Detrimental effects of deforestation of Kundian forest on environment and natural habitat in district Mianwali-Punjab Pakistan

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/03/2020
Views (523) Download (65)

Detrimental effects of deforestation of Kundian forest on environment and natural habitat in district Mianwali-Punjab Pakistan

Allah Nawaz Khan, Naila Fida Hussain, Syeda Nusrat Manzoor, Muhammad Asif Akram, Muhammad Zahid Rasheed, Abdul Basit
Int. J. Biosci.16( 3), 461-467, March 2020.
Certificate: IJB 2020 [Generate Certificate]


Present study was conducted to investigate about very important issue of deforestation in Kundian forest due to which environmental conditions of the area were being changed and there is huge loss of very important plant and animal species due to degradation of natural habitats. Plants are pure sources of oxygen and they are also involved in protecting and maintaining the ecosystem. Deforestation is a serious factor to pollute the environment. Cutting of forest for fuel, furniture, medicine ,crop lands and for making colonies for human residence is common now a days. Extensive survey was conducted during March 2018 to July 2019 and 102 plant species that belong to 42 plant families were collected and specimens were mounted over herbarium sheet for record in university of agriculture Faisalabad. It was concluded that kundian forest were enriched with floral diversity but deforestation changed the vegetation pattern because there was a huge overexploitation pressure recorded. Environment was being polluted due to deforestation was creating serious problems for all life forms.


Ali SI. 2008. Significance of flora with special reference to Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 40(3), 967-971.

Schweikert A, Chinowsky P, Kwiatkowski K, Espinet X. 2014. The infrastructure planning support system: Analyzing the impact of climate change on road infrastructure and development. Transport Policy 35, 146-153.

Percy KE, Jandl R, Hall JP, Lavigne M. 2003. The role of forests in carbon cycles, sequestration, and storage. IUFRO Newsletters 1, 1-5.

Tilman D. 2000. Causes, consequences and ethics of biodiversity. Nature 405(6783), 208.

Whittaker RH. 1978. Direct gradient analysis. In Ordination of plant communities Springer, Dordrecht, p 7-50.

Lubchenco J, Olson AM, Brubaker LB, Carpenter SR, Holland MM, Hubbell SP,  Mooney HA. 1991. The sustainable biosphere initiative: an ecological research agenda: a report from the Ecological Society of America. Ecology 72(2), 371-412.

Crosby AW, Worster D. 1998. Sediments of time: environment and society in Chinese history. Cambridge University Press.

Cody ML. 1985. Habitat selection in birds. Academic Press.

Adnan M, Hölscher D. 2010. Medicinal plant abundance in degraded and reforested sites in Northwest Pakistan. Mountain Research and Development 30(1), 25-33.

Tahir AA, Chevallier P, Arnaud Y, Neppel L,  Ahmad B. 2011. Modeling snowmelt-runoff under climate scenarios in the Hunza River basin, Karakoram Range, Northern Pakistan. Journal of hydrology 409(1-2), 104-117.

Strasser U, Vilsmaier U, Prettenhaler F, Marke T, Steiger R, Damm A,  Stötter J. 2014. Coupled component modelling for inter-and trans disciplinary climate change impact research: Dimensions of integration and examples of interface design. Environmental modelling & software 60, 180-187.

Ajaib M, Khan Z, Khan N, Wahab M. 2010. Ethnobotanical studies on useful shrubs of district Kotli, Azad Jammu & Kashmir, Pakistan. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42(3), 1407-1415.