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A conclusion helps the reader understand why your research should matter to them after they have finished reading the paper. A conclusion is not merely a summary of the main topics covered or a re-statement of your research problem but a synthesis of key points and, if applicable, where you recommend new areas for future research. For most essays, one well-developed paragraph is sufficient for a conclusion, although in some cases, a two or three-paragraph conclusion may be required.

A well-written conclusion gives you important opportunities to exhibit to the reader your overall understanding of the research problem. These include:

  • Presenting the last word on the issues you raised in your paper.
  • Summarizing your thoughts and conveying the larger significance of your study.
  • Demonstrating the importance of your ideas.
  • Introducing possible new or expanded ways of thinking about the research problem.

The Conclusions section is the main element of a research article. Carefully focus the sequences:

  • State whether your aims have been achieved
  • Give a brief summary of the key findings
  • Highlight the major outcomes and their significance
  • Recommend future works
  • State the possibility of commercialization potential or practical application of the outcome.

Do not re-write the abstract as a conclusion. State your conclusions in clear, simple language. It is important to include the practical implications of your research in the Conclusions chapter; discussing what the implications are for practitioners, companies, etc. Novice researchers tend to concentrate purely on the results and forget about the implications. The Conclusions must be in line with the previous sections and should not present totally new results. The implications should, however, be discussed.

Negative aspects of the research process should never be ignored. Problems, drawbacks, and challenges encountered during your study should be summarized as a way of qualifying your overall conclusions. In the conclusion, use your summary of the negative results as an opportunity to explain how they provide information on which future research can be based.

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