Discrimination of bee populations in Côte d’Ivoire by geometrical morphometry

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Research Paper 01/01/2022
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Discrimination of bee populations in Côte d’Ivoire by geometrical morphometry

Assielou Brou Aubin, Adja Nahoule Armand, Abo Kouabenan, Wandan Eboua Narcisse
J. Bio. Env. Sci.20( 1), 24-31, January 2022.
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Abstract

A single honeybee subspecies, Apis mellifera adansonii, has been described from all of West and Central Africa. The data in the literature concerning the characteristics of honeybees present in Côte d’Ivoire are less numerous than in European subspecies. The present study characterizes the morphological diversity and deepens the knowledge on the local subspecies of honeybees thanks to geometric morphometrics approach based on the configuration of the landmarks located on the wings, from a sample of 1,620 worker bees of the subspecies Apis mellifera adansonii collected in the Center, North and West of Côte d’Ivoire. Geometric morphometrics indicates that despite the diversity shapes and colours observed, the collected honeybees constitute a fairly homogeneous group with an absence of geographical differentiation within the colonies.

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