Comparison of butterfly diversity in natural and regenerating forest in a biodiversity conservation site at maragamuwa, Sri Lanka

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/09/2014
Views (190) Download (6)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Comparison of butterfly diversity in natural and regenerating forest in a biodiversity conservation site at maragamuwa, Sri Lanka

M.W.D.M. Mihindukulasooriya, Kithsiri B. Ranawana, Jonathan D. Majer
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 3), 387-391, September 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Knowledge of species composition and diversity of butterflies offers great benefits for nature conservation and environmental monitoring. Butterfly species richness and diversity were studied at a biodiversity conservation site at Maragamuwa, Sri Lanka from July 2009 to February 2010 using the fixed distance line transect method. A total of 4968 butterflies belonging to the super families Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea, representing six families and 83 species were recorded during the study period. Of these 83 species, 73 were recorded from the natural forest, while 60 species were recorded from the regenerating forest. The highest numerical abundance of butterflies was recorded from the regenerating forest and the highest species diversity occurred in the natural forest. These observations suggest that the short term monitoring of butterfly assemblages provide monitoring tool for the habitat conservation.

VIEWS 4

Blau WS. 1980. The effect of environmental disturbance on a tropical butterfly population. Ecology 61, 1005-1012. http://dx.doi.org/10.2307/1936.815

Boggs CC, Murphy DD. 1997. Community composition in mountain ecosystems: climatic determinants of montane butterfly distributions. Global Ecology and Biogeography Letters 6, 39-48. http://www.jstor.org/10.2307/2997525

Brown KS, Freitas AVL. 2000. Atlantic forest butterflies: Indicators for landscape conservation. Biotropica 32, 934-956.

Brunzel S, Elligsen H. 1999. Changes of species set and abundance along a short gradient: The impact of weather conditions on the conservation of butterflies. Beitrage zur Entomologie 49, 447-463.

Caldas A, Robbins RK. 2003. Modified Pollard transects for assessing tropical butterfly abundance and diversity. Biological Conservation 110, 211-219.

D’Abrera B. 1998. The Butterflies of Ceylon. Wildlife Heritage Trust, Colombo, Sri Lanka 224 P.

Gamage RN. 2007. An Illustrated Guide to the Butterflies of Sri Lanka. Tharanjee Printers, Maharagama, Sri Lanka, 264 P.

Hamer KC, Hill JK, Benedick S, Mustaffa N, Sherratt TN, Maryati M, Chey VK. 2003. Ecology of butterflies in natural and selectively logged forests of northern Borneo: the importance of habitat heterogeneity. Journal of Applied Ecology 40, 150-162.

Hill J, Gray M, Khen C, Benedick S, Tawatao N, Hamer K. 2011. Ecological impacts of tropical forest fragmentation: how consistent are patterns in species richness and nestedness?. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London 366, 3265–3276.

IUCN  Sri  Lanka  and  the  Ministry  of Environment and Natural Resources and Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources. 2007. The 2007 Red List of Threatened Fauna and Flora of Sri Lanka. Colombo, Sri Lanka, 166 P.

Koh LP. 2007. Impacts of land use change on South-east Asian forest butterflies: a review. Journal of Applied Ecology 44, 703-713. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1365-2664.2007.01324.x

Kremen C. 1992. Assessing the indicator properties of species assemblages for natural areas monitoring. Ecological Applications 2, 203-217. http://www.jstor.org/stable/1941776

Kunte K. 1997. Seasonal patterns in butterfly abundance and species diversity in four tropical habitats in northern Western Ghats. Journal of Biosciences 22, 593-603.

Kunte K. 2000. Butterflies of Peninsular India. University Press, Hyderabad, India, 254 P.

Kunte K, Joglekar A, Utkarsh G, Padmanabhan P. 1999. Patterns of butterfly, bird and tree diversity in the Western Ghats. Current Science 77, 577-586.

Magurran AE. 1988. Ecological Diversity and Its Measurements. Croom Helm Limited, London.

Spitzer K, Jaros J, Havelka J, Laps J. 1997. Effect of small- scale disturbance on butterfly communities of an Indochina montane rainforest. Biological Conservation 80, 9-15.

Summerville KS, Crist TO.  2001. Effects of experimental habitat fragmentation on patch use by butterflies and skippers (Lepidoptera). Ecology 82, 1360-1370. http://www.jstor.org/10.2307/2679995

Walpole MJ, Sheldon IR. 1999. Sampling butterflies in tropical rainforest: an evaluation of a transect walk method. Biological Conservation 87, 85-91. http://kar.kent.ac.uk/id/eprint/1672.4

Waltert M, Bobo KS, Kaupa S, Montoya ML, Nsanyi MS, Fermon H. 2011. Assessing conservation values: biodiversity and endemicity in tropical land use systems. PLoS ONE 6, e16238. http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0016238

Wikramanayake A, Wikramanayake A. 2006. Butterflies of Sri Lanka. 27 Deal Place, Colombo 3, Sri Lanka, 306 P.