Cultivation of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with an effective Biofertilizer for sustainable farming

Paper Details

Research Paper 03/03/2024
Views (173) Download (11)

Cultivation of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with an effective Biofertilizer for sustainable farming

Alif Hossain, Mahbubur Rahman Khan, Md. Mahmudul Hasan, Md. Nurun Nabi Mazumder, Sarmin Jannat, Saiyera Chowdhury, Md. Azizul Haque
Int. J. Biosci.24( 3), 59-67, March 2024.
Certificate: IJB 2024 [Generate Certificate]


The French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.), also utilized as tender young fruits and as a pulse, is a member of the Fabaceae family. This experiment was carried out in the BINA sub-station Sunamganj research field (25°03’02.2″N and 91°25’09.2″E) to determine the suitability of Rhizobium biofertilizer for French beans with regard to the yield of green fruits and vegetables. There were seven treatments with four French bean biofertilizer as control, FBR-1, FBR-2, FBR-3, FBR-4, N15, and N30. The design of the experiment was RCBD with three replications. The BARI French bean-3 was utilized as a test crop. With FBR treatment with N30, there was an improved yield and yield parameters such as plant height, root length, nodule number, pod plant-1, pod length, weight and yield. The highest number of nodule (2.67) was produced from FBR-1 treatment and treatment FBR-3 showed statistically similar nodule number with FBR-1 treatment and there were no nodule at all in control plots, N15 and N30 treatments, respectively. In case of effective nodule treatments FBR-3 produced highest effective nodule (1.33) and others were similar fashion observed as nodule number. The highest yield (4.94 t ha-1) was produced from N30 treatment followed by FBR-4 (4.56 t ha-1) and FBR-1 (4.41 t ha-1), FBR-2 (4.21 t ha-1), and FBR-3 (4.48 t ha-1) treatments, respectively. There was a significant effect of French bean Rhizobium (FBR) biofertilizer on growth and yield contributing characters in French bean production which is low cost and sustainable inputs for French bean cultivation.


Ali M, Kushwaha BL. 1987. Cultivation of rabirajmash in plains. Indian Farm 31(2), 2023.

Bahadur A, Singh J, Singh KP. 2004. Response ofcabbage to organic manures and biofertilizers. Indian Journal of Horticulture 61(3), 278-279.

Biofertilizer Manual. 2006. Forum for Nuclear Cooperation in Asia (FNCA) March, 2006.

Chen J. 2006. The Combined Use of Chemical and Organic Fertilizers and/or Biofertilizer for Crop Growth and Soil Fertility. International Workshop on Sustained Management of the Soil-Rhizosphere System for Efficient Crop Production and Fertilizer Use, Bangkok, 1-11.

Galvan MZ, Bornet B, Balatti PA, Branchard M. 2003. Inter simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers as a tool for the assessment of both genetic diversity and gene pool origin in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Euphytica. 132, 297-301.

Gomez KA, Gomez AA. 1984. Statistical procedures for agricultural research (second edition). An International Rice Research Institute Book. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., USA. 139-240 p.

Jan R, Ali T, Mushtaq N, Bhat SA, Nabi BB, Farooq K. 2019. Effect of integratednitrogen management on growth performance of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) var. Contendorunder temperate conditions of Kashmir valley. Current Journal of Applied Science and Technology 38(6), 1-9.

Kakon SS, Bhuiya MSU, Hossain, SMA, Naher Q, Bhuiyan MD. 2016. Effect of nitrogen and phosphorus on growth and seed yield of French bean. Bangladesh Journal of Agricultural Research 41(4), 759-772.

Kopittke PM, Menzies NW, Wang P. 2019. Soil and the intensification of agriculture for global food security. Environment International 132, 105078.

Malusá E, Vassilev N. 2014. A contribution to set a legal framework for biofertilisers. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology 98(15), 6599–6607.

Nazrul MI and Shaheb MR. 2016. Performance of french bean (phaseolus vulgaris l.) genotypes in sylhet region of Bangladesh. Bangladesh Agronomy Journal 19(1), 37-44 p.

Meena JK, Chamola BP, Pant NC, Singh KK, Rana DK. 2018. Effect of integrated nutrient management on yield & growth performance of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under subtropical conditions of Garhwal Hills. International Journal of Communication Systems 6(2), 3356-3358.

Nath BS, Das A. 2018. Biofertilizers: A Sustainable Approach for Pulse Production. In R. S. Meena, A. Das, G. S. Yadav& R. Lal (Eds.), Legumes for Soil Health and Sustainable Management. 445-485 p. Singapore: Springer.

Pankievicz VCS, Irving TB, Maia LGS, Ane, JM. 2019. Are we there yet? The long walk towards the development of efficient symbiotic associations between nitrogen-fixing bacteria and non-leguminous crops. BMC Biology 17(1).

Patil HJ, Solanki MK. 2016. Microbial inoculant: modern era of fertilizers and pesticides. In: Microbial inoculants in sustainable agricultural productivity: 1, research perspectives. Springer, New Delhi, 319–343 p.

Prabhakar M, Hebbar SS, Nair AK. 2011. Growth and yield of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under organic farming. Journal of Applied Horticulture 13(1), 72-73.

Prakash J and Ram RB. 2014. Genetic variability, correlation and path analysis for seed yield and yield related traits in French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) under Lucknow conditions. International Journal of Innovative Science Engineering and Technology 6(1), 41-50.

Ramana V, Ramakrishna M, Purushotham K, Reddy KB. 2011. Effect of bio-fertilizers on growth, yield and quality of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). Vegetable Science 38(1), 35-38.

Reyes JO, Bendezú SG, Joaquín AH. 2016. Molybdenum and Cobalt Application in Bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) with Two Fertilization Systems under No-Tillage. Journal of Agricultural Science and Technology B, 72 p.

Roy SK, Karim MA, Islam AKMA, Bari MN, Mian MAK, Tetsushi H. 2006. Relationship between yield and its component characters of bush bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.). South Pacific Stud. 27(1), 13-23.

Sharma R, Verma ML. 2011. Effect of rhizobium, farm yard manure and chemical fertilizers on sustainable production and profitability of rajmash (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) and soil fertility in dry temperate region of north western Himalayas. Legume Research 34(4), 251-258.

Singh A, Kumar M, Verma S. 2020. Plant microbiome: Trends and prospects for sustainable agriculture. In: Varma A, Tripathi S, Prasad R. (Eds): Plant microbe symbiosis. Springer, Cham, 129–151

Singh NI. Chauhan JS. 2009. Response of french bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) to organic manures and inorganic fertilizer on growth and yield parameters under irrigated condition. Natural science 7(5), 52-54.

Smithson JB, Edge OT, Giller KE. 1993.  Diagnosis and correction of soil nutrient problem of common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) in the Usambara mountains of Tanzania Journal of Agricultural Science Cambridge. 120, 233-240.

Sprent JI. 2001. Nodulation in legumes: Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew.

Thakur RN, Arya PS, Thakur SK. 1999. Response of French bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) varieties to fertilizer levels, rhizobium inoculation and their residual effect on onion (Allium cepa) in mid hills of north western Himalayas. Indian Journal of Agronomy 44, 416-418.

Thakur S, Thakur R, Mehta DK. 2018. Effect of biofertilizers on horticultural and yield traits in French bean var. Contender under dry temperate conditions of Kinnaur district of Himachal Pradesh. Journal of Applied and Natural Science 10(1), 421-424.

Timmusk S, Behers L, Muthoni J. 2017. Perspectives and challenges of microbial application for crop improvement. Front Plant Science 8, 49.

Umesha S, Singh PK, Singh RP. 2018. “Microbial biotechnology and sustainable agriculture,” in Biotechnology for Sustainable Agriculture, Chap. 6, eds R. L. Singh and S. Monda (Sawston: Woodhead Publishing): 185-205.

USDA Farm Bill. 1990. United States Congress, 1990. Food, Agriculture, Conservation, and Trade Act of 1990, Public Law 101-624.  Title XVI,Subtitle A, Section 1603. Washington, DC: US Government.

Vessey JK. 2003. Plant Growth Promoting Rhizobacteria as Biofertilizers. Plant and Soil 255, 571-586.

Willems A. 2006. The taxonomy of rhizobia: An overview. Plant Soil 287(1-2), 3-14.