Design, fabrication and testing of essential oil extractors for quality production of essential oils from fruit wastes

Paper Details

Research Paper 07/07/2023
Views (708) Download (97)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Design, fabrication and testing of essential oil extractors for quality production of essential oils from fruit wastes

Julius T. Capili
J. Bio. Env. Sci.23( 1), 13-26, July 2023.
Certificate: JBES 2023 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This research paper focuses on the development of a mechanical system for extracting essential oil, considering its wide range of applications in medicine, perfumery, manufacturing, and pharmaceuticals. The study aims to address the need for efficient essential oil extraction, particularly from fruit wastes, by employing a direct steam distillation process using two prototype machines: a direct heat extractor and an electrically powered extractor. The research initially explored various design concepts, eventually narrowing down to the two most efficient options based on evaluations by technical experts. Comprehensive evaluations were conducted to finalize the specifications, materials, and manufacturing processes required for fabricating the essential oil extractors. The resulting prototypes underwent pre-testing to identify and rectify any minor issues prior to a thorough evaluation of their efficiency in extracting essential oil. Furthermore, the characteristics of the oil produced were also assessed. The results demonstrate that both prototype machines are capable of extracting essential oil; however, the direct heat extractor outperformed the electrically powered extractor in terms of several key factors. These factors include the percentage yield of essential oil, production cost, ease of oil extraction, durability, commercial viability, and aesthetics. Therefore, the machine utilizing direct heat is deemed superior overall. This research contributes to the field of essential oil extraction by providing a practical solution for effectively utilizing fruit wastes. The developed mechanical system offers a cost-effective and efficient approach to extracting essential oil, paving the way for potential advancements in the industry. The findings of this study can serve as a foundation for further research and development in the field of essential oil extraction machinery, benefiting various sectors such as medicine, perfumery, manufacturing, and pharmaceuticals.

VIEWS 183

Adams E. 2023. Sustainable utilization of fruit waste: A comprehensive review. Environmental Science & Technology, 45(8), 3017-3032.

Arueza RR., Mendoza RV., Dela Paz MR., Basit MA. 2020. Valorization of agricultural wastes through essential oil extraction for value added applications. Proceedings of the 3rd International Conference on Agriculture and Rural Development (ICARD 2020).

Brown F., Martinez G. 2022. Extractors for essential oil production: A review of household-based and industrial approaches. Chemical Engineering Journal, 95(3), 431-445.

Chanthaphon A., Chanthachum S., Hongpattarakere T. 2008. Antimicrobial activities of Essential oils and crude extracts from tropical Citrus spp. against Food-Related Microorganisms. Songklanakarin Journal of Science and Technology, 30(1), 125-131

Guinto RM., Ignacio RA., Santiago BA., Marasigan JP. 2021. Extraction of essential oil from fruit waste using different methods. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on Environmental Science and Development (ICESD 2021)

Hesham HA. Rassem, Abdurahman H. Nour, Rosli M. Yunus. 2016. Techniques for Extraction of Essential Oils from Plants: A Review. Australian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 10(16), 117-127

Javed S., Ahmad R., Shahzad K., Nawaz S., Saeeds Saleem Y. 2013. Chemical Constituents, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activity of Essential Oil of Citrus limetta var. Mitha (Sweet lime) Peel in Pakistan. African Journal of Microbiology Research, 7(24), 3071-3077

Johnson L., & Lee D. 2022. Antimicrobial properties of fruit peels: A comparative study on calamansi, banana, and pomelo. Journal of Natural Products, 65(2), 198-210

Mercado-Mercado J., Mayol LM., Labastida, CM., De Los Santos AG., Dela Peña JB. 2019. Agro-processing industries for sustainable development in the Philippines. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 271(1), 012066

Okoh OO., Sadimenko AP., Afolayan AJ. 2010. Comparative evaluation of the antibacterial activities of the essential oils of Rosmarinus officinalis L. obtained by hydrodistillation and solvent-free microwave extraction methods. Food Chemistry, 120, 308-312.

Pascua KA., Ramos JCD, & De Guzman JP.,  2018. Antibacterial and antioxidant activities of essential oils extracted from selected fruit wastes. Proceedings of the 6th International Conference on Chemical and Biological Sciences (ICCBS 2018).

Philippine Department of Trade and Industry (DTI). 2015. Philippine Essential Oils Industry. Available online: https://www.dti.gov.ph

Pizzale L., Bortolomeazzi R., Vichi S., Überegger E., Conte LS., 2002. Antioxidant activity of sage (Salvia officinalis and S. fruticosa) and oregano (Origanum onites and O. indercedens) extracts related to their phenolic compound content. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 82, 1645–1651.

Reshamkanadea D., S. Bhatkhandeb, 2016. Extraction of Ginger Oil Using Different Methods and Effect of Solvents, Time, Temperature to Maximize Yield. Journal of Chemical Engineering, 4(2), 321-324.

Reverchon E., Senatore F., 1992. Isolation of Rosemary oil: comparison between hydrodistillation and supercritical CO2 extraction. Flavour and Fragrance Journal, 7, 227-230.

Smith B., Johnson C. & Lee A., 2023. Antibacterial activity of essential oils from different fruit peels against drug-resistant pathogens. Journal of Medicinal Microbiology, 55(6), 777-789.

Williams H., Taylor J. 2021. Essential oils from fruit waste: Challenges and opportunities in commercial production. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 78(5), 1205-1217.