J. Bio. Env. Sci.10(5), 155-162, May 2017
In this present study, 34 Hydrochemical data of groundwater samples in Annaba – El-Tarf areas were examined with an aim to assess the Scaling and corrosion tendencies of water using Langelier and Ryznar indexes. Hydrochemical and statistical methods such as Piper and Chidah diagrams were also applied to the data set. The results obtained show that 73.53% of the samples are classified into intolerable corrosion, 20.59% of the samples have little scale or slightly corrosive. The samples show the same property with respect to the two indexes. Hydrochemical characteristics show that Cl– and HCO3– are the major anions and Na+ and Ca2+ are the major cations in water of the studied area. However 23.52% of the samples exceed the desirable limit of Cl–, 20.58% of Na+, and 8.82% of them exceed that of SO42+. Groundwater types were assessed and compared with Piper and Chdha diagrams, it was found that Na-Cl is the dominant type, in both methods.
Abyaneh HZ, Varkeshi MB, Mohammadi K, Howard K, Marofi S. 2011. Assessment of groundwater corrosivity in Hamedan Province Iran using an adaptive neuro-fuzzy inference system. Geosciences Journal 15, 433 − 439.
Agatemor C, Patrick A, Okolo O. 2008. Studies of corrosion tendency of drinking water in the distribution system at the University of Benin. Environmentalist Atasoy 28, 379–384.
Al-Rawajfeha AE, Gladeb H, Ulrichc J. 2005. Scaling in multiple-effect distillers: The role of CO2 release. Desalination 182, 209-219.
Atasoy, Yesilnacar MI. 2010. Effect of high sulfate concentration on the corrosivity: a case study from groundwater in Harran Plain, Turkey.Environ Monit Assess 166, 595–607.
Attoui B, Kherici N, Kherici-Bousnoubra H. 2014. Use of the new method for determining the vulnerability and risk of pollution of major groundwater reservoirs in the region of Annaba-Bouteldja (NE Algeria). Environmental Earth Sciences 72, 891-903.
Boudoukha A, Athamna M, Benaabidat L. 2015. Etude du Potentiel Hydrothermal de Hammam Sokhna. EST ALGERIEN. Larhyss Journal 24, 161-174.
Carrier Air Conditioning Company. 1965. Handbook of Air Conditioning System Design. New York, McGraw-Hill Books.
Chadha DK. 1999. A proposed new diagram for geochemical classification of natural waters and interpretation of chemical data. Hydrogeol Journal 7(5), 431-439.
Debieche TH. 2002. Evolution of groundwater quality (salinity, nitrogenizes and heavy metals) under the effect of pollution salt works, agricultural and industrial, application to the low plain of Algerian north-eastern Seybouse. Doctorat Thesis, University Franche-Comte; 235p.
Djabri L. 1996. Mechanism of sey bouse water pollution and vulnerability geological, industrial, agricultural and urban origins. Doctorat Thesis, University of Annaba, 176 p.
Halimi S, Baali F, Kherici N, Rechachi H, Younis AK. 2016. Impact of agricultural activities on the evolution of nitrate and nitrite levels in ground water of Annaba plain (North East of Algeria). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES). Vol. 9.N°. 3, 120-124.
Hamrouni B, Dhahbi M. 2002. Calco-carbonic equilibrium calculation. Desalination 152, 167-174.
Hilly J. 1962. Etude géologique du massif de l’Edough et du Capde Fer (Est-Constantinois). Publications du service de la Carte géologique de l’Algérie. Bulletin N° 19,408 pages.
Katz BG, Coplen TB, Bullen TD, Davis JH. 1998. Use of chemical and isotopic tracers to characterize the interaction between groundwater and surface water in mantel dKarst. Groundwater 35(6), 1014-1028.
Kherici N, Derradji EF, El Kand Y. 2009. Vulnerability to pollution and Urban Development of the massive dune of Bouteldja, Norteaster Algeria. Geographica Technica 1, 1-7.
Kherici N. 1993. Vulnérabilité à la pollution chimique des eauxsouterraines d’un systéme de nappes super poséesen milieu industrieletagricole (Annaba-la-Mafragh) Nord-Estalgerien. Doctoral thesis 170-189.
Kurdi M, Ferdows M S, Maghsoudi A. 2015. Sensitivity of Corrosion and Scaling Indices Based on Ions; Case Study Iran. Water Qual Expo Health 7, 363–372.
LE Guen M. 1999. De l’importance de l’image, Courrier des Statistitues, n°90, INSEE, p7-9.
Maya AL, Loucks MD. 1995. Solute and isotopic geochemistry and groundwater flow in the Central Wasatch Range, Utah. Journal of Hydrology 172, 31-59.
Sedrati N, Djabri L, Chaffai L. 2016. Evaluating groundwater pollution and assessing the vulnerability. Case of massive dune of Bouteldja, Algeria.). Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences (JBES). Vol.9.N°. 5, P. 129-136.
Singh VK, Bikundia DS, Sarswat A, Mohan D. 2012. Groundwater quality assessment in the village of Lutfullapur Nawada, Loni, District Ghaziabad, Uttar Pradesh, India. Environ Monit Assess 184, 4473–4488.
Villa JM. 1980. The Alpine chain Eastern borders Algeria Algerian-Tunisiens doctoral thesis of natural sciences. Pierre and Marie Curie Paris VI University p. 665.
Withers A. 2005. Options for recarbonation remineralisation and disinfection for desalination plants. Desalination 179, 11-24.
World Health Organization (WHO). 2011. Guidelines for Drinking-water Quality. 4th edition Geneva, Switzerland.