Filho R, Oliveira MA, Canellas LP. 2002. Bioatividade de ácidos húmicos: efeitos sobre o desenvolvimento radicular e sobre a bomba de prótons da membrana plasmática. Pesquisa Agropecuária Brasileira, 37, 1301-1310. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0100
Gao TG, Jiang F, Yang JS, Li BZ, Yuan HL. 2012. Biodegradation of Leonardite by an alkaliproducing bacterial community and characterization of the degraded products. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 2581–2590. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00253-011-3669-5.
Han ZH. 2011. Apple Cultivation with Drawf Rootstock and High Density- theory and Pratice.
Ibrahim MH, Jaafar HZE, karimi E, Ghasemzadeh A. 2013. Impact of organic and inorganic fertilizers application on the phytochemical and antioxidant activity of Kacipfatimah (Labisiapumilabenth). Molecules, 18, 10973-10988. http://dx.doi.org/10.3390:24013410
Jackson ML. 1973. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi, 498.
Khan RU, Rashid A, Khan MS, Ozturk E. 2010. Impact of Humic Acid and Chemical Fertilizer Application on growth and grain yield of rainfed wheat. FAO. 2010. http://dx.doi.org/280056856.
Mac Carthy P, Clapp CE, Malcom RL, Bloom PR. 2001. Humic substances in soil and crop sciences: selected readings. American Society of Agronomy and Soil Science Society of America, Madison, W.I. http://dx.doi.org/19911950504
Mondal MMA, Puteh AB, Malek MA, Ismail MR, Rafii, MY, Latif MA. 2012. Seed Yield of Mungbean (Vigna radiata (L.) Wilczek) in Relation to Growth and Developmental Aspects. Scientific World Journal, 212, http://dx.doi.org/10.1100/2012/425168
Nardi S, Pizzeghello D, Schiavon M, Ertani A. 2016. Plant biostimulants: physiological responses induced by protein hydrolyzed-based products and humic substances in plant metabolism. Scientia Agricola, 73, 18-23. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/0103-9016-2015-0006
Nardi S, Pizzeghello D, Muscolo A, Vianello A. 2012. Physiological Effects of Humic Substances on Higher Plants. Soil Biology and Biochemistry, 34, 1527-1536. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00174-8
Primo DC, Menezes RC, Silva TO. 2011. Substâncias húmicas da matéria orgânica do solo: uma revisão de técnicas analíticas e estudos no nordeste brasileiro. Scientia Plena, 7, 01-13. Science Press, Beijing. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S010029452011000500006
Ullah H, iftikhar KH, david A, Nayab DL, Imad U. 2012. Selecting mungbean genotypes for fodder production on the basis of indeterminacy and biomass. Journal of botany, 44(2), 697-703. http://dx.doi.org/10.1.1.723.5758
Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dicky DA. 1997. Principles and procedures of statistics- A biometrical approach. 3rd Ed. Mc Graw-Hill, New York, NY. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0020-7101(81)90057-X
Tahir MM, Khurshid M, Khan MZ, Abbasi MK, Kazmi MH. 2011. Lignite-Derived Humic Acid Effect on Growth of Wheat Plants in Different Soils. Pedosphere 21, 124-131. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S1002-0160(10)60087-2
Ulukan H. 2008. Effect of soil applied humic acid at different sowing times on some yield components in wheat (Triticum spp.) hybrids. International Journal of Botany 4(2), 164-175. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/ijb
Vanitha K, Mohandass S. 2014. Effect of Humic Acid on Plant Growth Characters and Grain Yield of Drip Fertigated Aerobic Rice (Oryza Sativa L.). The Bioscan 9, 45-50.
Yang J, Liu X, Shi Y. 2013. Effect of different mixed fertilizer on yield, quality and economic benefits in Stevia rebaudiana bertoni. Advance journal of food science and technology 5(5), 588-591. http://dx.doi.org/10.19026/ajfst.5.3132
Zahoor WA, Khanzada H, Bashir U, Aziz K, Zahir S, Faheem AK. 2014. Role of Nitrogen Fertilizer in Crop Productivity and Environmental Pollution. Internatinal Journal for Agriculture 4(3), 201-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.5923/j.ijaf.20140403.09