Comprehensive Exploration of Phytochemical Composition and Bioactive Potentials (Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities) in Gloriosa superba (Adavinabhi) Rhizomes

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Research Paper 04/05/2024
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Comprehensive Exploration of Phytochemical Composition and Bioactive Potentials (Antioxidant and Antibacterial Activities) in Gloriosa superba (Adavinabhi) Rhizomes

Swetha Boddu, Fouzia Begum, Elizabeth Philip, Sowkya Evangelin Pasala, Devika Tumuluri, Shouni Niveditha Tenali, Madhuri K
Int. J. Biosci.24( 5), 58-70, May 2024.
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Abstract

Gloriosa superba, commonly recognised as Adavinabhi, is a medicinal plant renowned for its traditional uses in various herbal formulations. This research aimed to explore the phytochemical substances and assess the antioxidant and antimicrobial properties of Gloriosa superba rhizomes. The phytochemical analysis involved qualitative and quantitative assessments of various bioactive compounds present in the rhizomes. Standard methods were employed to identify alkaloids, flavonoids, phenols, tannins, terpenoids, and other secondary metabolites. The quantitative estimation revealed significant concentrations of alkaloids and flavonoids, indicating their potential pharmacological relevance. Furthermore, the biological activities of Gloriosa superba rhizomes were studied. The antioxidant action was assessed using established assays such as DPPH (2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl) and ABTS (2,2′-azino-bis(3-ethylbenzothiazoline-6-sulfonic acid)) radical scavenging assays. Results demonstrated potent antioxidant potential, suggesting the plant’s capability to neutralize free radicals and mitigate oxidative stress. Additionally, the antimicrobial activity of Gloriosa superba rhizomes was assessed against a panel of pathogenic microorganisms, including bacteria and fungi. The plant extract exhibited significant antimicrobial effects, highlighting its potential as a natural source for antimicrobial agents. In the present study revealed that Gloriosa superba rhizomes are rich in bioactive compounds, especially alkaloids and flavonoids. The plant demonstrates notable antioxidant and antimicrobial activities, emphasizing its potential in the development of therapeutic agents. Further investigations deserve to isolate and describe specific compounds accountable for these pharmacological activities, paving the way for the development of novel pharmaceuticals and herbal remedies.

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