Digenetic trematodes dependent on fish of Burkina Faso

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Research Paper 01/03/2020
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Digenetic trematodes dependent on fish of Burkina Faso

Magloire Boungou, Yamba Sinaré, Victor Mamonekene, Mohamed Bagayan, Gustave B. Kabré
Int. J. Biosci.16( 3), 402-413, March 2020.
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Fish in Burkina Faso are parasitized by many types of parasites. In these study, digenetic trematodes of fishes were investigated. The aim is to inventory the digenetic trematodes dependent of commonly consumed fish in Burkina Faso. The sampling of the fish was carried out in February 2015, in March 2016 and from February 2017 to December 2017. Sampled fish were consisted of Oreochromis niloticus, Coptodon zillii, Sarotherodon galilaeus, Gymnarchus niloticus, Clarias anguillaris, and Synodontis schall in the stations of Kompienga, Bagré, Lemourdougou, Ziga and, Loumbila dams; and Tingréla, Di (Sourou), and Diarbakoko (Comoé) Lakes. The fish were dissected under the binocular microscope and their organs and abdominal cavity were carefully examined for digeneans. Digeneans were identified with the keys of references of Trematoda. A total of 806 fish were examined. Analysis of this ichthyofauna made it possible to find digenetic trematodes of the genus Gymnatrema (16.6%), Clinostomum (51.32%), Basidiodiscus (18.18%), Glossidium (0.74%), and metacercariae that we have been able to identify as Tetracotyle sp, Ornithodiplostomum sp, Tylodelphys sp, Diplostomum sp1, and Diplostomum sp 2. The present study provides knowledge on the fauna of digenetic trematodes encountered in fish of Burkina Faso.


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