Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences I INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2018

| Download 2

Comparing efficacy of hydroponically and conventionally grown tomatoes

Tanveer Iqbal, Muhammad Waqas Anjum, Ghulam Jilani, Najma Yousaf Zahid, Irfan Ali

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.13(6), 25-35, December 2018

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/13.6.25-35


IJB 2018 [Generate Certificate]


To improve local production of vegetables and to reduce intake of contaminants coming from toxic sprays on vegetables, there is need to promote kitchen gardening. The present study was carried out to grow tomatoes for kitchen gardening purpose using various growth medias like hydroponics, soil, compost and different combination of soil and compost. Treatments included hydroponic solution (Hoagland’s solution), control (soil), soil:compost (75:25), soil: compost (50:50), soil: compost (25:75), compost (100 %) and soil with recommended NPK fertilizers. Tomato variety “Sahil” was used for this study. Tomato seedlings were obtained from commercial nursery and sown in December, 2016 in pots with above mentioned treatments. For hydroponics, Hoagland solution was prepared and placed in plastic beakers. Sampling from pots was done after crop harvesting, while plant sampling was done at maturity stage. The data obtained was analysed statistically using CRD to draw results. It was noted that soil nitrogen content (22.1mg kg-1) was higher with compost. While higher concentration of P (38 mg kg-1) and K (139.9 mg kg-1) was also recorded in C100. Highest tomato yield (2231.1 g) was noted in hydroponics. Recommended NPK treatment gave 1187.1 g yield per pot. Lowest yield (808 g) was recorded in control where no amendment was added. It was concluded that increased application of compost increased the nutrient status which consequently increased crop yield but increase in nutrients and yield was lower as compared to hydroponics.


Copyright © 2018
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Comparing efficacy of hydroponically and conventionally grown tomatoes

Abbasi PA, Al-Dahmani J, Sahin F, Hoitink HAJ, Miller SA. 2001. Effect of compost amendments on disease severity and yield of tomato in conventional and organic production systems. Plant Disease 156, 156-161. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/SRE10.1083

Anderson JM, Ingram JSI. 1993. Colorimetric determination of nitrogen and phosphorus. Tropical soil biology and fertility. A handbook of methods 157(4), 265  http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/2261129

Anza M, Riga P, Garbisu C. 2006. Effects of variety and growth season on the organoleptic and nutritional quality of hydroponically grown tomato. Journal of Food Quality 29, 16-37. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jsfa.4166

Bashour I, Alameddine A, Wehbe L, Saad A, Nimah M. 2013. The use of aqua ammonia for the control of soil borne diseases in tomato. Lebanese Science Journal.14, 41- 47.

Carmo DLD, De LLB, Alberto SC. 2016. Soil Fertility and Electrical Conductivity Affected by Organic Waste Rates and Nutrient Inputs. Revista Brasileira de Ciência do Solo. 40, 150-152. http://dx.doi.org/10.1515/sab-2017-0030

Carrijo OA, Vidal MC, Reis NV, Souza RBD, Makishima N. 2004. Tomato crop production under different substrates and greenhouse models. Horticultura Brasileira 22, 5-9.

Chalhoub M, Garnier P, Coquet Y, Mary B, Lafolie F. 2013. Increased nitrogen availability in soil after repeated compost applications: Use of the PASTIS model to separate short and long-term effects. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 65, 144-157. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.05.023

Chapman HD, Pratt PF. 1961. Method of analysis for soil, plant and water Univ. California, Riverside, CA, USA.

Chen Z, Zhou M, Newman I, Mendham N, Zhang G, Shabala S. 2007. Potassium and sodium relations in salinised barley tissues as a basis of differential salt tolerance. Functional Plant Biology. 34, 150-162. http://dx.doi.org/10.1071/FP06237

Dao TH, Cavigelli MA. 2003. Mineralizable carbon, nitrogen, and water-extractable phosphorus release from stockpiled and composted manure and manure-Amended Soils. Agronomy Jourrnal. 95, 405–413.

Dorais M, Caron J, Begin G, Gasselin A, Gaudreau L, Menard C. 2005. Equipment performance for determining water needs of tomato plants grow in saw dust based substrates and rockwool. Acta Horticulturae 691, 293-304. http://dx.doi.org/10.17660/ActaHortic.2005.691.34

Eaton AD. 2005. Standard methods for the examination of water and waste water;.APHA, AWWA and WEF, 21st Edition.

Evanylo G, Sherony C, Spargo J, Starner D, Brosius M, Haering K. 2008.  Soil and water environmental effects of fertilizer, manure and compost-based fertility practices in an organic vegetable cropping system. Agriculture, Ecosystem and Environment. 127, 50–58. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2008.02.014

Flores FB, Sanchez-Bel P, Estan MT, Martinez-Rodriguez MM, Moyano E, Morales B, Campos JF, Garcia-Abellan JO, Egea MI, Fernandez-Garcia N, Romojaro F, Bolarin MC. 2010. The effectiveness of grafting to improve tomato fruit quality. Scientia Horticulturae 125, 211-217. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.scienta.2010.03.026

Francisco HJ, Carlos RJ, Esmeralda M, Sebastiana M, Jaime V, Celia M. 2008. The effect of organic and mineral fertilization on micronutrient availability in soil. Soil Science 173, 69-80. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/ss.0b013e31815a6676

Gee GW, Bauder JW. 1962. Particle size analysis. In: A. Klute (ed.), Methods of Soil Analysis, Part-1 Physical and Mineralogical Methods. American Society of Agronomy., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.   383-411.

Gravel V, Blok W, Hallmann E, Carmona-Torres C, Wang H, Peppel AVD, Golec AFC, Dorais M, Meeteren UV, Heuvelink E,  Rembialkowska E, Bruggen AHCV. 2010. Differences in N uptake and fruit quality between organically and conventionally grown greenhouse tomatoes. Agronomy Sustainable Development. 30, 797–806. https://doi.org/10.1051/agro/201002

Horchani F, Hajri R, Khayati H, Smiti SA. 2010. Physiological responses of tomato plants to the combined effect of root hypoxia and NaCl salinity. Journal of Phytology 2, 36–49.

Jasman B, Sethi VP, Sharma A, Lee C. 2016. Design and evaluation of wick type and recirculation type substrate hydroponic system for greenhouse tomatoes. Agricultural Research Journal.  53, 228-233. http://dx.doi.org/10.5958/2395-146X.2016.00043.0

Karaca A. 2004. Effect of organic wastes on the extractability of cadmium, copper, nickel, and zinc in soil. Geoderma. 122, 297-303. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.geoderma.2004.01.016

Khan AA, Jilani G, Akhtar MS, Naqvi SMS, Rasheed M. 2009. Phosphorus solubilizing bacteria: occurrence, mechanisms and their role in crop production. Plant disease 86, 156-161.

McLean EO. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. In: Page, A. L. Page, R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney (eds.), Methods of soil analysis part 2: Chemical and microbiological properties. American Society of Agronomy. Madison, Wisconsin, USA.  199-209.

Mourvaki E, Gizzi S, Rossi R, Rufini S. 2005. Passion flower Fruit. A new source of Lycopene. Journal of Medicinal Food 8, 104-106. http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2005.8.104

Nelson DW, Sommers LE. 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter. In: A. L. Page, R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney (eds.), Methods of soil analysis, Part 2 chemical and microbiological properties. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, USA. p. 539-579.

Qayyum MF, Ashraf I, Abid M, Steffens D. 2015. Effect of biochar, lime, and compost application on phosphorus adsorption in a Ferralsol. Journal of Plant Nutrition and Soil Scienc. 178, 576-581. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.201400552

Rhoades JD. 1982. Cation exchange capacity In: A. L. Page, R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeney (eds.), Methods of soil analysis. Part 2. Chemical and microbiological properties. American Societyof Agronomy., Madison, Wisconsin, USA.  149-158.

Roostaa HR, Hamidpour M. 2011. Effects of foliar application of some macro-and micro-nutrients on tomato plants in aquaponic and hydroponic systems. Scientia Horticulture. 129, 396–402. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.09.011

Royer M, Larbat R, Le-Bot J, Adamowicz S, Nicot PC, Robin C. 2016. Tomato response traits to pathogenic Pseudomonas species: Does nitrogen limitation matter. Plant Sciences 244, 57-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2014.07.001

Ryals R, Kaiser RM, Torn MS, Berhe AA, Silver WL. 2014. Impacts of organic matter amendments on carbon and nitrogen dynamics in grassland soils. Soil Biology and Biochemistry. 68, 52-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2013.09.011

Sanchez-Alcala I, Campillo MCD, Torrent J. 2014.Extraction with 0.01 m CaCl2 underestimates the concentration of phosphorus in the soil   solution. Soil use and management 30, 297-302. https://doi.org/10.1111/sum.12116

Sarir MS, Akhlaq M, Zeb A, Sharif M. 2005. Comparison of various organic manures with or without chemical fertilizers on the yield and components of maize. Sarhad Journal of Agriculture. 21, 237-245. https://doi.org/10.22067/jag.v7i4.43938

Soltanpour PN, Workman SM, Schwab AP. 1979. Use of inductively-coupled plasma spectrometry for the simultaneous determination of macro- and micro-nutrients in NH4HCO3 DTPA extracts of soils. Soil Science  Society of America Journal 43, 75-78. http://dx.doi.org/10.2136/sssaj1979.03615995004300010013x

Stevenson FJ. 2005. Cycles of Soil: carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulfur, micronutrients. John Wiley and Sons, New York.

Tigchelaar EC. 1986. Tomato breeding: breeding vegetable crops. The AV1 Publishing Company Inc., Westport, Connection, USA.

Torkashvandi AM, Kaviani B. 2014. The growth of camellia in peanut shelles compost media in different concentrations of potassium. Acta Scientiarum Polonorum., Hortorum Cultus 13, 163-176.

Weber J, Kocowicz A, Bekier J, Jamroz E, Tyszka R, Debicka M, Parylak D, Kordas L. 2014. The effect of a sandy soil amendment with municipal solid waste (MSW) compost on nitrogen uptake efficiency by plants. European Journal of Agronomy 54, 54–60.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2013.11.014

Zekki H, Gauthier L, Gosselin A. 1996. Growth, productivity, and mineral     composition of hydroponically cultivated greenhouse tomatoes, with or without nutrient solution recycling. Journal of American Society for Horticultural Science 121, 1082–1088. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0102-053620140000400003


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background