Dietary effect of Tamarindus indica leaf meal on the growth performance, cell-mediated immunity, carcass yield, and economic traits in broiler chickens

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Research Paper 01/10/2021
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Dietary effect of Tamarindus indica leaf meal on the growth performance, cell-mediated immunity, carcass yield, and economic traits in broiler chickens

Razul L. Minanga, Keiven Mark B. Ampode
Int. J. Biosci.19( 4), 150-161, October 2021.
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The addition of synthetic antibiotics into broiler diets was banned in the European Union due to growing public health concerns. As a result, interest in the effects of different phytobiotic plants on animal health and production performance increases. The tamarind (Tamarindus indica Linn.) is a medicinal plant containing crude protein, fiber, vitamins, and amino acids. Thus, this study was conducted to investigate the potential of tamarind leaf meal (TLM) on the broiler chicken’s growth performance, cell-mediated immunity, carcass yield, and economic traits. Seventy-five (75) broiler chicks, regardless of sex, were randomly distributed into five dietary treatments replicated three times with five birds per replication. The five dietary treatments were: T1– commercial ration (control); T2– homemade ration (HR) + 0% TLM; Treatment 3- HR + 1% TLM; T4– HR + 3% TLM, and T5– HR + 5% TLM. The collected data were subjected to one-way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) in a Completely Randomized Design using the Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 17.0 software. A significant difference in the growth performance and cell-mediated immunity parameters was observed in bi-weekly final weight, bi-weekly body weight gain, bi-weekly voluntary feed intake, slaughter weight, dressed weight, and cell-mediated immunity, while the feed conversion ratio and dressing percentage showed no significant differences. Moreover, the overall result and the return above feed and chick cost indicated a promising prospect for broiler chickens. In conclusion, incorporating 3% tamarind leaf meal into broiler diets is feasible in broiler chicken production.


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