Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 1, 2021

| Download 5

Comparative relationship of specific gravity, diameter, and leaf size of two mangrove species at Masapelid Island, Philippines

Edwin C. Escobal, Shiella Lynn G. Dali-on

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.19(2), 196-205, August 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.2.196-205


IJB 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Thirty individual trees composed of Avicennia rumphiana and Sonneratia alba belong to three diameter classes (5-8cm, 9-12cm, and 13-16cm) were sampled from the mangrove ecosystem located at Masapelid Island, Philippines. Wood samples, diameters and leaf sizes measurements were gathered in this study. Specific gravity was determined from the wood samples and correlated to species, diameter, and leaf sizes. Results showed that specific gravity has a significant difference in species (p= 0.0176) but no significant difference with its diameter and leaf sizes (leaf length and width). Between the two species, A. rumphiana had higher average specific gravity with 0.562 compared to S. alba with 0.487. The results showed that the species leaf length, width, and area vary in between diameter classes. In A. rumphiana, leaf length, width, and area increased consistently with the increase of the DBH in every diameter class. However, this was not observed in S. alba. Radial variations of specific gravity from the center of the stem to bark were also different between species.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Comparative relationship of specific gravity, diameter, and leaf size of two mangrove species at Masapelid Island, Philippines

Araujo RJ, Jaramillo JC, Snedaker SC. 1997. LAI and leaf size differences in two red mangrove forest types in South Florida. Bulletin of Marine Sciences, 60(3), 643-647.

Baker TW, Phillips OL, Malhi Y, Almeida S, Arroyo L, de Fior A. 2004. Variation in wood density determines spatial patterns in Amazonian forest biomass. Global Change Biology 10, 545-562. DOI: 10.1111/j.1529-8817.2003.00751.x

Banuelos MJ, Sierra M. 2004. Sex, secondary compounds, and asymmetry: Effects on plant-herbivore interaction in a dioecious shrub. Acta Oecologica 25, 151-157.

Barkoulas M, Galinha C, Grigg SP, Tsiantis M. 2007 From genes to shape: regulatory interactions in leaf development. Curr Opin Plant Biol 10, 660-666.

Berger U, Rivera-Monroy VH, Doyle TW, Dahdouh-Guebas, others F. 2008. Advances and limitations of individual-based models to analyze and predict dynamics of mangrove forest: a review. Aquat Bot 89, 260-274.

Cannicci S, Burrows D, Fratini S, Smith TJ III, Offenberg J, Dahdouh-Guebas F. 2008 Faunal impact on vegetation structure and ecosystem function in mangrove forests:a review. Aquat Bot 89, 186-200.

Casilac JR, CS, Dali-On SG, Escobal EC, Aribal LG. 2018. Inferring zonation in mangrove ecosystem via leaf size indices in Rhizophora apiculata Blume, September 30, 2018. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences. ISSN: 2220-6663 (Print) 2222-3045 (Online) Vol. 13, No. 3, p. 134-140.

Chave J, Muller-Landau HC, Baker TR, Easdale TA, Steege H, Webb CO. 2006. Regional and phylogenetic variation of wood density across 2456 neotropical tree species. Ecological Applications 16, 2356-2367.

Chave J. 2005. Measuring wood density for tropical forest trees a field manual for the CTFS sites. Lab. Evolution et Diversité Biologique Université Paul Sabatier 31000 Toulouse, France.

Detienne P, Chanson B. 1996. L’Eventail de la densite du bois des feuillus. Bois et Forets des Tropiques, no. 250, 19-30.

Gamboa JRGZ, Ratunil JRVB, Escobal EC, Ebarsabal GA. 2019. Diversity and Vegetation Analysis of Mangroves, Volume 1, Issue1, October 2019, BREO Journal of Agricultural Science and Fisheries, An International Refereed Research Journal.

Liang S, Zhou RC, Dong SS, Shi SH. 2008 Adaption to salinity in mangroves: Implication on the evolution of salt-tolerance. Chinese Science Bulletin 53(11), 1708-1715.

Muller-Landau HC. 2004. Inter-specific and inter-site variation in the wood specific gravity of tropical trees. Biotropica 36, 20-32.

Nagelkerken I, Blaber SJ, Bouillon M, Green S, others P. 2008. The habitat function of mangrove for terrestrial and marine fauna:a review. Aquat Bot 89, 155-185.

Pandey S, Nagar PK. 2002. Leaf surface wetness and morphological characteristics of Valeriana jatamansi grown under open and shade habitats. Biol Plant 45, 291-294.

Panshin AJ, De Zeeuw C. 1980. Textbook of wood technology. Ed. 4.mc Graw-Hill Publ. Comp., New York.

Schimleck L, Antony F, Dahlen J, Moore J. 2018. Wood and Fiber Quality of Plantation-Grown Conifers: A Summary of Research with an Emphasis on Loblolly and Radiata   Pine. Forests  9, 298.

Snedaker SC, Brown MS. 1981. Water quality and mangrove ecosystem dynamics. EPA-600/4-8 1-002. Florida, USA: United States Environmental Protec­tion Agency, Gulf Breeze.

So´ S, Camarero JJ, Gil-Pelegrı´n E. 2001. Relationship between hydraulic resistance and leaf morphology in broadleaf Quercus species: a new interpretation of leaf location. Trees 15, 341-345.

Swenson NG, Enquist BJ. 2008. The relationship between stem and branch wood specific gravity and the ability of each measure to predict leaf area. American Journal of Botany 95, 516-519.

Tomlinson PB. 1986. The botany of mangroves. Cam­brige: Cambridge University Press.

Viscosi V, Cardini A, 2011. Leaf Morphology, Taxonomy and Geometric Morphometrics: A Simplified Protocol for Beginners. PLoS ONE 6(10), e25630.

Wright IJ, Falster DS, Pickup M, Westoby M. 2006. Cross species patterns in the coordination between leaf and stem traits, and their implications for plant hydraulics. Physiologia Plantarum 127, 445-456.

Yao J. 1970. Influence of growth rate on specific gravity and other selected properties of Loblolly Pine. Wood Science and Technology 4, 163-175.

Zobel BJ, Jett JB. 1995. Genetics of Wood Production; Springer: Berlin, Germany, p. 352.

Zobel BJ, van Buijtenen JP. 1989. Wood variation: Its causes and control. Springer, Berlin Heidelberg New York.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background