Disclosing the effect of climatic factors on the growth and yield of sugar beet in province Azerbaijan East

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2014
Views (212) Download (6)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Disclosing the effect of climatic factors on the growth and yield of sugar beet in province Azerbaijan East

Amir Hossein Halabian, Alireza Dehghanpoor Farashah, Mohsen Azizi, Jafar Ganjali
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 1), 431-441, July 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Climatic condition, is one of the determining factors of crop type which could be cultivated and developed in an area. The amount of sunlight, heat and rainfall and their incidence type are major factors in this determination. In this study, daily temperature data over a period of 10 years were used to evaluate the agricultural climate of sugar beet cultivation in East-Azerbaijan province. Calculation and agro-climatic analysis was performed making use of Papadakis method, active days degree index, thermal gradient and deviation from optimal conditions methods. In this study, data of the synoptic meteorological stations in East-Azarbaijan (daily and monthly and annual reports) were received from National Meteorological Organization.This research is descriptive statistic. Data analysis is performed using phenological index (GDD) and Papadakis method via GIS software. The results show that based on analysis of thermal gradients and deviations from optimal conditions at different heights, Ahar station, amongst all selected stations, has more suitable conditions for cultivation. Based on the temperature thresholds of phenological stages of sugar beet, climatic calendar would be in form of sugar beet sowing season in early April and crop harvest season in mid-September to early October. Evaluation of agro-climate of the area, based on Papadakis thresholds, show that northern and central parts of the province have similar conditions in terms of winter and summer cultivation, which means oat in winter type and cotton in summer type. Southern and eastern parts of the province have identical condition, as well; meaning corn in summer type and wheat in winter type.

VIEWS 9

Abracham I, Abracham U, Aridt R et al. 1987. Intensive technology of sugar beet growing. Agropromizdat, Maskva, pp. 146–147 (in Russian).

Ash GHB, Blatta DA, Mitchell BA, B. Davies CF, Shaykewich JL, Wilson, Raddatz RL. 1999. Agricultural Climate of Manitoba.

Bellin D, Schutz B, Soerensen TR, Salamini F, Schneider K. 2007. Transcript profiles at different growth stages and tap-root zones identity correlated developmental and metabolic pathways of sugar beet. Journal of experimental botany 58(3), 699–715

Copeland LO, McDonald MB. 2001. Seed Science and technology. Norwell, Massachusetts: Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, pp.72–124 (in English).

Derscheid LA, Lytle WF. 2002. Growing degree days (GDD).

Duur C, Boiffin J. 1995. Sugarbeet seedling growth from germination to first leaf stage. Journal of Agricultural Science 124(3), 427–435 (in English).

Gaurilcikiene I, Deveikyte IP, etraitiene E. 2006. Epidemic progress of Cersospora beticola Sace. In Beta vulgaris L. under different conditions and cultivar resistance. Biologija 4, 54–59 (in English). http://www.kurdistanmet.ir/

Kaunas J. 1998. Sugar beet varieties: Achievements and problems of sugar beet growing in Lithuania: presentations of the scientific conference. UAB Arx-Baltica, Rumokai, pp. 58–61 (in Lithuanian, English abstr).

Kolbe H, Petzold W. 2002. Sugar beet growing ecological agriculture system. CRC Press, Dresden, pp. 14–19 (in German).

Lazauskas J. 1998. Crop production in Lithuania over the period 1895-1995. Kaunas AB „Ausra“, Dotnuva-Akademija, pp. 227–238 ( in Lithuanian, English abstr)

Lu MK, Saylan L. 2001. Trends of growing degree-days in Turkey. Water, air soil pollution 126(1–2), 83–96

Mavi HS, Tupper GJ. 2004. Agrometeorology – principles and applications of climate studies in agriculture. Haworth Press, Binghamton, pp. 43–70 (in English)

Petkeviciene B, Kaunas J. 2004. Influence of natural conditions on the prevalence of Cercospora leaf spot (Cercospora beticola Sacc) and Ramularia leaf spot (Ramularia beticola Fant & Lamb) in different varieties of sugar beet. Zemes ukio mokslai-Agricultural Sciences 9(4), 28–35 (in Lithuanian, English abstr).

Petkeviciene B. 2002. Effect of weather conditions on sugar content in sugar beet roots. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 8(4), 67–74 (in Lithuanian, English abstr).

Pidgeon JD, Werker AR, Jaggard KW, et al. 2001. Climatic impact on the productivity of sugar beet in Europe 1961–1995 Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 109(1), 27–37.

Povilaitis J, Grigiene I. 1995. The influence of drilling time and crop density on sugar beet growing, productivity and quality. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 49, 180–188 (in Lithuanian).

Romaneckas K, Narkevicius G. Liakas V, Siliauskas A. 2003. Technologies of contemporary crop productions 4, 67–103 (in Lithuanian).

Romaneckas K, Sarauskis E. 2003. The investigations of sugar beet seedbed by Kriz method (Sweden) under different soil tillage and sowing pattern. Zemdirbyste-Agriculture 81(1), 67–74 (in Lithuanian, English abstr).

Siddique AB, Wright D, Mahbub, Ali SM. 2002. Effects of Time of Sowing on the Quality of Flax Seed. On Line Journal of Biological Sciences 8(2), 538–541 (in English).

Sroller I, Svachula V. 1990. Influence of weather on the production and quality of sugar beets. In Baier, J., Bures, R., Coufal, V. I. et.al.: Weather and production. Agropromizdat, Maskva, pp. 247–269 (in Russian).