Different growing substrates affect Periwinkle’s (Catharanthus roseus L.) growth and flowering

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/06/2015
Views (230) Download (12)

Different growing substrates affect Periwinkle’s (Catharanthus roseus L.) growth and flowering

Ali Khanzadeh, Davood Naderi
J. Bio. Env. Sci.6( 6), 179-186, June 2015.
Certificate: JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]


Periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus L.) is one of the important ornamental and medicinal plants, due to the presence of the blue tint flowers and the indispensable anti-cancer drugs, vincristine and vinblastine. Therefore, the production of this plant has been emphasized. Nutritional management and application of organic and inorganic materials as substrates can play an important role in increasing the productivity and quality of this plant. Therefore, the effects of different organic materials as growing media including: rotted manure spent mushroom compost (SMC), vermicompost, and garden soli as control on the vegetative growth, yield and flower quality of Periwinkle were considered. The organic materials were in four levels (15, 30, 40 and 50 %). Analysis of variance showed that the effects of different treatments on studied properties are significant (p<0.001). The maximum of plant height (37.83 cm), fresh weight of shoot (116.55 g), number of flower (42.67) and diameter of flower (45.67 mm) were obtained in vermicompost 50%. Moreover, maximum of dry weight of shoot (32.91 g) was observed in SMC 40%. The results showed that the application of vermicompost 50% resulted in significant increases in concentration of N. The maximum of number of leaf were obtained in vermicompost 50%. The application of organic fertilizers resulted in significant increases in concentration of P and K compared to control. In conclusion, the results showed that vermicompost was found to be suitable for production of Periwinkle. This organic matter can be an alternative substrate in growing media.


ADAS (Agricultural Development and Advisory Service), 1988. Guide to the Interpretation of Analy-tical Data for Loamless Compost. Ministry of Agricul-ture, Fisheries and Food, Circ. No. 25.

Ahmad I, Ahmad T, Gulfam A, Saleem M. 2012. Growth and flowering of gerbera as influenced by various horticultural substrates. Pakistan Journal of Botany 44, 219-299.

Arancon NQ, Lee S, Edwards CA, Bierman P, Metzger JD, Lucht C. 2005. Effects of vermicom-post produced from cattle manure, food waste and paper waste on the growth and yield of peppers in the field. Pedobiologia 49, 297–306.

Arnon DI. 1949. Copper enzymes in isolated chloro-plasts. Polyphenol oxidase in Beta vulgaris. Plant Physiol 24, 1-15.

Buchanan MA, Russell E, Block SD. 1988. Chemical characterization and nitrogen mineraliza-tion potentials of vermicomposts derived from different organic wastes. In: Earthworms in environ-mental and waste management. In: Edwards CA, Neuhauser EF, Eds. S.P.B Acad. Publ., The Netherlands 231-239.

Caballero R, Pajuelo P, Ordovas J, Carmona E, Delgado A. 2009. Evaluation and correlation of nutrient availability to Gerbera jamesonii H. Bolus in various compost-based growing media. Science Horticulture 122, 244–250.

Doan TT, Ngo TP, Rumpel C, Nguyen VB, Jouquet P. 2013. Interactions between compost, vermicompost and earthworm influence plant growth and yield. A one year greenhouse experiment. Scientia Horticulturae 160, 148–154.

Edwards CA, Bohlen PJ. 1996. Biology and Ecology of Earthworm 3rd Edn. Chapman and Hall, London.

Edwards-Jones G, Jones DL. 2007. Yield Responses of Wheat (Triticum aestivum) To Vermicompost Applications. Compost Science and Utilization 15, 6-15.

Isaac RA, Kerber JD. 1971. Atomic absorption and flame photometry: Techniques and uses in soil, plant and water analysis. In: Instrumental Methods for Analysis of Soil and Plant Tissue. Walsh, L. M., Ed.; Soil Sci. Of Am. Madison, Wis pp. 17-37.

Ismail SA. 2005. The Earthworm Book. Other India 48: 207-208. Press, apusa, Goa.

Kalantari S, Hatami S, Ardalan MM, Alikhani HA, Shorafa M. 2010. The effect of compost and vermicompost of yard leaf manure on growth of corn. African Journal of Agricultural Research 5, 1317-1323.

Lindsay WL, Norvell WA. 1978: Development of a DTPA soil test for zinc, iron, manganese and copper. Soil Science Society of America Journal 42, 421–428.

Naeem M, Iqbal J, Bakhsh MAA. 2006. Compa-rative study of inorganic fertilizers and organic manures on yield and yield components of mungbean (Vigna radiat L.). Journal of Agriculture and Social Sciences 2, 227–229.

Nyamangara J, Bergstrom LF, Piha MI, Giller KE. 2003. Fertilizer use efficiency and nitrate leaching in a Tropical Sandy Soil. Journal of Environ-mental Quality 32, 599–606.

Omidbeigi R. 2000. Approaches of production and processing of medicinal plant. Tarrahane Nashr Publications, Tehran. Vol 1, Page 100.

Sepehri B, Doroodian H, Nemati N, Zarghami R. 2013. Effects of mycorrhiza type and seedbed soil on total alkaloids, vinblastine and vincristine of periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus L.). International Journal of Agri Science 3, 510-519.

Stamatiadis S, Werner M, Buchanan M. 1999 Field assessment of soil quality as affected by compost and fertilizer application in a broccoli field (San Benito County, California). Applied Soil Ecology 12, 217–225.

Verdonck O, Gabriels R. 1992. Reference method for the determination of physical properties of plant substrates. II. Reference method for the determina-tion of chemical properties of plant substrates. Acta Horticulturae 302, 169-179.

Wang D, Shi Q, Wang X, Wei M, Hu J, Liu J, Yang F. 2010. Influence of cow manure vermicom-post on the growth, metabolite contents, and antioxidant activities of Chinese cabbage (Brassica campestris ssp. chinensis). Biology and Fertility of Soils 46, 689-696.

Zaller JG, Kopke U. 2004. Effects of traditional and biodynamic farmyard manure amendments on yields, soil chemical, biochemical and biological properties is a long-term field experiment. Biology and Fertility of Soils 40, 222-229.

Zargari A. 2000. Medicinal Plant. Tehran University Publications. Vol 3, Page 401.