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Determination of heavy metals in cyprinidae fishes in Bolan River Balochistan Pakistan

Research Paper | July 1, 2020

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Lawang Gurganari, Ghulam Dastagir, Shahab ud Din Kakar, Saeed Ahmed Essote, Aisha Mehrab

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Int. J. Biosci.17( 1), 88-94, July 2020

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/17.1.88-94


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The Bolan River is one of the major rivers in Balochistan province, Pakistan, it flows in District Bolan. It is main source of fishing and agriculture in the region. In this study we carried out research on cyprinid fishes of Bolan River in the District Bolan. This study includes water and fish chemistry to assess heavy metals concentration in water and various organs of fish from four cyprinid fishes of Bolan River, i.e.  (Cirinus mirigla, Labeo rohuta, Cyprinus carpio, and Catla catla). The water and fish samples were evaluated for the identification of four heavy metals Fe, Pb, Cd, and Cr by atomic absorption spectroscopy. The metal concentration varied as well similar over four  stations  of  Bolan River, about to  water and fishes  metals  concentration followed the order : Fe > Cr > Pb > Cd. In all fish species Gills and liver showed comparatively highest heavy metals concentration organs in fish’s metals concentration followed the order: Fe > Cr > Pb > cd. Subsequently, all cyprinid fishes showed statistically important variations in each organ. Except for Fe, the concentration of heavy metal in all fish organ was below the threshold value of World Health Organization (WHO). The access amount of metal effects fish may cause health issue to humans, such as effect of lungs kidney protein, formation of RBCs, and cause of cancer.


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Determination of heavy metals in cyprinidae fishes in Bolan River Balochistan Pakistan

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