Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Diversity and community characteristics of Eleotridae (Pisces: Actinopterygii: Perciformes) from the coastal waters of Benin (West Africa)

Research Paper | December 1, 2021

| Download 14

Pejanos Stanislas Sonon, Edmond Sossoukpe, Alphonse Adite, Adam Gbankoto, Youssouf Abou

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.19( 6), 63-79, December 2021


JBES 2021 [Generate Certificate]


Also called “squeakers”, the fishes of Eleotridae family appear to be an important component of the Benin coastal water fisheries, but also have a potential for aquaculture. The current ichtyological survey documents eleotrid fish composition and community structure in the degrading coastal waters of Benin in order to contribute to habitat protection, species conservation and aquaculture valorization. Eleotrid samplings were made monthly from April 2017 to September 2018 in Lake Nokoué, Porto-Novo Lagoon, Coastal Lagoon and Lake Ahémé using castnets, seines, gillnets and traps. Five (5) species, Dormitator lebretonis, Eleotris vittata, Eleotris daganensis, Eleotris senegalensis and Bostrychus africanus have been inventoried. Dormitator lebretonis was the dominant eleotrid making 57.91% – 87.39% of the squeaker assemblages. The highest Shannon-Weaver index of eleotrid diversity (H’=3.82) was recorded in Porto-Novo Lagoon, a relatively less degraded ecosystem, whereas the lowest H’=1.54 was recorded in Lake Ahémé, a highly degraded coastal water. Eleotrids exhibited a relatively high tolerance to environmental quality due to their euryhaline behaviour and the presence of adaptive air breathing organs. A sustainable exploitation of squeakers requires a holistic approach of coastal waters management.


Copyright © 2021
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Diversity and community characteristics of Eleotridae (Pisces: Actinopterygii: Perciformes) from the coastal waters of Benin (West Africa)

Adite A, Winemiller KO. 1997. Trophic Ecology and Ecomorphology of Fish Assemblages in Coastal Lakes of Benin, West Africa. Ecoscience 4, 6-23.

Adite A, Imorou Toko I, Gbankoto A. 2013. Fish Assemblages in the Degraded Mangrove Ecosystems of the Coastal Zone, Benin, West Africa: Implications for Ecosystem Restoration and Resources Conservation. Journal of Environmental Protection 4, 1461-1475.

Adite A, Gbaguidi HMAG, Ibikounle M. 2017. Growth patterns and Fulton’s condition factor of the silver catfish Chrysichthys nigrodigitatus (Actinopterygii: Siluriformes: Claroteidae) from a sand dragged man-made lake of Benin. African Journal of Agricultural Research 12(27), 2283-2294.

Agbohessi TP, Toko II, N’tcha I, Geay Florian A, Mandiki SNM, Kestemont P. 2014. Exposure to agricultural pesticides impairs growth, feed utilization and energy budget in African Catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) fingerlings. International Aquatic Research 6, 229-243.

Babatounde A. 2015. Eléments d’écologie et de biologie de Dormitator lebretonis (Eleotridae) à la lagune côtière du Bénin. Master thesis, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin, 7-49.

Berra T. 2001. Freshwater Fish distribution. Academic Press, San Diego, California, USA.

Berger WH, Parker FL. 1970. Diversity of planktonic foraminifera in deep-sea sediments. Science 168, 1345-1347. https://doi.org/10.1126/ science. 168.3937. 1345.

Ekpo EI, Essien-Ibok MA, Effiong EE. 2015. Biology of bigmouth sleeper, Eleotris vittata (Dumaèril, 1861) (Pisces ; Eleotridae) in the lower Cross River, Nigeria. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies 3(2), 346-352.

Gnohossou PM. 2006. La faune benthique d’une lagune ouest africaine (le lac Nokoue au Benin), diversité, abondance, variations temporelles et spatiales, place dans la chaine trophique. PhD thesis, Institut National Polytechnique de Toulouse, France 17-153.

Graham JB, Wegner NC. 2010. Respiratory Physiology of Vertebrates: Life with and without oxygen. Cambridge University Press.

Hamil S, Arab S, Arab A. 2018. Assessment of surface water quality using multivariate statistical analysis techniques: a case study from Ghrib dam, Algeria. Arabian Journal of Geosciences 11, 1-14.

Hazoume RUS. 2017. Diversité organisation trophique et exploitation des poissons de la rivière Sô au Benin (Afrique de l’Ouest). PhD thesis, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin, 92-142.

Hazoume RUS, Chikou A, Koudenoukpo C, Houndonougbo P, Adite A, Bonou CA, Mensah GA. 2016. Length-weight relationships of 30 species of fish of the river Sô in Benin (West Africa). Journal of Agriculture and Environmental Sciences 5, 78-83.

Hauber ME. 2011. Description and Improvement of the ‘Whedo’‐ Aquaculture ‐ System in Malanville (North of Benin). PhD thesis, University of Würzburg, Germany 78-108.

John HG. 1986. Buoyancy control of four species of eleotrid fishes during aquatic surface respiration Environmental Biology of Fishes 16, 269-278.

Kakpo E. 2011. Biodiversité et exploitation des poissons du Bas-Mono: Implications pour la conservation et la gestion durable des ressources halieutiques. Master thesis, University of Abomey-Calavi, Benin 9-51.

Keith P, Lord C, Vigneux E. 2006. In vivo observation on post larval development of fresh water gobies and eleotrids from French Polynesia and New Caledonia. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwater 17, 187-191.

Kramer DL, Manley D, Bourgeois R. 1983. The effect of respiratory mode and oxygen concentration on the risk of aerial predation in fishes. Canadian Journal of Zoology 61, 653-665.

Laleye PA, Chikou A, Philippart JC, Teugels G, Vandewalles P. 2004. Etude de la diversité ichtyologique du bassin du fleuve Ouémé au Bénin (Afrique de l’Ouest) Cybium 28(4), 329-339.

Lalèyè PA, Niyonkuru C, Moreau J, Teugels GG. 2003. Spatial and seasonal distribution of the ichthyofauna of Lake Nokoué, Benin, west Africa. African Journal of Aquatic Sciences 28, 151-161.

Lévêque C, Paugy D, Teugels GG. 1992. Faune des poissons d’eaux douces et saumâtres de l’Afrique de l’Ouest. Paris, ORSTOM press.

Lederoun D. 2015. Ichtyofaune du bassin du fleuve Mono (Benin et Togo) : diversité, écologie et impacts anthropiques. PhD thesis, University of Liège, Belgium, 78-285.

Margalef R. 1968. Perspective in Ecological Theory, University of Chicago Press. Chicago.

Morgan GA, Grieggo OV, Gloeckner GW. 2001. SPSS for Windows: An introduction to use and interpretation in research. Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Mahwah, New Jersey.

Nelson JS. 1994. Fishes of world. Third Edition. John Wiley & Sons. Inc. New York.

Nordlie FG. 1981. Feeding and reproductive biology of Eleotrid fishes in a tropical estuary. Journal of Fish Biology 18, 97-110.

Nordlie FG. 1978. Niche specificities of Eleotrid fishes in a tropical estuary. Revista de Biologia Tropical 27, 35-50.

Odountan OH, Bisthoven LJ, Koudenoukpo CZ, Abou Y. 2019. Spatio-temporal variation of environmental variables and aquatic macroinvertebrate assemblages in Lake Nokoué, a RAMSAR site of Benin. African Journal of Aquatic Sciences 44(5), 219-231.

Pezold F, Cage B. 2001. A review of the spinycheek sleepers, genus Eleotris (Teleostei; Eleotridae) of the Western hemisphere with comparison to the West African species. Tulane Studies in Zoology and Botany 32, 1-12.

Pianka ER. 1994. Evolutionary ecology. 5th Edition. Harper Collins College Publishers. New York.

Rodriguez GA, Medina-Hernández EA, Velázquez-Sandoval JVL, Dabrowski K Gaxiola-Camacho E, Haws MC. 2012. Production of Chame (Dormitator Latifrons, Pisces: Eleotridae) larvae using GnRHa and LHRHa. Revista Colombiana de Ciencias Pecuarias 25, 422-429.

Shannon C, Weaver E. 1963. The Mathematical Theory of Communication; University of Illinois Press, Urbana.

Sidi Imorou R, Adite A, Adjibade NK, Sonon SP, Arame H, Abou Y. 2019. Fish biodiversity and community structure of Okpara stream, Oueme River, Benin, West Africa: Risk of high predation and food-web alteration. Journal of Biodiversity and Environmental Sciences 14(6), 272-289

Sonon PS, Adite A. 2021. Exposure to salinity of Dormitator lebretonis reared in tapolen tanks (summited to Aquatic Research).

Teugels GG, Reid GMG, King RF. 1992. Fishes of the Cross River Basin (Cameroon-Nigeria): Taxonomy, Zoogeography, Ecology and Conservation. Koninklijk Museum voor Midden-Afrika Tervuren, Belgium 260, 112-132.

Todd ES. 1973. Positive buoyancy and air-breathing: A new piscine gas bladder function. Copeia 3, 461-464.

Texier H, Dossou C, Colleuil B, Profizi JP. 1980. Le lac Nokoué, environnement du domaine margino-littoral Sud-Béninois : Bathymétrie-lithofaciès, salinités, mollusques et peuplements végétaux. Bulletin de l’Institut Géolologique du Bassin d’Aquitaine 28, 115-142.

Welcomme RL. 1972. An evaluation of Acadja method of fishing as practiced in the coastal lagoons of Dahomey (West Africa). Journal of Fish Biology 4, 39-55.