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Demographic parameters of Bactrocera cucurbitae and Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera:Tephritidae) pests of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) during the seasons of year in the South of Côte d’Ivoir

Assi Apie Nadège Marina, Aboua Louis Roi Nondenot, Obodji Adagba, Kadio Ekien Alloua Ahébé Bertille, N’Guessan Ehikpa Naomie Melinand

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Int. J. Biosci.10(3), 63-71, March 2017

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/10.3.63-71

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Abstract

Bactrocera cucurbitae and Bactrocera dorsalisare the major pests of cucumber (Cucumis sativus), in Côte d’Ivoire. A study of the biological parameters of these species was carried out during the four seasons of the year for effective control. The experiments were performed in semi-natural conditions in the orchard and in the conditions of ambient laboratory environment. A specific breeding B. cucurbitae and B. dorsalis has been taken. The different biological parameters have been determined. The study revealed that the numbers of eggs laid by the females of both flies species were higher in the rainy season than during the dry season. The duration of egg incubation was longer at B. dorsalis than at B. cucurbitae during the four seasons. The duration of the development cycle of the two flies was shorter in the rainy season than during the rainy season. The emergence rate of B. cucurbitae was ranged between 44.10 ± 0.19 and 51.70 ± 0.17 % and the emergence rate of B. dorsalis was ranged between 28.70 ± 0.18 and 33.80 ± 0.16 %. Longest life was recorded at adult B. cucurbitae.. Adult females have lived alongside adult males, in both species, in four seasons. The study on the biology of these two fruit flies showed that B. cucurbitae was a serious pest in all the views of the various parameters studied. These results allow a better determination of the periods and means of intervention in the control of B. cucurbitae and B. dorsalis

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Demographic parameters of Bactrocera cucurbitae and Bactrocera dorsalis (Diptera:Tephritidae) pests of cucumber (Cucumis sativus) during the seasons of year in the South of Côte d’Ivoir

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