Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2019

| Download 3

Comparative effectiveness of different levels of NPK and potassium humate on leaf mineral content of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

Muhammad Idrees, Ashfaq Ahmad Rahi, Khurrum Shehzad Baig, Muhammad Akram

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.15(6), 354-362, December 2019

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/15.6.354-362


IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Poor soil organic content is one of the major causes of low uptake of mineral nutrients in the plants. Besides optimum use of inorganic fertilizers, it is a need of time to introduce organic fertilizers in combination with mineral fertilizers. Humate substances are one of such beneficial substances that can improve the uptake of mineral nutrients in the plants. Therefore, a current field study was conducted to assess the improvement of mineral uptake in the potato leaves via application of different levels of NPK fertilizers i.e. 0, 50, 75 and 100% recommended dose and potassium humate (K-humate) i.e. 0, 8, 12 and 16 kg ha-1. It was observed that leaf mineral contents including N, P, K, Mg and Ca were positively affected by 100% recommended dose of NPK. In addition to above, application of 16 kg ha-1 K-humate also enhanced the uptake of N, P, K, Ca and Mg during the vegetative growth and their maximum concentrations were found at 85 days after planting. On the basis of results, it is concluded that K humate application is the necessity of time along with 100% recommended dose of NPK fertilizer for optimum uptake of nutrients in plants.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Comparative effectiveness of different levels of NPK and potassium humate on leaf mineral content of potato (Solanum tuberosum L.)

Al-Moshileh AM, Errebhi MA, Motawei MI. 2005. Effect of various potassium and nitrogen rates and splitting methods on potato under sandy soil and arid environmental conditions. Emirates Journal of Food and Agriculture 17, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.9755/ejfa.v12i1.5043.

Anderson JE, Kono TJ, Stupar RM, Kantar MB, Morrell PL. 2016. Environmental association analysis identify candidates for abiotic stress tolerance in Glycine soja, the wild progenitor of cultivated soyabean. G3 (Bethesda) 6, 835-843. https://doi.org/10.1534/g3.116.026914.

Awad SM. 2005. The influence of organic and mineral fertilization on growth, yield and quality of potato crop. Journal of Agricultural Science, Mansoura University 30, 7965-7975.

Bremner JM. 1965. Total nitrogen and inorganic forms of nitrogen. In: Black, C.A. (ed.). Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2.Chemical and Microbiological Properties. Amer. Soc. Agron., Madison, Wisc. USA, p 1149-1237.

Cadisch G, Giller KE. 1997. Driven by Nature: Plant Litter Quality and Decomposition. CAB International, Walingford, UK, p 685.

Canellas L, Olivares F, Olofrokovha-Facanha A, Facanha A. 2002. Humic acids isolated from earthworm compost enhance root elongation, lateral root emergence, and plasma membrane H+-ATPase activity in maize roots. Plant Physiology 130, 1951-1957.  https://doi.org/10.1104/pp.007088

Cassman KG, Dobermann A, Walters DT. 2002. Agroecosystems, nitrogen use efficiency, and nitrogen management. Ambio 31, 132-140.

Celik H, Katkat AV, Ayk BB, Turan MA. 2008. Effects of soil application of humus on dry weight and mineral nutrients uptake of maize under calcareous soil conditions. Archives of Agronomy and Soil Science 54, 605-614. https://doi.org/10.1080/036503408022943.03

Cimrin KM, Yilmaz I. 2005. Humic acid applications to lettuce do not improve yield but do improve phosphorus availability. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica 55, 58-63. https://doi.org/10.1080/09064710510008.559

Delfine S, Tognetti R, Desiderio E, Alvino A. 2005. Effect of foliar application of N and humic acid on growth and yield of durum wheat. Agronomy for Sustainable Development 25, 183-191. https://doi.org/10.1051/agro:2005017

El-Hamady MM, Ahmed GB, Mahmoud MS, Hatem MA, Hossan HM. 2017. Influence of mineral fertilization in combination with K-humate, amino acids and sodium selenite on growth, chemical composition fruit quality of sweet pepper plant. Middle East Journal of Agriculture Research 6(2), 433-447.

Eyheraguibel B. 2004. Characterization of humic substances derived from organic waste enhancements effects on plants. Ph.D. thesis. Institute National Polytechnique de- Toulouse, Toulouse, France.

Giller KE. 2002. Targeting management of organic sources and mineral fertilizers. Can we match scientist’s fantasies with farmer realities? In: Vanlauwe, B., Sanginga, N., Diels, J. and Merckx, R. (eds). Balanced Nutrient Management Systems for the Moist Savanna and Humid Forest Zones of Africa. CAB International, Wallingford, p 155-171.

Hochmuth GJ, Brecht JK, Bassett MJ. 1999. Nitrogen fertilization to maximize carrot yield and quality on a sandy soil. HortScience 34, 641-645. https://doi.org/10.21273/HORTSCI.34.4641

Hussain A, Bashir A, Anwar MZ, Mehmood I. 2011. Agricultural productivity and rural poverty in the rice-wheat and mixed cropping zones of the Punjab. Pakistan Journal of Life and Social Sciences 9, 172-178. https://www.jstor.org/stable/412605.41

Jones C, Jacobsen J. 2009. Fertilizer placement and timing. Nutrient Management Module No. 11. Montana State University, Bozeman, USA, p  1-16.

Jones CA, Jacobsen JS, Mugaas A. 2007. Effect of low-rate commercial humic acids on phosphorus availability, micronutrient uptake and spring wheat yield. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 38, 921-933. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620701277.817

Jones Jr JB, Wolf B, Mills HA. 1991. Plant Analysis Handbook. Micro-Macro Publishing Inc., Athens, GA, USA.

Kamel NH, Mokebel EMM, Saeed MNA, Desoky EM. 2008. Physiological and anatomical effects of biofertilizers in combination with mineral NPK on wheat plant. Egyptian Journal of Applied Sciences 23, 446-475.

Katka AV, Celik H, Turan MA, Ayk BB. 2009. Effects of soil and foliar applications of humic substances on dry weight and mineral nutrients uptake of wheat under calcareous soil conditions. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences 3, 1266-1273.

Khattk RA, Muhammad D. 2010. Seed cotton yield and nutrient concentrations as influenced by lignite coal derived humic acid in salt affected soils. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture 26, 42-49.

Liu FC, Xing SJ, Duan CH, Du ZY, Ma HL, Ma BY. 2010. Nitrate nitrogen leaching and residue of humic acid fertilizer in field soil. Huan jing ke xue= Huanjing kexue 31, 1619-1624.

MacCarthy P. 2003. Humic substances: What we know and what we don’t know. Symposium on Natural Organic Matter in Soils and Water, 22nd March, 2003. Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa, USA.

Marinari S, Masciandaro G, Ceccanti B, Grego S. 2000. Influence of organic and mineral fertilizers on soil biological and physical properties. Bioresource Technology 72, 9-17.

Moraditochaee M. 2012. Effects of humic acid foliar spraying and nitrogen fertilizer management on yield of peanut (Arachis hypogaea L.) in Iran. ARPN Journal of Agricultural and Biological Science 7, 289-293.

Morris M, Kelly AV, Kopicki JR, Byerlee D. 2007. Fertilizer Use in African Agriculture: Lesson Learned and Good Practice Guidelines. The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Patil RB, More AD, Kalyankarm ASS, Wadje SS. 2011. Effect of potassium humate on nutrients uptake of Glycine max, Phaseolus mungo and Triticum aestivum. Plant Sciences Feed 1, 174-178.

Pertusatti J, Prado AG. 2007. Buffer capacity of humic acid: Thermodynamic approach. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science 314, 484-489. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jcis.2007.06.006

Reddy PP, Dhanasekaran MK, Saravanan KP. 2004. Effect of foliar application of enriched humic substances on the performance of tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill.). Mysore Journal of Agricultural Sciences 38, 468-473.

Rohily KM, Abdelgadir AH, Sarhan HM, Zekri M. 2010. Effect of compound fertilizer as a sole source of P and K on potato yield. Soil Science Society of America. 2009 International Annual Meetings, pp. 1-5.

Roy RN, Finck A, Blair GJ, Tandon HLS. 2006. Plant nutrition for food security. A Guide for Integrated Nutrient Management. Land and Water Development Division, Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations, Rome, Italy.

Russo RO, Berlyn GP. 1990. The use of organic biostimulants to help low input sustainable agriculture. Journal of Sustainable Agriculture 1, 19-42. https://doi.org/10.1300/J064v01n02_04

Ryan J, Estefan G, Abdul-Rashid. 2001. Soil and Plant Analysis Laboratory Manual, 2nd Ed. International Center for Agricultural Research in the Dry Areas (ICARDA), Aleppo, Syria, p 46-48.

Sivakumar K, Devarajan L. 2005. Influence of K-humate on the yield and nutrient uptake of rice. Madras Agricultural Journal 92, 718-721.

Steel RG, Torrie JH, Dickey DA. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics: A Biometrical Approach. (McGraw Hill Book International Co., 1997).

Vitousek PM, Porder S, Houlton BZ, Chadwick OA. 2010. Terrestrial phosphorus limitation: mechanism, implication and nitrogen-phosphorus interaction. Ecological Applications 174, 516-523. https://doi.org/10.1890/08-0127.1

Wang XJ, Wang ZQ, Li SG. 1995. The effect of humic acids on the availability of phosphorus fertilizers in alkaline soils. Soil Use and Management 11, 99-102. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-2743.1995.tb00504.x

Zaghloul SM, Fatma EM, El-Quesniand Mazhar AAM. 2009. Influence of potassium humate on growth and chemical constituents of Thuja orientalis L. seedlings. Ozean Journal of Applied Sciences 2, 73-78.

Zalba P, Peinemann N. 2002. Phosphorous content in soil in relation to fulvic acid carbon fraction. Communications in Soil Science and Plant Analysis 33, 3737-3744. https://doi.org/10.1081/CSS-120015918