Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Comparison of anthropometric, physiologic and physical properties of Iran’s elite cross-country and alpine skiers

Research Paper | September 1, 2013

| Download 3

Mostafa Mirhashemi, Bahman Tarverdizadeh, Mohammad Ali Kohanpour, Mohammad Hassan Boostani, Mohammad Ali Boostani, Amir Akbari

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.3( 9), 98-105, September 2013


JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]


Sport performances and executions improve day by day, in ways that kinds of performances of elite athletes of previous decades, considered as regular and ordinary performances for nowadays athletes. Hence, new records are registered in sport fields every day. One of the most important factors in magnificent and remarkable progresses of athletes is well-timed and scientific knowledge of sport talents. Therefore, the present study was designed and executed with the purpose of comparison anthropometric, physiologic and physical properties of Iran’s elite cross-country and alpine skiers. Statistical society of the present study consisted whole Iran’s elite sprint and endurance skiers which were practicing in Iran national teams during 2010; including 12 elite sprint skiers with averages age of 25.42±3.95 years old, 80.22±7.67 kg weight and 178.57±3.23 cm height and 12 endurance ones with averages age of 26.71±6.15 years old, 69.08±5.61 kg weight and 179.57±3.86 cm height which selected purposefully. Anthropometric variables (like body fat percentage, muscular mass, BMI, height, weight, sitting height and length of hands), physiologic variables (as maximal oxygen consuming and lactate threshold) and physical variables (like speed, endurance, power, agility, flexibility and reaction duration) were gauged from the subjects. After classification, the outcome data were analyzed by using descriptive and perceptive statistical methods (T test). Weights and muscular masses of sprint skiers were significantly more (P=0.009 and P=0.004, respectively) and body fat percentages and Body Mass Index (BMI) were significantly less (P=0.034 and P=0.007, respectively) than endurance ones. Also, speed running records of sprint skiers were less, indeed better, than endurance ones (P=0.012) which means sprint skiers have rather agilities than endurance ones (P=0.019). In addition, maximal oxygen consumptions and lactate thresholds of endurance skiers were more than sprint ones (P=0.007 and P=.005, respectively). Sprint skiers are heavier than endurance ones, and because of gravity effect, this matter is an advantage for them, who compete in downhill. So, their speed and agility records are superior. Body fat percentages and Body Mass Index (BMI) of endurance skiers and muscular masses of sprint skiers are further than the others, which their probable reasons refer to feeding situations and kinds of sport metabolism. Also, maximal oxygen consumptions (VO2max) and lactate thresholds of sprint skiers were more than endurance ones, which concern different characteristics of the two branches. However, with regard to information shortage and some incongruous founds, further researches are required.


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Comparison of anthropometric, physiologic and physical properties of Iran’s elite cross-country and alpine skiers

Alvarez-San C, Gonzalez-Badillo EAJJ. 2010. The physical and anthropometric profiles of adolescent alpine skiers and their relationship with sporting rank. Journal. 24, 4. http://dx.doi.org/10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181cbabb5

Asfarjani F. 2000. Comparison of some anthropometric, physiologic and physical preparations properties of volleyball girl’s players of Iran’s championship basements with Iran national team. MSc. thesis, Tarbiat-e Moallem Univ., Tehran, Iran.

Bergh U. 1987. The influence of body mass in cross-country skiing. Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 19, 324-331.

Bergh U, Forsberg A. 1992. Influence of body mass on cross-country ski racing performance. Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise 24, 1033-1039.

Heikkinen D. 2003 . Physical testing characteristics and technical event performance of junior alpine ski racers, a thesis submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree of master of sciences (in kinesiology and physical education), the graduate school the university of Maine May.

Larsson P, Henriksson-Larse´n K. 2008. Body composition and performance in cross-country skiing. International Journal of Sports Medicine 29, 971-975. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2008-1038735

Mohsenin M. 1990. Ski Manual, Iran’s national Olympic committee. Olympic Pub.

Neumayr G, Hoertnagl H, Pfister R, Koller A, Eibl G, Raas R. 2003. Physical and physiological factors associated with success in performance alpine skiing. International Journal of Sports Medicine 24, 571-575. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2003-43270

Niinimaa V, Shephard RJ, Dyon M. 1979. Determinants of performance and mechanical efficiency in Nordic skiing. British Journal of Sports Medicine 13, 62-65. http://dx.doi.org/10.1136/bjsm.13.2.62

Nikolopoulos D, Zafeiridis A, Manou V, Gerodimos V, Kellis S. 2009. Fitness characteristics of a Greek national alpine skiing team:correlation with racing performance. Hellenic Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science 29 (4), 329-342.

Osgnach C, Colombo M, Bosio A, Freschi M, Buselli P, Roi GS. 2009. Physical profile of top level alpine skiers: anthropometrical differences between Italian national teams competing in 1982, 1999 and 2005 World Cup, 2006. Proceeding in the XV International Congress of Sports Rehabilitation and Traumatology, Torino, Italy.

Ross WD, Day JA. 1972. Physique and performance of young skiers. Journal of Sports Medicine and Physical Fitness 12, 30-37.

Shahin Tab’e M. 1998. Investigation and comparison of some anthropometric and physiologic properties and skill executions indices between adult’s basketball players of Iran national team. MSc. thesis, Tehran Univ., Tehran, Iran.

Song TMK. 1982. Relationship of physical characteristics to skiing performance. Journal Physical Sports Medicine 10, 97-102.

Sto¨ ggl T, Enqvist J, MeU¨ ller E, Holmberg HC. 2010. Relationships between body composition, body dimensions, and peak speed in cross-country sprint skiing. Journal of Sports Sciences 28 (2), 161-169.