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Different Risk Factors Involved In Water Pollution

Research Paper | October 1, 2021

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Reema Samina Khan, Muhammad Kamran Taj, Abdul Wadood, Imran Taj, Zohra Samreen, Umbreen Zafar, Sakina Khan, Zain-Ul-Abideen, Sehar Anwer

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Int. J. Biosci.19( 4), 144-149, October 2021

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/19.4.144-149


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Water pollution is a very important problem of the 21st century. Due to water pollution, pure water is becoming less secure day by day. The biggest cause of water pollution is industrialization and the increase in population. Due to the consumption of polluted water, people are getting infected. Water covers about 70% of the Earth’s surface. Safe drinking water is a basic need for all humans. In this regard, about 80% of diseases are water-borne. The industrialization, discharge of domestic waste, population growth, excessive use of pesticides, fertilizers and leakage from water tanks are major sources of water pollution. These wastes have negative effects on human health. Different chemicals have different effects depending on their locations and kinds. Bacterial, parasitic and viral diseases like typhoid, cholera, encephalitis, poliomyelitis, hepatitis, skin infection and gastrointestinal are spreading through polluted water. Healthy ecosystems rely on a complex web of animals, plants, bacteria, and fungi, all of which interact, directly or indirectly, with each other. Chemicals and heavy metals from industrial and municipal wastewater contaminate waterways as well. These contaminants are toxic to aquatic life, most often reducing an organism’s life span. While plants and animals need these nutrients to grow, they have become a major pollutant due to farm waste and fertilizer runoff. Groundwater can also spread contamination far from the original polluting source as it seeps into streams, lakes, and oceans. It is recommended to examine the water quality on a regular basis to avoid its destructive effects on human health. Domestic and agricultural waste should not be disposed of without treatment. Properly dispose of chemical cleaners, oils, and non-biodegradable items to keep them from ending up down the drain.


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Different Risk Factors Involved In Water Pollution

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