Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | September 6, 2022

VIEWS 47
| Download 33

Diversity, abundance, occurrence, and conservation status of mammals on the islands of Azagny National southern Côte d’Ivoire

Djaha André Koffi, Kouamé Bertin Akpatou, Salifou Koné, Dédé Azani, Yao Célestin Kouakou

Key Words:


Int. J. Biosci.21(3), 52-62, September 2022

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12692/ijb/21.3.52-62

Certification:

IJB 2022 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study was carried out on two islands of the Azagny National Park (ANP) located about halfway along the coast in the south of Côte d’Ivoire. The survey lasted from August to October 2021. It aims to contribute to the conservation of the parc by providing the manager with primary scientific data on mammal communities of the islands. The objective of this study is to determine the specific richness, relative abundance, occurrence, and conservation status of the Mammals of the two islands using the camera trapping method. Thus 18 species belonging to six Orders, 10 families and 17 genera, were detected. Mammals are present on both islands. However, the largest island exhibits greater diversity (15 species) than the smallest (09 species). Furthermore, six species have been observed on both islands. Five of the surveyed species are of conservation interest according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) red list, including the west African chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes’ verus) a critically endangered species and the white-naped mangabey (Cercocebus lunulatus), an endangered species. This pioneering exploration reveals a high conservation value of ANP including its islands.

VIEWS 47

Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Diversity, abundance, occurrence, and conservation status of mammals on the islands of Azagny National southern Côte d’Ivoire

Adiko AEG, Houphlet SDK., Dogbo SF, Vroh Bi TA, Kouame D, Gone Bi ZB, Gnagbo A, Bene JCK, Adou-Yao CY. 2020. Variabilité des traits fonctionnels des espèces arborescentes dans la reconstitution de la végétation du Parc National d’Azagny (Côte d’Ivoire). International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 14(2), 424-439. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v14i2.10

Adou-Yao CY. 2005. Pratiques paysannes et dynamiques de la biodiversité dans la forêt classée de Monogaga (Côte d’Ivoire). Thèse Doctorat unique, Département Hommes Natures et Société, Université MNHN, Paris, France, p 233.

Akpatou KB, Yao KA, Bohoussou KH. 2018. Diversité et Abondance Relative des Mammifères des Forêts Classées de Mabi et de Yaya au Sud-Est de la Côte d’Ivoire : Un État des Lieux. European Journal of Scientific Research 150(2), 213-228.

Bailey LL, MacKenzie DI, Nichols JD. 2014. Advances and applications of occupancy models, Methods in Ecology and Evolution 5(12), 1269–1279.  https://doi.org/10.1111/2041-210X.12100

Bigalke RC. 1964. The Odendaal Report and wildlife in South West Africa. African Wildlife 18(3), 181–188.

Bitty EA, Kadjo B, Gonedelé Bi S, Okon OM, Kouassi KP. 2013. Inventaire de la faune mammalogique d’une forêt urbaine, le Parc National du Banco, Côte d’Ivoire. International Journal of Biological and Chemical Sciences 7(4), 1678-1687. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/ijbcs.v7i4.23

Blake S, Deem SL, Mossimbo E, Maisels F, Walsh P. 2009. Forest elephants: tree planters of the Congo. Biotropica 41, 459-468. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1744-7429.2009.00512.x

Brown E, Dudley N, Lindhe A, Muhtaman DR, Stewart C, Synnott T. 2013 (Octobre). Directives communes pour l’identification des Hautes Valeurs de Conservation. HCV Resource Network, 65.

Currie DJ. 1991. Energy and large-scale patterns of animals and plant species richness. The American Naturalist 137, 27-49.

Evans K, Guariguata MR, Brancalion PHS. 2018. Participatory monitoring to connect local and global priorities for forest restoration. Conservation Biology 32(3), 525-534.

Gnagbo A, Kouame D, Adou-Yao CY. 2016. Diversité des épiphytes vasculaires de la strate inférieure des formations végétales du Parc National d’Azagny (Sud de la Côte d’Ivoire). Journal of Animal and Plant Sciences 28(1), 4366-4386.

Guillera-Arroita G, LahozMonfort JJ. 2012. Designing studies to detect differences in species occupancy: power analysis under imperfect detection. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3(5), 860-869. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.2041-210X.2012.00225.x

Hausser Y, Tagand R, Vimercati E, Mermod S, Fischer C. 2016 Comparing survey methods to assess the conservation value of a community-managed protected area in western Tanzania. African Journal of Ecology 55, 1-11. https://doi.org/10.1111/aje.12301

IUCN, 2022. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species: Version 2022-1. Available from: https://www.iucnredlist.org/species/4206/92247733

Johns AD. 1985. Differential detectability of primates between primary and selectively logged habitats and implications for population surveys. American Journal of Primatology 8, 31-36.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ajp.1350.080104

Kadjo B, Azani D, Tsague L, Gomse A. 2014. Etat des lieux des populations d’Hippopotames et autres grands mammifères du Parc National de la Marahoué (Côte d’Ivoire). Agronomie Africaine 26 (2), 89-101.

Kingdon J. 2015. The Kingdon field guide to African mammals, UK: Bloomsbury Publishing. London, p 640.

Konan KE. 2008. Conservation de la diversité végétale et activités humaines dans les aires protégées du sud forestier ivoirien : l’exemple du Parc National d’Azagny. Thèse Unique Université d’Abidjan-Cocody, p 269.

Koffi BJC, Dao D, Nguessan E. 2015. Gestion durable de la faune et des ressources cynégétiques en Côte d’Ivoire, Rapport pour les Etats généraux de la forêt, de la faune et des ressources en eau, Ernst & Young Advisory p  67.

Koffi DA, Kassi NJJD, Bene JC, N’guessan KA, Kouakou YC. 2019. Diversity and abundance of terrestrial mammals in the northern periphery of Tanoe-Ehy forest in rainy season (South-eastern of Côte d’Ivoire), Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 15(5), 61-68.

Kouakou JL, Gonedelé Bi S, Bitty EA, Kouakou CY, Yao AK, Kassé KB, Ouattara S. 2020. Ivory Coast without ivory: Massive extinction of African forest elephants in Côte d’Ivoire. PLoS ONE 15(10), e0232993. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0232993

Kouakou CY, N’gorand CJ, Koffi AD, Kely RM, N’guessan AK, Diarrassouba A, Tondossama A, Béné JCK. 2021. Diversity and distribution of large and medium-sized mammals of PK28 and Apollinaire quasi-island of the north of Taï National Park, Côte d’Ivoire, International Journal of Innovation and Applied Studies 33(3), 541-550.

Kouamé D, Adou-Yao CY, Kouassi KE, N’guessan KE, Akoi K. 2008. Preliminary floristic inventory and diversity in Azagny National Park (Côte d’Ivoire). European Journal of Scientific Research 23, 537-547.

Kouamé NG, Konan JCBYN, Adepo-Gourène AB, Gourène G, Rödel MO. 2014.The amphibians of the Yakassé-Mé village forest, a threatened rainforest of southeastern Ivory Coast. Herpetology Notes 7, 657-665.

Lauginie F. 2007. Conservation de la nature et aires protégées en Côte d’Ivoire, Edition CEDA/NEI | Abidjan, Côte d’Ivoire, p 668.

Magurran E. 2004. Measuring Biological diversity. Oxford, UK: Blackwell publishing, p 256.

Marchesi P, Marchesi N, Fruth B, Boesch C. 1995. Census and distribution of chimpanzees in Cote d’Ivoire. Primates 36, 591-607. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF02382880

Masumbuko B, Somda J. 2014.Analyse des liens existant entre le changement climatique, les aires protégées, et les communautés en Afrique de l’Ouest. UNEP‐WCMC technical report, p 35.

Neilson EW, Avgar T, Burton AC, Broadley K, Boutin S. 2018. Animal movement affects interpretation of occupancy models from camera‐trap surveys of unmarked animals. Ecosphere 9(1), 1-15. http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com      http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/ecs2.2092/full

Ngandjui G, Blanc CP. 2001. Activités humaines et mammifères dans la réserve du Dja, Sud-Cameroun. Bois & Forêts des Tropiques 269(269), 19-29. https://doi.org/10.19182/bft2001.269.a20087

Rovero F, Zimmermann F. 2016.Camera Trapping for Wildlife Research. Exeter: Pelagic Publiching, UK, p 232. https://doi.org/10.1002/jwmg.21293

Stein A, Gerstner K, Kreft H. 2014. Environmental heterogeneity as a universal driver of species richness across taxa, biomes and spatial scales. Ecology Letters 17, 866-880. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ele.12277

Tews J, Brose U, Grimm V, Tielborger K, Wichmann MC, Schwager M. 2004. Animal species diversity driven by habitat heterogeneity/diversity: the importance of keystone structures. Journal of. Biogeography 31, 79-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.03050270.2003.00994.x

Tim SD, Graeme CH, Don AD. 2021. Human disturbance causes widespread disruption of animal movement. Nature Ecology and Evolution 5, 513-519. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/s41559-020-01380-1.

Triplet P. 2009. Manuel de gestion des aires protégées d’Afrique francophone. Awelye, Paris, p 1234.

Tuomisto H. 2010. A consistent terminology for quantifying species diversity? Yes, it does exist. Oecologia 164, 853-860. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00442-010-1812-0

Vergnes V, Mao NR. 2012. Réalisation d’une étude sur l’état de la biodiversité des parcs nationaux et réserves de Côte d’Ivoire : Evaluation rapide de la diversité faunique terrestre de quatre parcs nationaux en Côte d’Ivoire, Rapport Afrique Nature International, p 33.

Walsh JC, Venter O, Watson JEM, Fuller RA, Blackburn TM, Possingham HP. 2012. Exotic species richness and native species endemism increase the impact of exotic species on islands. Global Ecology and Biogeography 21(8), 841-850. http://wileyonlinelibrary.com/journal/geb   http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1466-8238.2011.00724.x

Zuberbühler K. 2000b. Causal knowledge of predators’ behaviour in wild Diana monkeys. Animal Behaviour 59, 209-220. https://doi.org/10.1006/anbe.1999.1296

Zurkinden D. 2017. Etude de l’abondance relative et de la structure d’une communauté de carnivores dans un écosystème de forêt sèche sur une base de données de pièges photographiques. Thèse de bachelor of Science Haute Ecole Spécialisée Suisse Occidentale, Genève, Suisse, p 67.

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background