Comparative performance of wheat sowing machinery in wheat-rice cropping system

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Research Paper 01/01/2020
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Comparative performance of wheat sowing machinery in wheat-rice cropping system

Hamza Muneer Asam, Zia-Ul-Haq, Muhammad Yasin, Muhammad Ansar, Asim Gulzar, Adnan Islam
Int. J. Biosci.16( 1), 168-177, January 2020.
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Management of combine harvested paddy residue in field though conventional method is becoming an environmental concern to soil health, transport and surrounding population living in the area of wheat-rice cropping system of province Punjab, Pakistan. In common, cultivators prefer to burn their paddy field as an easy and cost effective method of residue disposal. Burning of rice residue in field decreases soil fertility, moisture contents, and dangerous for the life of bio-control microbial insects that are beneficial for crop production.From last few years, issue of smog (mixture of smoke and fog) is rising. When smoke meet with fog, a new heavy smoke is produced called smog causing many road accidents and respiratory diseasesto residents’ invicinity. To overcome this problem a new machinewas manufactured at Sharif Engineering Works, Khurrianwala Faisalabad under the joint project of SUMMIT and USDA. Purpose of present study was to compare the performance of newly develop machine Happy seeder (T1) with zero seed drill (T2), wheat seed drill (T3) and conventional broadcasting method (T4). Experiment was conducted in the combine harvested rice residue field. Each treatment was replicated with three experimental plots for the observation of germination rate, vigor index, number of tillers, spike length, spikelet per spike, 1000 grain weight and yield. Data collected was statistically analyzed at 5% level of significance. It was concluded from the experiment that the treatment T1Happy seeder had best performance for wheat production in rice-residue field.


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