Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Days to Silking, Stover Yield and Soil Electrical Conductivity of Maize Hybrid -Babar As Affected by Nitrogen and Sulfur Applied in Different Combinations

Research Paper | March 1, 2017

| Download 3

Muhammad Anees Afsar, Shad Khan Khalil, Imranuddin, Ahmad Khan, Iftikhar Hussain Khalil

Key Words:

Int. J. Biosci.10( 3), 199-208, March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.3.199-208


IJB 2017 [Generate Certificate]


Maize is the 2nd important crop after wheat in Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. It needs greater amount of nutrients particularly nitrogen (N) and sulfur (S). Application of N and S at different growth stages enhances growth and yield of maize. Therefore, its effect in various ratios needs to be quantified on maize hybrid Babar. Four N levels (120, 160, 200, 240 kg ha-1), four S levels (20, 25, 30, 35 kg ha-1) applied in three ratios R1 (10:50:40), R2 (20:50:30) and R3 (30:50:20) i.e. 10, 20 and 30 % of required N and S  were applied at sowing, 50% of required N and S  were applied at V8, while 40, 30 and 20% of required N and S were applied at tasseling stage in R1, R2 and R3, ratios respectively. Combinations of all these treatments along with control were assessed in two year field experiments at Agronomy, Research Farm, The University of Agriculture Peshawar Pakistan. N, S and control vs. fertilized significantly affected days to silking (DTS), stover yield (SY) and soil electrical conductivity (EC) over the years, whereas days to 50% emergence (DTE) were non-significantly affected. Delayed DTS (66 days) were observed with application of 240 kg N ha-1, 30 kg S ha-1, 30:50:20 ratio of N and S application. Highest SY (7147 kg ha-1) was observed with application of 240 kg N ha-1, 35 kg S ha-1, R3 (30:50:20). Maximum soil EC (0.246 d S m-1) was observed with 240 kg N ha-1, 30 kg S ha-1, 30:50:20 ratio of N and S application. Application of 200 kg N ha-1, 35 kg S ha-1, R3 (30:50:20) performed better than other treatments and is recommended for obtaining higher yield of maize  hybrid Babar  in Peshawar valley.


Copyright © 2017
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Days to Silking, Stover Yield and Soil Electrical Conductivity of Maize Hybrid -Babar As Affected by Nitrogen and Sulfur Applied in Different Combinations

Ahmad A, Abdin MZ. 1998. Interactive effect of sulfur and nitrogen on the oil and protein conctent and on the fatty acid profiles of oil in the seeds of rapeseed (Brassica campestris L.) and mustard (Brassica juncea L. Cezrn. and Coss). Journal of Agronomy and Crop Sciences 185(1), 49-54. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1439037X.2000.00401.x

Amanullah R, Khattak A, Khalil SK. 2009. Effects of plant density and N on phenology and yield of maize. Journal of Plant Nutrition. 32, 246-260. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/01904160802592714

Azeem K, Khalil SK, Khan F, Shahenshah S, Qahar A, Sharif M, Zamin M.  201. Phenology, yield and yield components of maize as affected by humic acid and nitrogen. Journal of Agricultural Sciences 6, 284-286.

Black CA. 1965. Methods of soil analysis. Part-II. Soil Science Society of America Madison, Wiconsin. USA.

Bremner JM, Mulvaney CS. 1982. Nitrogen-total. In A.L.Page., R.H. Miller., and D.R. Keenay. Methods of soil analysis. Part 22nd. Agronomy Journal 9, 595-621.

Ciampitti IA, Vyn TJ. 2010. A comprehensive study of plant density consequences on nitrogen uptake dynamics of maize plants from vegetative to reproductive stages. Journal of Agronomy and Crop Sciences 185(1), 49-54.

Derby NE, Steele DD, Terpstra J, Knighton RE, Casey FX. 2005. Interactions of nitrogen, weather, soil, and irrigation on corn yield. Agronomy Journal 97(5), 1342-1351.

Dev G, Sharma PK. 1988. Sulfur fertilization of cereals for yield and quantity. TSIFAI Symposium on sulfur in Indian Agriculture  held on 9-11 at New Delhi, 1-11 P.

El-Sheikh FT. 1998. Effect of plant population densities on nitrogen use efficiency of some maize varieties. Annals of Agricultural Science Moshtohor Journal. 36(1), 143-162.

Garcia LF, Morena I, Ramos JM. 1999. Effects of nitrogen and foliar sulfur interaction on grain yield and yield components in barley. Journal of Agronomy & Crop Sciences 183, 287-295.

Hayat Y, Hussain Z, Khalil SK, Khan ZH, Ikramullah Ali M, Shah T, Shah F. 2015. Effect of nitrogen and foliar sulphur application on growth and yield of two wheat varieties grown in northern Pakistan. ARPN Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 10(4), 139-145.

Jamal A, Ko K, Kim HS, Ch YK, Joung H.   2009. Role of genetic factors and environmental conditions in recombinant protein production for plant molecular biofarming. Biotechnology Advances 27, 914-923. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.biotechadv.2009.07.004.

Jamal A, Yong-Sun M, Abdin MZ. 2010. Sulfur -a general overview and interaction with nitrogen. Australian Journal of Crop Sciences. 4(7), 523-529.

Khalil SK, Shah P. 2008. Crops Science Practical manual. Chapter 7. Crop growth stages. Department of Agronomy, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar.  103-104 P.

Khan MJ, Hafeez M, Khattak RA, Jan MT. 2006. Response of maize to different levels of sulfur. Soil Science and Plant Analysis. 37(1), 41–51. https://doi.org/10.1080/00103620500403804

Koehler FE, Moudre CD, McNeal BL. 1984. Laboratory manual for soil fertility. Washington State University Pluman, USA. 

Mahmood T. 1994. Impact of water and nutrient management on growth, yield and quality of maize (Zea mays L.), PhD Thesis, Department of Agronomy, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

McClean EO. 1982. Soil pH and lime requirement. P. 209-223. In A. L. Page., R. H. Miller and D. R. Keeny, (ed) Methods of Soil Analysis, Part 2 2nd ed. American Soil Society. Agronomy Journal 9, 199-208.

MINFAL. 2009. Agricultural Statistics of Pakistan. Govt of Pak, Ministry of Food, Agric, and Livestock, division (Economic Wing) Islamabad.

Monasterio R, Sayre KD, Rajaram S, McMahon M. 1997. Genetic progress in wheat yield and nitrogen use efficiency under four nitrogen rates. Crop Sciences 37(3), 898-904. https://doi.10.2135/cropsci1997.0011183X003700030033x

Nelson DW, Sommers L.E. 1982. Total carbon, organic carbon and organic matter: In: A.L. Page, R.H. Miller and D.R. Keeney) Methods of soil analysis. Part 2 Chemical and Microbiological Properties, 539-579 P.

Randall G,  Schmitt M. 2004. Strategies for split N applications in 2004. Wisconsin Fertilizer, Aglime & Pest Management Conference. 43, 60-67.

Randhawa PS, Arora CL. 2000. Phosphorus and sulfur interaction effects on dry matter yield and nutrient uptake by wheat. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Sciences 48(3), 536-540.

Rasheed M, Mahmood T, Nazir MS. 2003. Response of hybrid maize to different planting methods and nutrient management. Pakistan Journal of Agriculture Science 40, 39-42.

Sarwar G, Hussain N, Schhmeisky H, Suhammad S, Ibrahim M, Ahmad S. 2008. Efficiency of various organic residues for enhancing rice wheat production under normal soil conditions. Pakistan. Journal of Botany 40(5), 2107-2113.

Sawyer J, Mallarino T. 2007. Nutrient removal when harvesting corn stover. Integrated Crop Management Newsletter, IC-498(22)  August 6, 2007 edition. Iowa State University: http://www.ipm.iastate.edu/ipm/icm/2007/8- 6/nutrients.html

Scherer HW.  2009. Sulfur in soils. J. Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, 172, 326–335. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/jpln.200900037

Selvakumari G, Baskar M, Jayanthi D, Mathan KK. 2000. Effect of integration of fly ash with fertilizers and organic manures on nutrient availability, yield and nutrient uptake of rice in Alfisols. Journal of the Indian Society of Soil Science, 48, 268-278.

Shanahan JF. 2011. Determining optimum nitrogen rates for corn crop. Insights, Vol. 21, No. 2. Pioneer Hi-Bred, Johnston, Iowa. Online (Verified/29/2011): Template.Content/Guid.C0e17b72-9aac-0bff-5006-945def94544  Http://Www.Pioneer.Com/Home/Site/Us/Agronomy/Library/

Singh D, Chibba IM. 1991. Evaluation of some sources of sulfur using maize and wheat as test crops. Journal of Indian Society of Soil Science 39, 514-516.

Steel RGD, Torrie JH, Dickey D. 1997. Principles and Procedures of Statistics. McGraw-Hill, USA.

Tandon HLS. 1986. Sulfur research and agricultural production in India. Fertilizer Development and Consultation Organization, New Delhi, 70 P.

Toor MS. 1990. Effect of NPK application on the growth and yield of new maize genotype planted in the two geometrical patterns. M.Sc. (Hons.) Agriculture Thesis, Department of Agronomy., University of Agriculture, Faisalabad.

Zeidan MS, Amany AB, El-Kramany MF. 2006. Effect of N-fertilizer and plant density on yield and quality of maize in sandy soils. Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences 2(4), 156-61.