Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences I INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | November 1, 2019

| Download

Comparison of heavy metal accumulation in body organs of house sparrow (Passer domesticus) from urban and rural areas of Faisalabad, Pakistan

Umar Nisar, Shahid Hafeez, Khayyam Anjum, Junaid Naseer, Alia Mushtaq

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.15(5), 125-129, November 2019


JBES 2019 [Generate Certificate]


The present study was carried out in 2017-18 to assess the levels of various heavy metals in different body organs of house sparrow (passer domesticus). Twenty house-sparrows, ten from rural and ten from urban areas of Faisalabad, were shooted. All the specimens were washed with distilled water. Dissection was carried out and feathers, bones, heart lungs, and muscles were separated. All organs were dried at 100 centigrade in oven. The samples were grinded and 0.5g of each sample was digested in 4ml concentrated nitric acid. Next day 2ml hydrogen peroxide was added to each sample and samples were heated on a hot plate up to 130 centigrade. 50ml distilled water was added to each sample and preserved in refrigerator. Spectrophotometer was used for determining concentrations of various heavy metals viz. Cd, Co, Cu, Mn, Pb and Zn. The heavy metal found in maximum concentration in rural and urban sparrows was Pb. It was 107.83 and 116mgkg-1 in rural and urban sparrows respectively. The metal found in minimum concentration was Co. It was 0.52mgkg-1 in rural sparrows and 0.42mgkg-1 in urban sparrows respectively.


Copyright © 2019
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Comparison of heavy metal accumulation in body organs of house sparrow (Passer domesticus) from urban and rural areas of Faisalabad, Pakistan

Anonymous. 2014. Hazards of industrial waste highlighted. Dawn newspaper. https://www.dawn. com /news/1138255

Farid G, Sarwar N, Safiullah AA, Ghafoor, Rehman M. 2015. Heavy metals (Cd, Ni and Pb) contamination of soils, plants and water in Madina Town of Faisalabad Metropolitan and preparation of GIS based maps. Adv. Crop. Sci. Tech 4, 199.

Fry DM. 1995. Reproductive effects in birds exposed to pesticides and industrial chemicals. Environ. Health Pros. 103, 165-171.

Gruz A, Deri J, Szemredy G, Szabo K, Komos E, Bartha A, Lehel J and Badai P. 2017. Monitoring of heavy metal burden in wild birds at eastern/north eastern part of Hungary. Env. Sci. Poll. Res 25, 6378-6386.

Hashmi MZ, Malik RN, Shahbaz M. 2013. Heavy metals in egg shells of cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) and little egret (Egretta garzetta) form the Punjab Province, Pakistan. Ecotox and Environ Saf 89, 158-165.

Hill MK. 2010. Understanding environmental pollution. Third edition. Cambridge University Press.

Hossain M,  Uddin K,  Molla A, Afrad MD,  Islam S,  Rahman Mizanur,  Rahman Mustafizur GKM. 2011. Impact of industrial effluents discharges on degradation of natural resources and threat to food security. The Agriculturists 8, 80-87.

Janaydeh M, Ahmad I, Hishamuddin O, Syaizwan ZZ, Mohd HB. 2018. Relationship between Pb and Cd accumulations in house crow, their habitat, and food content from Klang area, Peninsular Malaysia. Env. Monit. Assess 190, 47.

Laxmi R, Arya S, Sultana Aisha, Das Sanjay. 2015. Assessment and impact of industrial effluents on river yamuna ecosystem. Int. J.  Current Res 7, 19956-19963.

Manjula M, Mohanraj R, Devi MP. 2015. Biomonitoring of heavy metals in feathers of eleven common bird species in urban and rural environments of Tiruchirappalli, India. Env. Monit. Assess 187, 267.

Raza A, Mahmoona A, Sana R. 2017. Bioaccumulation and effects of heavy metals in avian fauna of Asian scavenging species: A review. Annals of Life Sciences 1, 9-13.

Salamat N, Daylemi EE, Movahedinia A, Yaghoob M. 2014. Heavy metals in selected tissues and histopathological changes in liver and kidney of common moorhen (Gallinula chloropus) from Anzali wetland, the south Caspian Sea, Iran. Ecotoxicol. Environ. Saf 110, 298-307.

Salwa A, Jaleel A, Othman MS. 2011. Metals concentrations in eggs of domestic avian and estimation of health risk from eggs consumption. J. Bio. Sci 11, 448-453.

Sharma C, Vashishat N. 2017. Assessment of heavy metals in excreta of house crow (Corvus splendens) form different agroecosystems of Ludhiana. Journal of Entomology and Zoology Studies 5, 1891-1895.

Tariq M, Ali M, Shah Z. 2006. Characteristics of industrial effluents and their possible impacts on quality of underground water. Soil and Environ  25, 64-69.

Whelan CJ, Brown JS, Hank AE. 2015. Diet preference in the House Sparrow Passer domesticus: hooked on millet. Bird Study 62, 569-573.

Xiao ZH, Ping DP, Jian GW, Han JL, Chen Q. 2014. Heavy metals in vegetables and the health risk to population in Zhejiang, China. Food cont 36, 248-252.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background