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Diversity and distribution of Avifauna in Mapawa Nature Park, Cugman, Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental

Research Paper | December 1, 2020

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Clarise L. Parreno, Irene V. Sanchez, Angela A. Vasallo, Sonnie A. Vedra, Richel E. Relox

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.17( 6), 1-8, December 2020


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Bird population is an indicates the quality of habitat as they respond to threats and varying ecological conditions. Descriptive type of research was used in the study which aimed to assess the species composition, abundance, diversity, endemism, richness, conservation status and distribution of birds in the area. Birds were sampled using point-count method and mist netting methods. Geographic Information System (GIS) was used to determine the distribution of the avifauna species. It was found out that Mapawa Nature Park of Barangay Cugman, Cagayan De Oro City, Misamis Oriental harbors 47 avifauna species which belong to 10 Orders and 24 Families. In which, 16 species are endemic in the Philippines, 27 are resident birds, three are migratory and one is near endemic. Among the avifauna, Philippine Bulbul has the highest relative abundance (28.4%) while Zebra Dove, Mangrove KingFisher, Whiskered Tree Swift, Philippine Hawked Owl, Philippine Dwarf King Fisher, Red Bellied Pita and Blue Tailed Bee-Eater are the least abundant species (0.20%). The area has high diversity index (H=3.03) and evenness (E= 0.49) which means that it is diverse in terms of avifauna species. For species distribution, an omnivorous bird was the most abundant, Philippine Bulbul due to the availability of food in their habitat. Furthermore, Mapawa Nature Park is a home of abundant, rich and diverse birds in Northern Mindanao. Information and awareness strategies must be implemented inside the area for the protection and conservation of bird species.


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Diversity and distribution of Avifauna in Mapawa Nature Park, Cugman, Cagayan de Oro City, Misamis Oriental

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