Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences I INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | December 1, 2021

| Download 2

Disseminating the effect of water hardness on dyeing of cotton fabric with reactive dyes

Md. Shawkut Ali Khan, Md. Iftakharul Muhib

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.19(6), 125-133, December 2021


JBES 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Water, the most common and vital solvent for wet processes, such as dyeing, printing, rinsing, sizing, desizing, finishing, bleaching and many other purposes, has a great influence over textile processes. This project work was intended to investigate the parameters of various fastness properties at different quality of water hardness in the application of hot brand reactive dyes. influence of water quality on dyeing of cotton knit fabric with hot brand reactive dye. The effects of various fastness (color fastness to wash, pilling test, rubbing test and perspiration test) properties of dyes were also studied and reported in this study in details. Single color (Red) is used for the shade of 3% and varied water hardness of 13.5 PPM, 174 PPM, 114 PPM, 54 PPM and 246 PPM respectively. It is visualized that different grades of water hardness showed in different fastness and different depth of red hue for using reactive dyes having shade of 3%.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Disseminating the effect of water hardness on dyeing of cotton fabric with reactive dyes

Delituna. 2010. Effects of water hardness on color obtained in dyeing of polyester microfiber. International Journal of Scientific Conerence, Gabrovo.

Khalil E and Sarkar J. 2014. Effect of Hardness of Water on Fixation and Total Wash off Percentage of Reactive Dyes When Applied to Cellulosic Fiber. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications 4, 9.

Rahman M, Islam A, Biswas J. 2016. Effects of Water Hardness on Dyeing of Cotton Fabrics with Different Types of Reactive Dyes and Shade Percentages. International Journal of Materials Science and Applications 5(6), 254-260. DOI: 10.11648/j.ijmsa.20160506.14

Senthilnathan S, Azeez PA. 1999. Water Quality Effluents from Dying and Bleaching Industry in Tirupur, Tamilnadu, India. Journal of Industrial Pollution Control 15(1), 79-88.

Shinde TA, Marathe R, Dorugade VA. 2015. Effect of water hardness on reactive dyeing of cotton. International Journal on Textile Engineering and Processes 1(4).

Sufian MA, Hannan MA, Rana MM, Huq MZ. 2016. Comparative Study of Fastness Properties and Color Absorbance Criteria of Conventional and Avitera Reactive Dyeing On Cotton Knit Fabric. European Scientific Journal 12(15).

Uddin MG, Atiquzzaman ASM. 2014. Estimation of Total Hardness of Bath Water in Knit Dye Houses in Bangladesh and Study of Its Effects, International Journal of Textile Science 3(4), 59-63 DOI: 10.5923/j.textile.20140304.01

Weingärtner H. 2006. Ullmann’s Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry – Water. Weinheim: Wiley–VCH. DOI:10.1002/14356007.a28_001


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background