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Distribution and indigenous use pattern of Quercus species in Malam Jabba Valley Swat

Mian Sayed Bahar, Muhammad Ullah, Haidar Ali, Ayaz Ahmad, Amin Ullah Jan

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.7(5), 180-189, November 2015

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Abstract

The People of Swat valley, particularly of Malam Jabba is culturally inherited to use the Quercus spp. as their favorite fuel wood. Extensive field studies were conducted during March 2012 to February 2014, throughout Malam Jabba valley, Swat. Voucher specimens were collected from various localities along with pertinent phenological information. Total of 41 families of indigenous people of the area, particularly elderly and educated people were interviewed and questionnaires were adopted for this purpose. Two species of the genus Quercus (Fagaceae) were identified i.e. Q. dilatatta Royle and Q. incana Roxb, found in small fragmented habitats, mostly in community owned marginal lands. Population size of Q. dilatatta was 2750 individuals, and Q. incana was 2813 individuals. According to the obtained data, total of consumed fuel wood is 84585 tons in which18.49% is Quercus in the valley per annum (9.65kg per head per day). Both the species are exposed to the threatened habitat due to agricultural land extension, unsustainable cutting for timber, fuel wood and fodder purposes. Unfortunately, there is no forest demarcation and fuel wood production for the valley. It is therefore suggested that alternate fuel sources should be extended to the study area on urgent basis, in order to overcome the problem of fuel wood and maintain the diversity of Quercus spp. in the valley.

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Distribution and indigenous use pattern of Quercus species in Malam Jabba Valley Swat

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