Description of Hilda cameroonensis sp.n. (Hemiptera: Tettigometridae) new species of Hildinae associated with Vernonia amygdalina Delile (Asteraceae) from Cameroon

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2016
Views (249) Download (8)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Description of Hilda cameroonensis sp.n. (Hemiptera: Tettigometridae) new species of Hildinae associated with Vernonia amygdalina Delile (Asteraceae) from Cameroon

Joseph Lebel Tamesse, Lidy Flore Dongmo
J. Bio. Env. Sci.9( 2), 156-164, August 2016.
Certificate: JBES 2016 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Vernonia amygdalina Del., commonly called bitter leaf, is a perennial schrub that belongs to the family Asteraceae and grows throughout tropical Africa. It is probably the most used medicinal plant in the genus Vernonia. Extracts of the plant have been used in various folk medicines’ as remedies against helminthic, protozoal and bacterial infections with scientific support for these claims. The leaves suffered serious damages caused by insect pests. In Cameroon, a new species of the genus Hilda, is reported for the first time on Vernonia amygdalina and cause the leaves shrivelled. All instars nymphs and adults of this new species are described: eggs have a peduncle in one extremity and their median portion is convex; for the fifth instar larval, metatibia of metathoracic leg bearing nine spines in their ventral view; For the adult, antenna are type IV, head and tegmina structure are similar as the same structure described for all Hildiniens species, metathoracic leg have eight spurs in distal end of tibiae, seven spurs in first segment of tarsus, two spurs in second and, third segments has two claws and arolium; male genitalia so complex, with anal tube short, edeagus long tubulous and devided into two parts, and pygophor wear silks in their apical ends. These characters permit us to identify this new specie in the genus Hilda, species Hilda cameroonensis sp.n.

VIEWS 8

Alènè DC, Djiéto-Lordon C, Burckhardt D. 2011. Unusual behaviour- unusual morphology: mutualistic relationships between ants (Hymenoptera: Formicidae) and Diaphorina enderleini (Hemiptera: Psylloidea), associated with Vernonia amygdalina (Asteraceae). African Invertebrates 52 (2), 353-361.

Banjo AD, Larval OA, Aina SA. 2006. Insects associated with some medicinal plants in South-Western Nigeria. World Journal of Zoology 1, 40- 53.

Bigendako JM, Bukuru J, Meri C. 1995. Bilan d’enquêtes ethnobotaniques et ethnopharma cognosiques sur les plantes médicinales du Burundi. Pharmacopée et Médecine Traditionnelle Africaine. CRUPHAMET, 61-62.

Bourgoin Th. 1988. The world distribution of Tettigometidae (Fulgoroidea): some questions. Tymbal 11, 15-16.

Bourgoin T, Steffen-Campbell JD, Campbell BC. 1996. Molecular phylogeny of Fulgoromorpha (Insect Hemiptera, Archaeorrhyncha). The Enigmatic Tettigometridae: Evolutionary affiliations and Historical Biogeography cladistics 13, 207-224.

Chiou-Ling C, Chung-Tu Y. 1996. Antennal Sensory Plaque Organs of Tettigometridae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Chinese Journal of Entomology 16, 35-40.

Fan Cheng W, ChernChuih W, Hsu A, KwongHuat BT. 2013. The anticanceral activities of Vernonia amygdalina. Extract of Human Breast cancer cell lines are mediated throughtcaspase-dependent and P53-independent parthways. Plos ONE 8(10), 15p.

Farombi O, Owoeye EO. 2011. Antioxydative and ChemopreventiveProperties of Vernonia amygdalina and Garcinia biflavonoid. International Journal of Environnemental Research and Public Health 8 (6), 2533- 2555.

Fennah RG. 1952. On the classification of the Tettigometridae (Homoptera: Fulgoroidea). Transaction of Royal Entomological Society of London 103 (7), 239-255.

Fontem DA, Berinyuy JE, Schippers RR. 2003. Selecting promising varieties from farmers landraces an experience from Cameroon. www.underutilized-species.org/events/w_shop_leipzig_documents/plenary_presentation s/d_f/d_f.pdf.

Hamilton AKG. 2011. Making sense of fulgoroidea (Hemiptera): new phylogenetic evidence. Cicadina 12, 57-79.

Ijeh II, Ejike CECC. 2011. Current perspectives on the medicinal potentials of Vernonia amygdalina Del. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(7), 1051-1061.

Iwu MM. 2002. Introduction: Therapeutic agents from ethnomedicine. In Iwu MM., Wootton JC editors. Advances in Phytomedicine, Volum 1: Ethnomedicine and drug discovery, Elsevier Science B.V. Amsterdam, 12p.

Kabeh JD, Jalingo MGDSS. 2007. Pesticidal effect of bitter leaf plant Vernonia amygdalina (Compositae) leaves and pirimiphosphomethyl on larvae of Callosobruchus maculates (Coleoptera : Bruchidae) and Sitophilus zeamais (Coleoptera : Curculionidae). International Journal of Agricultural Biology 9, 452-454.

Kahane R, Temple L, Brat P, De Bone H. 2005. Les légumes feuilles des pays tropicaux : diversité, richesse économique et valeur santé dans un contexte très fragile. Colloque d’Angers : les légumes, un patrimoine à transmettre et à valoriser ; thème III : utilisation et perception 3-14.

Minja E, Zitsanza E, Mviha P, Sohati P. 1999. A note on Host Plants for the Groundnut Plant Hopper, Hilda patruelis, in Southern Africa. IAN 19, 35-36.

Muir F. 1923. On the classification of the Fulgoroidea (Homoptera). Proceeding Hawaiian Entomological Society 5 (2), 205-245.

Sani AA, Taiwo AE, Ojuolape AR. 2012. A study review of Documented Pytochemistry of Vernonia amygdalina (Family Asteraceae) as the Basic for Pharmacologic Activity of Plant Extract. Journal of Natural Sciences Research 2 (7), 1- 8.

Weaving AJS. 1980. Observation on Hilda patruelis Stäl (Homoptera: Tettigometridae) and its infestation of groundnuts crops in Rhodesia. Journal Entomologic of South Africa 43, 151-167.

Yeap SK, Wan YH, Boon K, Woon SL, HuynhKy, Abdul HNY, Noorjahan BA. 2010. Vernonia amygdalina, an ethnoveterinary and ethnomedical used green vegetable with multiple bio-activities. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 4(25), 2787-2812.