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Contribution of genetic x temperature interaction to performance and variance of rice yield in Indonesia

Desta Wirnas, Ragil Homsyatun Mubarrozzah, Mildatus Noviarini, Siti Marwiyah, Trikoesoemaningtyas, Hajrial Aswidinnoor, Surjono Hadi Sutjahjo

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Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.6(4), 112-119, April 2015


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Efforts to maintain rice productivity grown under global temperature changing is growing high temperature tolerant varieties. Rice varieties available today are sensitive to high temperature so that the development of varieties for adaptation to high temperature is required. Rice was grown at two temperature conditions, first at the natural temperature (in the open ground) and the second at the high temperature conditions (in the green house). The experiment was arranged in a randomized complete block design with three replications. The results showed that there were significant differences among the varieties evaluated for all traits observed. The results also showed that plant height, time to heading, time to flowering, and panicle lenght were not affected by temperature conditions. Some traits were affected by genotypes x temperature conditions. Based on this study, the varieties that could maintain their yield under high temperature conditions were Situ Patenggang, Mekongga, Kalimutu, and IPB 6R. The varieties could be used as genetic material in breeding program for adaptation to high temperature conditions.


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