Comparison study of static nutrient film technique with drip irrigation and pasteurized soil for wheat grass production under greenhouse condition

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2019
Views (413) Download (16)

Comparison study of static nutrient film technique with drip irrigation and pasteurized soil for wheat grass production under greenhouse condition

Sohail Raza Haidree Zia-Ul-Haq, Shahid Javed Butt, Talha Mehmood, Abdul Qadeer
Int. J. Biosci.15( 4), 418-422, October 2019.
Certificate: IJB 2019 [Generate Certificate]


Green fodder is a famous animals feed that is made from green crops like legume crops, cereal crops, grass crops or even tree based crops. Green fodder provides required nutrients for milk production. Wheat is one of the most popular fodder. Mostly wheat-grass is cultivated for its seeds, a cereal grain worldwide used as staple food. In Pakistan year-round fodder availability is very important especially in slack period. Nutrient film technique is an improved method to grow wheat-fodder without soil by using nutrients water in channels. The process of growing wheat-fodder hydroponically allows the control of climatic conditions for optimum growth. In hydroponics agriculture, only two weeks are required for the production of wheat-grass due its fast growing habit under protected environment. Keeping in view the importance of fodder, an experiment was conducted at Hydroponic Research Station Rawat, Institute of Hydroponic Agriculture (IHA), PMAS Arid Agriculture University Rawalpindi. The experiment consist of two sizes of static PVC pipes (7.6 & 10.1 cm) and static steel trays (8.8 & 12.5 cm) during the comparative study of static NFT with drip irrigation and pasteurized soil for wheat grass production. Five clusters were selected from each Channel and data recorded for various crop growth parameters like germination rate, cluster height, number of tillers, root length, fresh weight and dry weight was statistical analyzed by using Complete Randomized Design (CRD). It was concluded from the study that NFT proved to be a better technique as compared to drip and pasteurized soil.


Chung TY, Nwokolo EN, Sim JS. 1989. Compositional and digestibility changes in sprouted barley and canola seeds. Plant Foods for Human Nutrition 39(3), 267-278.

El-Morsy AT, Abul-Soud M, Emam MSA. 2014. Localized hydroponic green forage technology as a climate change adaptation under Egyptian conditions. Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 9(6), 341-350.

Jones BJ. 2004. Hydroponics: a practical guide for the soilless grower. CRC press. Boca Raton, FL.

Khoneva MS, Rudenko OV, Usatikov SV, Bugayets NA, Tamova MYU, Fedorova MA, Mogilny MP. 2018. Optimizing technological process of hydroponic germination of wheat grain by graphic method /J. Pharm. Sci. & Res. Vol 10(2), 381-390.

Kruchkin A. 2013. IBISWorld Industry Report OD4012. Hydroponic Crop Farming.

Macabo MM, Du Plooy CP. 2013. High-plant density planting of basil during Summer/fall growth season improves yield in a closed hydroponic system. Acta Agriculturae Scandinavica, Section B-Soil & Plant Sci 63, 748-752.

Naik PK, Swain BK, Singh NP. 2015. Production and utilization of hydroponics fodder. Indian Journal of Animal Nutrition 32(1), 1-9.

Resh HM. 2012. Hydroponic food production: a definitive guidebook for the advanced home gardener and the commercial hydroponic grower. CRC Press.

Resh HM. 2013. Hydroponic Food Production: A Definitive Guidebook for the Advanced Home Gardener and the Commercial Hydroponic Grower. 7th ed. Boca Raton, FL:CRC Press.

Savvas D. 2003. Hydroponics: A modern technology supporting the application of integrated crop management in greenhouse. Food, Agriculture & Environment 1, 80-86.

Silberbush M, Ben-Asher J. 2001. Simulation study of nutrient uptake by plants from soilless cultures as affected by salinity buildup and transpiration. Plant and Soil 233, 59-69.

Starova Jeton. 2016. Hydroponic fodder production. ‘Feed the future programme’ of US Government Broadening horizons #48 10 global hunger & food security initiative in Ethiopia sponsored by USAID.

Treftz C, Omaye ST. 2015. Nutrient Analysis of Soil and Soilless Strawberries and Raspberries Grown in a Greenhouse. Food and Nutrition Sciences 6, 805-815.

UNB. 2017. United News of Bangladesh. Amazing Grass! The Daily Star.

Wetherell D. 1988. Hormonal regulation of wheat growth during hydroponic culture. John F. Kennedy space center University of central Florida Report 446.

Xu X, Loke MK, Leung P. 2015. Is There a Price Premium for Local Food? The Case of the Fresh Strawberry Market in Hawaii. Agricultural and Resource Economics Review 44, 110-123.