Distribution of dominant weed species in winter wheat at Tabriz county

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/04/2013
Views (313) Download (4)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Distribution of dominant weed species in winter wheat at Tabriz county

Sirous Hassannejad, Soheila Porheidar Ghafarbi
Int. J. Biosci.3( 4), 8-16, April 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Weed flora surveys were conducted to determine the distribution of dominant weed species in wheat (Tirticum aestivum L.) fields at Tabriz county. Only 3.91% of weeds were assertive and observed in more than 60% of fields, but 89.84% of weeds were found in less than 30% of fields. Assertive weeds were corresponding with 13 abundant weed species. These weeds were adapted to farmer’s management methods. The major families for these noxious weeds were Chenopodiaceae, Brassicaceae, and Poaceae with 3, 2, and 2 dominant species, respectively. Acroptilon repens (L.) DC., Eremopyrum Bonaepartis (Spreng.) Nevski, and Cardaria draba (L.) Desv. with 114.1, 105.48, and 100.39 DI (dominance index) were dominant in winter wheat fields at Tabriz county. A. repens (L.) DC. and C. draba (L.) Desv. had highest relationship together. Also, highest correlation was observed between Polygonum aviculare L. and Chenopodium album L. These weeds were observed in more than 60% of fields. E. Bonaepartis (Spreng.) Nevski with mean density 3.26 plants m-2 had highest density, higher values of density shows that this weed has more competitive or reproductive ability than other weeds. And also, higher value of uniformity for E. Bonaepartis (Spreng.) Nevski represents that this weed is more compatible with the soil and climate conditions.

VIEWS 4

Anderson TN, Milberg P. 1998. Weed flora and the relative importance of site, crop, crop rotation, and nitrogen. Weed Science 46, 30-38.

Andreasen C, Stryhn H. 2008. Increasing weed flora in Danish arable fields and its importance for biodiversity. Weed Research 48, 1 – 9. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2008.00603.x

Andreasen C, Skovgard IM. 2009. Crop and soil factors of importance for the distribution of plant species on arable fields in Denmark. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment 133, 61-67. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.agee.2009.05.003

Baghestani MA, Zand E, Soufizadeh S, Eskandari A, Pourazar R, Veysi M,Nassirzadeh N, 2007a. Efficacy evaluation of some dual purpose herbicides to control weeds in maize (Zea mays L.). Crop Protetion 26, 936-942. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2006.08.013

Baghestani MA, Zand E, Soufizadeh S, Jamali M, Maighany F, 2007b. Evaluation of sulfosulfuron for broadleaved and grass weed control in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran. Crop Protection 26, 1385-1389. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2006.11.011

Buhler DD, Daniel TC. 1988. Influence of tillage systems on giant foxtail and velvetleaf density and control in corn. Weed Science 36, 642-647.

Clements DR, Weise SF, Swanton CJ. 1994. Integrated weed management and weed species diversity. Phytoprotection 75, 1–18. http:/dx.doi.org/10.7202/706048ar

Dale MRT, Thomas AG, John EA. 1992. Environmental factors including management practices as correlates of weed community composition in spring seeded crops. Canadian Journal of Botany 70, 1931-1939. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1139/b92-240

Derksen DA, Lafond GP, Thomas AG, Loeppky HA, Swanton CJ. 1993. Impact of agronomic practices on weed communities: tillage systems. Weed Science 41, 409-417.

Doucet C, Weaver SE, Hamill AS, Zhang J. 1999. Separating the effects of crop rotation from weed management on weed density and diversity. Weed Science 47, 729–735.

Frisbie RE, El-Zik KM, Wilson LT. 1989. Integrated Pest Management System and Cotton Production. p. 359.

Ghersa  CM,  Holt  JS.  1995.  Using  phenology prediction on weed management: a Review. Weed Research 35, 461-470. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.13653180.1995.tb01643.x

Hassannejad S, Porheidar-Ghafarbi S. 2012. Introducing new indices for weed flora studies. International Journal of Agriculture and Crop Sciences. 4(22), 1653-1659.

Holm LG, Plucknett DL, Pncho JV, Herberger JP. 1977. The Worlds Worst Weeds Distribution and Biology. University Press of Hawaii, Honolulu, p. 400.

Hyvonen  T,  Ketoja  E,  Salonen  J,  Jalli  H, Tiainen J. 2003. Weed species diversity and community composition in organic and conventional cropping of spring cereals. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment. 97, 131–149. http:// dx.doi.org/10.1016/0167-8809(03)00117-8

Jongman RH, Ter Braak CJ, Van Tongeren OF. 1995. Data Analysis in Community and Landscape Ecology. Cambridge, U.K. Cambridge University Press. 299 .

Marshall EJP, Brown VK, Boatman ND, Lutman PJW, Squire GR, Ward LK. 2003. The role of weeds in supporting biological diversity within crop fields. Weed Research. 43, 77–89. DOI: http:/dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1365-3180.2003.00326.x

Memon RS. 2004. Weed flora composition of wheat and cotton crops in district Khairpur, Sindh. Ph.D. Theses. Department of Botany. Shah Abdul Latif University Khairpur, Sindh. p. 258.

Memon RA, Raza Bhatti G, Khalid Sh, Mallah A, Ahmed Sh. 2013. Ilustrated weed flora of wheat crop of Khairpur district, Sindh. Pakistan Journal of Botany. 45(1), 39-47.

McCully KV, Sampson MG, Watson AK. 1991. Weed  survey  of  Nova  Scotia,  Lowbush  blueberry (Vaccinium angustifoliumm) fields. Weed Science. 39, 180-185.

Minbashi M, Baghestanii MA, Rahimian H. 2008. Introducing abundance index for assessing weed flora in survey studies. Weed Biology and Management 8, 172 – 180. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1445-6664.2008.00293.x

Mori SA, Boom BM, Carvalino AM, Santo TS. 1983. Ecological importance of Mrtaceae in an Eastern Brazilian Wet forest. Biotropica 15, 68-70. http:/dx.doi.org/10.2307/2388002

Murphy C, Lemerie D. 2006. Continuous cropping systems and weed selection. Euphytica 148, 61–73. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10681-006-5941-9

Ominski PD, Entz MH, Kenkel N. 1999. Weed suppression by Medicago sativa in subsequent cereal crops: a comparative survey. Weed Science 47, 282-290.

Powell K, Justum RR. 1993. Technical and commercial aspects of bio control products. Pesticide Science 37, 315-321.

Salonen J. 1993. Weed infestation and factors affecting weed incidence in spring cereals in Finland – a multivariate approach. Agricultural Science in Finland 2, 525–536.

Stevenson FC, Legere A, Simard RR, Angers DA, Pageau D, Lafond J. 1997. Weed species diversity in spring barley varies with crop rotation and tillage but not with nutrient source. Weed Science 45, 798–806.

Thomas AG. 1985. Weed survey system used in Saskatchewan for cereal and oilseed crops. Weed Science 33, 34-43.

Thomas AG, Doohan DJ, McCully KV. 1994. Weed survey of spring cereals in New Brunswick. Phytoprotection 75, 113-124. http:/dx.doi.org/10.7202/706058ar

Wang, S, L.Duan, J.Li, X. Tian, and Z.Li. 2007. UV-B radiation increases paraquat tolerance of two broad  leaved  and  two  grass  weeds  in  relation  to changes in herbicide absorption and photosynthesis. Weed Res 47(2),122- 128. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-3180.2007.00555.x

Zand E, Baghestani MA, Soufizaeh S, Eskandari A, Pourazar R, Veysi M, BAGHERANI N, Sabeti P. 2007a. Evaluation of some newly registered herbicides for weed control in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) in Iran. Crop Protection 26, 1349-1358. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2006.11.011

Zand   E,   Baghestani   MA,   Soufizaeh   S, Pourazar R, Veysi M, BAGHERANI N. 2007b. Broadleaved weed control in winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) with post-emergence herbicides in Iran. Crop Protection 26, 746-752. http:/dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.cropro.2006.06.014