Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | May 1, 2014

| Download 2

Determining the ecological capability of forest park Heydareh in Hamadan city, approach to carrying capacity model

Amir Rahmani, Abbas Fakhraee, Zahra Kamari

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.4(5), 64-76, May 2014


JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


Carrying Capacity is based on understanding the limits of acceptable change in indicators of environmental quality, is widely used in urban, regional and tourism planning. Therefore, a scientific, applied understanding of the estimation of carrying capacity and creating consensus amongst planners, researchers and executives of development programmers are prerequisites of the application of this method. The study adopted a descriptive-analytical method and was conducted as a documentary study. The methodological concepts, components and framework of quantitative estimation of carrying capacity of land zones were identified through a systematic study. The analysis was conducted based on a sample of quantitative usage of carrying capacity in tourism development planning to determine the ecological capability of Forest Park Heydareh (Velayat) in Hamadan city using ArcGIS software in synthesis and overlapping the layers. The analysis was carried out using paired comparison method and an hourly model, which aimed to develop approaches to protect and increase the environmental capability of tourism industry in the studied area. The results showed that considerable decrease in the estimated allowable number of visitors – resulted from imposing ecological limitations and encouraging the private sector, NGOs and mass media about environmental knowledge and ecotourism – may significantly influence the planning process the Forest Park Heydareh (Velayat) in Hamadan city.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Determining the ecological capability of forest park Heydareh in Hamadan city, approach to carrying capacity model

Ahn BY, Lee B, Shafer CS. 2000. Operationalizing sustainability in regional tourism planning, an application of limits of acceptable change framework, Texas University.

Buckley R. 1999. An ecological perspective on carrying capacity. Annals of Tourism Research, 26 (3), 275-284.

Butler RW. 2000. Ecotourism-Has it Achieved Maturity or Has the Bubble Burst. Keynote Address, Pacific Rim Tourism, Rotorua, New Zealand.

Chok S, Macbeth J, Warren C. 2007. Tourism as a Tool for Poverty Alleviation: A Critical Analysis of ‘Pro-Poor Tourism’ and Implications for Sustainability. Current Issues in Tourism 10(2/3), 144–165.

City Fabric Consultant Engineers, 2002. Environmental studies of tourism development strategic planning in Abbasabad Valley, Ganjnameh, Hamadan.

Consulting engineers and dynamic strategies. 2010. The conductor design Heydareh village uptown, Islamic Revolution Housing Foundation Hamadan.

Design and Development Consultant Engineers. 2005. Detailed Plan of Hamadan City. Hamadan Province Accommodation and Urbanization Organization.

Duarte P, Meneses R, Hawkins AJS, Zhu M, Fang J, Grant J. 2003. Mathematical modeling to assess the carrying capacity for multi species culture within coastal waters. Ecological Modeling, 168, 109-143.

Fouladvand P. 2008. Prioritizing ecotourism evaluation criteria of Oshtoran Kouh, Lorestan using AHP method. Unpublished M.S thesis, Islamic Azad University, Ahvaz Science and Research Branch, Ahvaz, Iran.

Garrigos S, Fernando J, Narangajavana Y, Palacios MD. 2004. Carrying capacity in the tourism industry, a case study of Hengistbury Head.Tourism Management, 25, 275-283.

Graefe A, Vaske J, Kuss F. 1984. Social carrying capacity: An integration and Synthesis of twenty years of research.

HALL CM. 2007. Pro-poor Tourism: Do “Tourism Exchanges Benefit Primarily the Countries of the South”? Current Issues in Tourism, 10(2&3), 111– 118.

HALL CM. 2008. Tourism and Climate Change: Knowledge Gaps and Issues. Tourism Recreation Research, 33(3), 339–350.

Hardy A, Beeton R. 2001. Sustainable tourism or maintainable tourism: Managing resources for more than average outcomes, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 9(3), 168–192.

Hjalager AM. 2010. A review of innovation research in tourism. Tourism Management, 31, 1–12.

Jamal T, Stronza A. 2009. Collaboration theory and tourism practice in protected areas: Stakeholders, structuring and sustainability, Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 17(2), 169–189.

Jouzi SA, Moradi Najd N, Abdullahi H. 2009. Evaluation of ecological capability of Bulhasan region of Dezful to implement tourism usage using multi-criteria decision-making. Journal of Research in Marine Science and Techniques, 21, 71-84.

Makhdoum M. 2004. A handout of estimating carrying capacity (PhD program of environmental planning). College of Environment, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran.

Makhdoum M, et al. 2006. Developing the spectrum model of productivity ecological capacity of parks and protected areas. Journal of Ecology, 39, 101-118.

Malczewski J. 1999. GIS and Multi- criteria Decision Analysis. John Willy & Son Co., 392, 177-192.

Medeiros de Araujo L, Bramwell B. 2002. Partnership and regional tourism in Brazil, Annals of Tourism Research, 29(4), 1138–1164.

Nahreli D, Rezaie D. 2002. Investigating and introducing recreational carrying capacity. Journal of Ecology, 29, 101-112.

Neyzar Hekmatan Consulting Engineers. 2011. “Productivity Management Design Forest Park Heydareh (Velayat)”, Organization parks and green spaces Hamadan Municipality.

Papageorgiou K, Brotherton I. 1999. A management planning framework based on ecological, perceptual and economic carrying capacity: the case study of Vikos-Aoos National Park, Greece. Journal of Environmental Management, 56, 271-284.

Prato T. 2001. Modeling carrying capacity for national parks. University of Missouri, Colombia.

Shabanifard M, et al. 2009. Investigating urban tourist carrying capacity and modeling sustainable tourist cities from physical perspective (Case study: Tehran 12 municipality district). Applied Research of Geographical Sciences, 11 (14), 47-74.

Stankey G, Manning R. 1990. Carrying capacity of recreation settings. M47-M57.

Statistical Center of Iran. 2011. Statistical Yearbook of Hamadan Province, Statistics and Information Office of Hamadan Governorate.

Tabibian M, et al. 2007. Investigation of the concepts and quantitative approaches to carrying capacity and proposing an applicable model based on the strategic planning experience of tourism development in Abbasabad Valley, Ganjnameh, Hamadan. Journal of Fine Arts, 29, 17-28.

Vaspour Tourism Consultant engineers. 2012. Feasibility Study of Tourism Development Capacities of Heydareh Village Route of Hamadan.

WTO-UNEP-IE PAC. 1992. Guidelines: Development of National Parks and Protected Areas for Tourism. Technical Report, N.13.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background