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Research Paper | November 10, 2022

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Determination of chemical composition, polyphenol contents, and evaluation of the antioxidant activity of three plants used in the management of malnutrition

Amadou Ibrahim Halilou, Rabiou Abdou Mamane Ousseini, Bakasso Sahabi, Sabo Haoua, Mahamane Idi Issa Abdoulahi, Ikhiri Khalid, Hassimi Sadou

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Int. J. Biosci.21(5), 137-147, November 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.5.137-147

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Abstract

Guiera senegalensis (Combretaceae), Commiphora africana (Burseraceae), Schwenckia americana (Solanaceae) are plants used in traditional medicine against malnutrition. The objective of this study is to contribute to the valorisation of these three species used in the management of malnutrition in children aged 0 to 5 years in Niger. The chemical composition of the extracts of these plants was determined using standard methods. The contents of total polyphenols, total tannins and antioxidant activity were determined by the spectrophotometric method. The determination of total polyphenols on the extract of the bark of C. africana gave the highest content of 86.62±6.31 mg EAG/g. For total tannins, high levels were observed with the bark extract of C. africana (16.14±0.95 g/L). The determination of the reducing power showed the highest activity with the leaf extract of G. senegalensis (2±0.04 mmol EAA/g). The analysis of the overall chemical composition showed that the extract of G. senegalensis leaves is richer in proteins (11.38%) and lipids (4.02%). The highest carbohydrate content (72.47%) is observed in the bark extract of C. africana. For the overall ash content, the whole plant extract of S. americana has the highest ash content at 11.04%. Extract from the leaves of G. senegalensis gave the highest dry matter content (92.42%). These results could contribute to the formulation of fortified foods used to improve the nutritional status of children in particular and populations in general.

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Determination of chemical composition, polyphenol contents, and evaluation of the antioxidant activity of three plants used in the management of malnutrition

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