Current status of fish fauna at head Khanki, river Chenab, Pakistan

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/10/2016
Views (244) Download (5)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Current status of fish fauna at head Khanki, river Chenab, Pakistan

Maria Latif, Khalid Pervaiz, Imtiaz Begum Minhas, Samavia Latif
J. Bio. Env. Sci.9( 4), 279-285, October 2016.
Certificate: JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Present study was conducted to access fish diversity at head Khanki situated on river Chenab, Punjab, Pakistan. Various fishing techniques were employed to capture maximum number of fish species from the sampling sites during the period September 2015 to May 2016. A total of 1029 fish specimens belonging to 34 species, 28 genera, 12 families and six orders were recorded from the study area. Order Siluriformes was found dominant contributing five families (41.7%) followed by Perciformes contributing three families (25%) to the present collection. On the basis of number and percentage contribution family Cyprinidae was found dominant contributing 14 genera (50%) and 18 species (52.9%). Overall fish catches were dominated with indigenous species along with four exotic species Cyprinus carpio, Ctenopharyngodon idella, Hypophthalmicthyus molitrix and Oreochromis niloticus. The values for Shannon-Weaver diversity (H’), Margalef’s richness and Pielou’s (E) evenness indices were 3.30, 10.9 and 0.94 respectively. Various anthropogenic stresses such as aquatic pollution, habitat destruction, and introduction of alien species are responsible for low fish species diversity and evenness at head Khanki. Effective conservation measures are strongly recommended to sustain the populations of commercially important fishes in this river.

VIEWS 15

Afzal M, Javed MN, Mirza MR. 1995. Fishes of river Chenab in district Jhang. Biologia Pakistan 4, 133-137.

Ahmed Z, Mirza MR. 2002. Fishes of river Ravi from Lahore to Head Balloki. Biologia Pakistan 48(1, 2), 317-322.

Altaf M, Javid A, Khan AM, Hussain A, Umair M, Ali Z. 2015. The status of fish diversity of river Chenab, Pakistan. Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 25(3-2), 564- 569.

Altaf M, Khan AM, Umair M, Chattha SA. 2008. Diversity and threats to Indian and Chinese carps of river Chenab in Pakistan. Punjab University Journal of Zoology 23(1-2), 9-17.

Altaf M, Khan AM, Umair M, Irfan M, Munir MA, Ahmed Z. 2011a. Ecology and diversity of freshwater fishes of head Qadirabad, Gujranwala. Punjab University Journal of Zoology 26(1), 1- 7.

Altaf M, Khan AM, Umair M, Chattha SA. 2011b. Diversity of Carps in River Chenab, Pakistan. Punjab University Journal of Zoology 26(2), 107-114.

Brown LR, Gray RH, Hughes RM, Meader MR. 2005. Effects of urbanization on stream ecosystem. American fisheries society symposium 47, Berthasda, Maryland USA.

Hill MO. 1973. Diversity and its evenness, a unifying notation and its consequences. Ecology 54, 427-432.

Hussain A, Ashraf M, Altaf M, Khan WA, Akmal M, Qazi JI. 2016. Relative diversity and threats to commercially important fishes of the Ravi, Pakistan. Biologia Pakistan 61(1), 145-149.

Iqbal Z, Pervaiz K, Javed MN. 2013. Population dynamics of Tor macrolepis (Teleostei: Cyprinidae) and other fishes of Attock region, Pakistan. Canadian journal of pure and applied sciences 7(1), 2195-2201.

Javed MN, Zafar A, Shahbaz M, Mirza MR. 1997. Biodiversity of fishes of the river Chenab between Khanki and Qadirabad in Pakistan. Biologia Pakistan 43(2), 149-156.

Khan AM, Ali Z, Shelly SY, Ahmad Z, Mirza MR. 2011. Aliens; A catastrophe for native freshwater fish diversity in Pakistan. Journal of Animals and Plants Sciences 21, 435-440.

Khan AM, Shakir HA, Abid M, Mirza MR. 2008. Ichthyofaunal survey of some fresh water reservoirs in Punjab. Journal of Animals and Plants Sciences 18(4), 151-154.

Khan MI, Irshad R, Saga FH. 1991. Fishes of river Chenab in Multan district. Biologia 37(1), 23-25.

Latif M, Siddiqui S, Minhas IB, Latif S. 2016a. Diversity and abundance of fish fauna at head Marala, Chenab river, Punjab, Pakistan. Canadian journal of pure and applied sciences 10(3), 3971-3979.

Latif M, Siddiqui S, Minhas IB, Latif S. 2016b. Studies on Icthyofaunal diversity of head Qadirabad, river Chenab, Punjab, Pakistan. International journal of Fisheries and aquatic studies 4(6), 25-29.

Margelf R. 1958. Temporal succession and spatial heterogeneity in phytoplankton. In: Perspective in Marine Biology. Ed. A.A. Buzzati-Traverso, California, USA: University of California Press 323- 347p.

Mirza MR, Javed MN. 2003. Fishes of the river Chenab in Pakistan. Biologia 49(1,2), 57-64.

Mirza MR, Khan AJ. 1988. Fishes of Marala, Sialkot district, Pakistan. Biologia Pakistan 34, 151-153.

Mirza MR, Sandhu IA. 2007. Fishes of the Punjab, Pakistan. Polymer Publications, Pakistan.

Mirza MR, Sharif HM. 1996. A Key to the fishes of Punjab. Ilmi Katab Ghar, Urdu Bazar, Lahore.

Mirza MR. 2003. Checklist of freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Pakistan journal of Zoology 3, 1-30.

Mirza Z, Javed M, Mirza M. 2006. Fishes of the river Jhelum from Mangla to Jalalpur near head Rasool. Biologia (Pakistan) 52(2), 215-227.

Mirza ZS, Mirza MR, Mirza MA, Sulehria AQK. 2011. Icthyofaunal diversity of the River Jhelum, Pakistan. Biologia Pakistan 57(1,2), 23-32.

Muhammad I, Hasan Z, Ullah S, Ullah Waheed, Ullah H. 2014. A preliminary survey of fish fauna of river Panjkora at district Upper Dir, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Pakistan. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental sciences 5(1), 362-368.

Nagabhushan CM, Hosetti BB. 2010. Diversity and Icthyo-fauna in relation to physico-chemical characters of Tungabhadara reservoir, Hospet. Wetland, Biodiversity and Climate change 1- 9p.

Qadir A, Malik RN, Ahmad T, Sabir AM. 2009. Patterns and Distribution of Fish Assemblage in Nullah Aik and Nullah Palkhu Sialkot, Pakistan. Biological Diversity and Conservation 2(2), 110-124.

Qazi MB, Mirza MR, Javed MN. 2000. Fishes of Bajwat area district Sialkot, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Fisheries 1(1), 41-48.

Rafique M, Khan NUH. 2012. Distribution and status of significant freshwater fishes of Pakistan. Record of Zoological Survey of Pakistan 21, 90-95.

Rahman MM, Hossain MY, Ahamed F, Fatematuzzhura SBR, Abdullah EM, Ohtomi J. 2012. Biodiversity in the Padma Distributary of the Ganges River, Northwestern Bangladesh: Recommendations for Conservation. World Journal of Zoology 7(4), 328-337.

Shannon CE, Weaver W. 1963. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. Urbana: University of Illinois Press 31-35p.