Determination of erodibility or sediment ability of river reaches using three methods of fortier, Mavis and Hjulstrom (Case Study: Sirvan Basin, Kurdestan – Iran)

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/01/2015
Views (372) Download (14)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Determination of erodibility or sediment ability of river reaches using three methods of fortier, Mavis and Hjulstrom (Case Study: Sirvan Basin, Kurdestan – Iran)

Amir Khosrojerdi, Nooshin Mohammadzadeh, Amirpouya Sarraf
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 1), 43-50, January 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The human activities and natural factors cause changes in sediment supply rate in the rivers. The rivers naturally react to this change to balance themselves to the new imposed conditions. This transformation is continued until the river section is reached to dynamic equilibrium. In this study, Erodibility or sediment ability of Gheshlagh River reaches are determined based on the critical velocity by means of different methods (Fortier table, Mavis method and Hjulstrom diagram). At first, cross sections of studied river are provided using the basin’s topographic maps and ArcGIS 9.3 software and later Gheshlagh River is modeled and simulated in steady flow state, aiding HEC-RAS software. Results obtained from simulation and performed computations indicate the differences in results obtained from morphologic variations determination methods in Gheshlagh River so that according to two methods Mavis and Hjulstrom, all sections of Gheshlagh River are exposed to scour whilst in Fortier method, some reaches are sedimentary.

VIEWS 23

Arı Güner H, Yumuk H. 2014. “Application of a fuzzy inference system for the prediction of longshore sediment transport”. Applied Ocean Research, 162 – 175. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apor.2014.08.008

Bhattacharya  B,  Price  RK,  Solomatine  DP. 2007. “Machine Learning Approach to Modeling Sediment Transport”, Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 440 – 450. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/ (ASCE) 0733-9429(2007)133:4(440)

Fortier S, Scobey FC. 1926. Permissible Canal Velocities. Am. Soc. Civ. Eng. Trans. 89, 940 – 984.

Grasso  F,  Michallet  H, Barthélemy E.  2011. “Sediment transport associated with morphological beach changes forced by irregular asymmetric, skewed waves”, Journal of Geophysical Research, 116, C03020. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2010JC006550

Hjulstrom F. 1935. “Studies of morphological activity of rivers as illustrated by the River Fyris” Geological Institute University of Uppsala Bulletin, 25, 221 – 527.

Hobbs WO, Engstrom DR, Scottler SP, Zimmer KD, Cotner JB. 2013. “Estimating Modern Carbon Burial Rates in Lakes Using a Single Sediment Sample”, Journal of Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 11, 316 – 326. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lom.2013.11.316

Hosseini SA. 2008. “Location of Suitable Points for Survey of River Sediments”. Mahab Ghods Consultant Engineers Co.

Johnson GD, Strickland MD, Byyok L. 1999. “Quantifying impacts to riparian wetlands associated with reduced flow along the Greybull River Wyoming”. 19 (1), 71 – 77.

Graf W, Wohl E, Sinha T, L. Sabo J. 2010. “Sedimentation and sustainability of western American reservoirs”, Water Resources Research, 46, W12535. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2009WR008836

Mavis FT, Liu T, Soucek, E. 1937. “The transportation of detritus by flowing water. II.” Iowa Univ. studies in engineering, bulletin 11, 1 – 28.

Mavis F1, Laushey LM. 1948. “A Reappraisal of the Beginning of Bed Movement – Competent Velocity”. International Association for Hydraulic Research, Second meeting, Stockholm, June 1948.

Pritchard D, Andrew JH. 2002. “On sediment transport under dam-break flow”. Cambridge University Press, 473, 265 – 274. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S002211200200255

Ralston DK, Warner JC, Rockwell Geyer W, Wall GR. 2013. “Sediment transport due to extreme events: The Hudson River estuary after tropical storms Irene and Lee”, Geographical Research Letters, 40, 5451 – 5455. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/2013GL057906

Sadeghifard S. 2012. “Estimation and Evaluation of Sediment in Kharrood River aiding HEC-RAS software”. M.Sc. Thesis of Hydraulic Structures, Faculty of Agriculture, Islamic Azad University, Science & Research Branch.

Sampei M, Sasaki H, Forest A, Fortier L. 2012. “A substantial export flux of particulate organic carbon linked to sinking dead copepods during winter 2007–2008 in the Amundsen Gulf (southeastern Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean)”, Journal of Limnology and Oceanography Methods, 57 (1), 90 – 96. http://dx.doi.org/10.4319/lo.2012.57.1.0090

Valyrakis M, Diplas P, Dancey CL. 2013. “Entrainment of coarse particles in turbulent flows:An energy approach”, Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 42 – 53. http://dx.doi.org/10.1029/2012JF002354

Vanrijn L. 1984. “Sediment Transport, Part I: Bed Load Transport”. J. Hydraul. Eng., 110 (10), 1431 – 1456. http://dx.doi.org/10.1061/(ASCE)0733-9429(1984)110:10(1431)

Vojdani N, Ghamshi M. 2006. “Critical Shear Stress of Sticky Sediments and its Effect on Design of Open Channels”. Collection of Papers in National Conference on Irrigation and Drainage Networks Management, Shahid Chamran University of Ahwaz.