Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2016

| Download 1

Determined the Oat (Avena sativa L.) genotype sresponding to different planting dates in southern Iraq

Ali Muaid Shaker, Mahmood Shaimaa Ibrahem, Mahdi Salih Mizel

Key Words:

Int. J. Agron. Agri. Res.9(6), 33-43, December 2016


IJAAR 2016 [Generate Certificate]


Although the oat crop is an important forage crops by many countries to face the problem of lacking forage to feed livestock, it still is not popular in southern Iraq. Establishing oat productivity, especially in southern Iraq needs to limit the best genotypes and planting dates in this area. Thus, factorial experiment arranged in randomized complete block design to understand response of three oat genotype (Wallaro, Carrolup and Wild) in four planting dates (20-10, 1-11, 10-11, and 20-11) at two locations (Thi-Qar and Al-Muthana). Plant height, flag leave area, chlorophyll content (SPAD), period of physiological maturity day-1, wet and dry forage yield t ha-1, grains yield t ha-1 and its components (number of panicles m-2, number of grains panicle-1, and weight of 100 grains g-1), and the grains protein percentage observed as crop related measurements. All these traits significantly differed among the genotypes and affected by the planting dates. Significant responding of forage and grains yield to planting date found, and the highest wet and dry forage yield obtained from Wallaro and Carrolup genotypes sowing at the second planting date at both locations. Grains yield was 6.88 and 7.03 t ha-1 for Wallaro genotype planted at the second planting date at Thi-Qar and Al-Muthana locations respectively. Thus, adopting oat crop in this area needs to focus on planning date, especially from first to mid-November with using Wallaro genotype for grain production and Carrolupas a forage crop.


Copyright © 2016
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Determined the Oat (Avena sativa L.) genotype sresponding to different planting dates in southern Iraq

Al-Tahir FMM. 2014. Relationship between tiller development and productivity with yield and its components for wheat and oat under the influence of A.I.I and GA3. Euopean Academic Research. 2(9), 1146-11458.

Atefah Z, Bahraminejad S. 2012.Assessment of drought tolerance in oat (Avena sativa L.) genotypes. Scholar Research Library 3(5), 2194-2201.

Ayadin N, Mut Z, Mut H, Ayan I. 2010.Effect of autumn and spring dates on hay yield and quality of oat (Avena sativa L.) genotypes. J. Animal & Vet. Advances 9(10), 1539-1545. http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/javaa.2010.1539.1545.

Ayub M, Shehzad M,Nadeem MA, Pervez M, Naeem M, Sarwar N. 2011. Comparative study on forage yield and quality of different oat (Avena sativa L.) varieties under agro ecological condition of Faisalabad, Pakistan. African J. Agric. Res. 6(14), 3388-3391. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJAR11.411.

Balenberger DCC, Frey KJ. 1987. Genotypic variability in response of oat to delayed sowing. Agron. J. 79(5), 813-816. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1987.00021962007900050011x.

Baron VS,Dick AC, De ST, Remy EA. 1993.Response of forage yield and yield components to planting dates and silage pasture management in spring seeded winter cereal/spring oat cropping system. Canadian J. Plant Sci. 74, 7-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.4141/cjps94-003.

Baron VS, Aasen A, Oba M, Dick AC, Salmon DF, Basarab JA, Stevenson CF. 2012. Swath-grazing potential for small-grain species with a delayed planting date. Agron. J. 104(2), 393–404. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2011.0234.

Benaragama D.2011. Enhancing the competitive ability of oat (Avena sativa L.) cropping system. Thesis of Master Sc. Dept. of Plant Sci. University of Saskatchewan. 88p.

Coblentz WK, Bertram MG, Martin NP. 2011. Planting date effects on fall forage production of oat cultivars in Wisconsin. Agron. J. 103, 145-155. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj2010.0350.

Coffman FA. 1954. Temperature-a potent factor in oat adaptation. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, WI, p.66. Agron. (Abstr.).

Coffman FA, Frey KJ. 1961. Influence of climate and physiologic actors on growth in oats. In: Coffiman FA. Oats and oat improvement. Agron. Monogr 8, ASA, Madison, Wisconsin 420-456.

Douglas CD, Michael SM, Hammond JJ. 2001. Genotypic and environmental effect on grain yield and quality of oat grown in North Dakota. Crop Sci. 41, 1066- 1072. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci2001.4141066x.

Fowler DB. 1982. Date of seeding fall growth and winter survival of winter wheat and rye. Agron. J. 74 (6), 1060-1063. http://dx.doi.org/10.2134/agronj1982.00021962007400060030x.

Hisir Y, Rukiye K, Tevrican D. 2012.Evaluation of oat (Avena sativa L.) genotypes for grain yield and physiological traits. Źemdirbystě=Agriculture 99(1), 55-60.

Hoffman LA.1995.World production and use of oats. In: WELCH, R.W. The oat crop production and utilization: Chapman & Hall, London. Chap. 2, 34-61 P.

Hussain A, Mohammad D,Khan S, Bhatti MB. 1993. Forage yield and quality potential of various cultivars of oats (Avena sativa L.). Pak. J. Sci. Indian Res. 36, 258-260.

Hussain A, Mohammad D, Khan S, Bhatti MB, Mufti MU. 1998. Effect of harvest stage on forage yield and quality of winter cereals. Sarhad J. Agric. 14, 219-224.

Hussain A, Khan S, Mohammad D. 2002. Forage yield and nutritive value of oat cultivar Fatua at various intervals of harvesting. Pak. J. Agric. Res. 17, 148-152.

Kibite S, Baron VS, Dick AC. 2002. Impact of genotype and harvest date on early and late planted forage oat and barley. p. 34–41. In: Alternate winter feeding systems for beef cows. Canada-Alberta Beef Industry Development Fund Final rep. 97 AB016. Agric. and Agri-Food Canada, Lacombe, AB.

Legere A. 1997. Cereal planting dates as a tool in the management of Galeposis tetrahit and associated weed species in spring barley and oat. Crop protection 16(2), 117-125. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0261-2194(96)00084-1.

Lodhi MY, Marghazani IB, Hamayun K, Marri MJ. 2009. Comparative performance study of different oat varieties under agro-climatic condition of SIBI. J. Animal & Plant Sci. 19(1), 34-36.

Malik R, Paynter B, Parsons C, McLarty A. 2011.Growing oats in Western Australia for hay and grain. Report number: Bulletin 4798, Affiliation: Department of Agriculture and Food, Western Australia.

Narimah MDK. 1991. Productivity of homogeneous and heterogeneous oat populations at two   sowing dates. Pertanika 14(3), 229-236. 

Nawaz N, Razzaq A, Ali Z, Sarwar G, Yousaf M. 2004. Performance of different oat (Avena sativa L.) varieties under the agro-climate condition of Bahawalpur-Pakistan. Int. J. Agri. Biol. 6(4), 624–626.

Salman AA. 1988. Characterization and inheritance of growth traits in oats and barley. PhD dissertation, University of Wisconsin, Madison. 168 P.

Taylor GA. 1967. The influence of temperature on differentiation of oat genotypes. PhD dissertation, Iowa State Univ .140 P.

Wiggans SC. 1956. The effect of seasonal temperatures on maturity of oats planted at different dates. Agron. J. 48, 21-25.

Wrobel E, Kijora C. 2004.The effect of selected agronomic factors on yield and quality of naked oats grain. Pam. Pul. 135, 331-340.

Ziya D, Hasan M, Rukiye K, Tevrican D, Aydın A. 2011. Evaluation of Turkish oat landraces based on grain rain yield, yield components and some quality traits. Turk. J. F Crops 16(2), 190- 196.

Ziya D, Tevrican D, Hasan M, Rukiye K, Aydin A. 2012. Evaluation of Turkish oat landraces based on morphological and phonological traits. Źemdir bystě=Agriculture 99(2), 149-158.

Zute S, Vīcupe Z, Gruntiņa M. 2010.Factors influencing oat grain yield and quality under growing conditions of West Latvia. Agron. Research8 (Special Issue 3, 749–754.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background