Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | January 1, 2015

VIEWS 1
| Download 1

Diversity and distribution of butterflies in the open and close canopy forests of Cadaclan, San Fernando La union botanical garden of North Luzon, the Philippines

Alma E. Nacua, Alma B. Mohagan, Grecebio Jonathan D. Alejandro

Key Words:


J. Bio. Env. Sci.6(1), 169-177, January 2015

Certification:

JBES 2015 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

Butterflies were sampled in Cadaclan, San Fernando La Union Botanical Garden (LUBG) of North Luzon to provide information on species-level diversity trend and distribution of butterflies on the open and close canopy portion of the dipterocarp forest from 2012-2014 using field transect method Species accumulation curve shows that additional sampling is needed for the possible turnover of species. Butterfly abundance was higher in open canopy forest with a mean individual of 8.14 per 10 meters out of the 814 total individuals. The close canopy forest had only 4.57 mean individuals for the total of 457. Species level diversity was higher in open canopy forest (H’ = 1.957) compared with the closed canopy forest (H’ = 1.933). These results suggest that butterflies prefer open canopy forest or clearing for their plights. Butterfly spatial distribution was uneven in the dipterocarp forest of LUBG with only 6 species of aggregate assemblages and 98 species with random distribution.

VIEWS 1

Copyright © 2015
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
http://innspub.net
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Diversity and distribution of butterflies in the open and close canopy forests of Cadaclan, San Fernando La union botanical garden of North Luzon, the Philippines

Baltazar CR. 1991. An Inventory of Philippine Insects: Order Lepidoptera. Philippine Entomology, 39 – 340.

Billones LB. 2012. Diversity Assessment and Distribution of Butterflies across Vegetation Types of Mt. Kitanglad. BS Thesis Central Mindanao University, Musuan, Maramag, Bukidnon. pp. 10-105.

BRE. 2014. Biodiversity Guidance for Solar Developments. Eds G E Parker and L. Greene

Cayabyab BF. 1992. A survey of the Rhopalocera (Lepidoptera) of Mt Makiling. PMCP. UPLB

Davis JD, Hendrix SD, Debinski DM and Hemsley CJ. 2008. Butterfly, bee and forb community composition and cross-taxon incongruence in tall grass prairie fragments. Journal of Insect Conservation 12(1), 69–79

Emmel T, Emmel J. 1963. Composition and Relative Abundance in a Temperate Zone Butterfly Fauna. Journal of Research in Lepidoptera 1(2), 97-108,196.

Estoque RC, Estoque RS, Murayama Y. 2012. Prioritizing Areas for Rehabilitation by Monitoring Change in Barangay-Based Vegetation Cover. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information 1(3), 46– 68. doi 10.3390/ijgi1010046

Ferrer-Paris JR, Sánchez-Mercado A, Viloria ÁL, Donaldson J. , 2013. Congruence and Diversity of Butterfly-Host Plant Associations at Higher Taxonomic Levels. PLoS ONE 8(5): e63570. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0063570

Kruger MA. 2005. The effects of insect diversity on three production fields: an apple orchard, a field, and a garden. Sydney Australia.

Lit IL. 2001. A taxonomic list of butterflies (Lepidoptera: Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) from Mount Banahao de Lucban, Quezon Province, Philippines. The Philippine Entomologist 15(2), 151-161.

Marchiori MO, Romanowski HP. 2006. , Species composition and diel variation of a butterfly taxocene (Lepidoptera, Papilionoidea and Hesperioidea) in a restinga forest at Itapu˜a State Park, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. , Revista Brasileira de Zoologia 23(2), 443–454

McDonnell MJ, Pickett STA. 1990. Ecosystem structure and function along urban-rural gradients: an unexploited opportunity for ecology. Ecology 71(4), 1232-37

Mihoci I, Hrsak V, Kucinic M, Micetic Stankovic V, Delic A, Tvrtkovic N. 2011. Butterfly diversity and biogeography on the Croatian karst mountain Biokovo : Vertical distribution and preference for altitude and aspect . European Journal of Entomology, 108 (4), 623–633. doi: 10.14411/eje.2011.081

Mohagan AB, Mohagan DP, Tambuli AE. 2011. Diversity of Butterflies in the Selected Key Biodiversity Areas of Mindanao, Philippines. Asian Journal of Biodiversity 2(1). Retrieved on February 14, 2014 from http: //goggle/9ZpdQx.

Mohagan AB, Treadaway CG. 2010. Diversity and Status of Butterflies across Vegetation Types of Mt. Hamiguitan, Davao Oriental, Philippines. Asian Journal of Biodiversity 1(1). Retrieved on Oct.28, 2014 from http://goo.gl/Gja68D

Munyuli MBT. 2010. Pollinator biodiversity and economic value of pollination services in Uganda [Ph.D. Dissertation], Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda

Munyuli MBT. 2012. Butterfly Diversity from Farmlands of Central Uganda. Psyche: A Journal of Entomology 2012, 1–23. doi:10.1155/2012/481509

Ramirez RKC, Mohagan AB. 2012. Diversity and Status of Butterflies in Maitum Village, Tandag, Surigao del Sur, Philippines. Asian Journal of Biodiversity 3(1). Retrieved on Oct.28, 2014 from http://goo.gl/VF7jwH

Reeder KF, Debinek DM, Danielson BJ. , 2005. Factors affecting Butterflies use of Filter Strips in Midwestern, USA. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 109, 40-47. Retrieved on Nov.28, 2014 from www.sciencedirect.com.

Rodriguez CJ, Willnot KR, Liger B. 2014. Microclimate Variability Significantly Affects the Composition, Abundance, and Phenology of Butterfly Communities in a Highly Threatened Neotropical Dry Forest. Florida Entomologist 97(1), 1-13. doi:http//dx.doi.org 10.1653/024.097.0101

Stefanescu C, Herrando S, Paramo F. 2004. Butterfly species richness in the north-west Mediterranean Basin : the role of natural and human-induced factors. Journal of Biogeography 31, 905– 915.

Stefanescu C, Torre I, Jubany J, Páramo, F. 2010. Recent trends in butterfly populations from north-east Spain and Andorra in the light of habitat and climate change. Journal of Insect Conservation 15(1-2), 83–93. doi: 10.1007/s10841-010-9325-z

Storch D, Konvicka M, Benes J, Martinkova J, Gaston KJ. 2003. Distribution patterns in butterflies and birds of the Czech Republic: separating effects of habitat and geographical position. Journal of Biogeography 30, 1195–1205.

Toledo, JMS, Mohagan, AB. 2011. Diversity and Status of Butterflies in Mt. Timpoong and Mt. Hibok-hibok, Camiguin Island, Philippines. JPAIR Multidisciplinary Research, 6(1). Retrieved on Oct.28, 2014 from http://goo.gl/Omisnp

Treadaway, CG, Schroeder HG. 2012. Revised Checklist of the butterflies of the Philippine Islands (Lepidoptera: Rhopalocera). EntomologischerVereins Apollo. Retrieved on Oct.28, 2014 from http://goo.gl/E3yskw

SUBMIT MANUSCRIPT

Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background