Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Diversity and distribution patterns of aquatic insects in fish farm ponds in South Côte d’Ivoire

Research Paper | May 1, 2014

| Download 6

YAPO Michel Laurince, EDIA Oi Edia, YTE Wongbé, ATSE Boua Célestin, KOUASSI Philippe

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.4( 5), 335-348, May 2014


JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


A study was conducted in five fish farm ponds in Southern Ivory Coast from December 2007 to November 2008. Overall, 79 taxa belonging to 35 families and 8 orders of aquatic insects were identified. Hemiptera and Coleoptera dominated qualitatively aquatic insect community. Taxa richness is higher in Banco and lower in Layo. Three taxa of Coleoptera (Pseudobagous sp., Bagous sp., Macroplea sp.), one taxa of Hemiptera (Valleriola sp.) and one taxa of Megaloptera (Corydalidae) have been recorded from Côte d’Ivoire for the first time. The Self-Organizing Map (SOM) was used to analyze patterns of insect assemblages. Samples were classified into three clusters. Samples from Azaguié, Anyama I and Anyama II were mainly gathered in cluster I while clusters II and III were respectively characterized primarily by samples from Banco and Layo. Salinity and conductivity were the most dominant variables governing aquatic insect distribution. This study allowed to know the community structure of aquatic insects and the distribution of samples based on environmental parameters and taxa assemblages.


Copyright © 2014
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Diversity and distribution patterns of aquatic insects in fish farm ponds in South Côte d’Ivoire

Apinda-Legnouo EA. 2007.The conservation value of artificiel ponds in the western CAPE province for aquatic beetles and bugs. PhD Thesis, University of Stellenbosch, 190 p.

Boix D, Gascon S, Sala J, Badosa A, Brucet S, Lopez-Flores R, Martinoy M, Gifre J, Quintana XD. 2007. Patterns of composition and species richness of crustaceans and aquatic insects along environmental gradients in Mediterranean water bodies, Hydrobiologia 597, 53-69.

Bonada N, Zamora-Muñoz C, Rieradevall M, Prat N. 2005. Ecological and historical filters constraining spatial caddisfly distribution in Mediterranean rivers, Freshwater Biology 50, 781-797.

Bony KY, Kouassi CN, Diomandé D, Gourène G, Verdoit-Jarraya M, Pointier PJ. 2008. Ecological conditions for the spread of the invasive snail Physa marmorata (Pulmonata: Physidae) in Ivory Coast. African Zoology 43, 53-60.

Chase JM, Ryberg WA. 2004.  Connectivity, scale dependence, and the productivity–diversity relationship, Ecology Letters 7, 676-683.

Céréghino R, Ruggiero A, Marty P, Angélibert S. 2008. Biodiversity and distribution patterns of freshwater invertebrates in farm ponds of a south-western French agricultural landscape, Hydrobiologia 597, 43-51.

Dejoux C, Elouard JM, Forge P, Malsin J. 1981. Catalogue iconographique des insectes aquatiques de Côte d’Ivoire. Rapport ORSTOM, 178 p.

Della Bella V, Bazzanti M, Chiarotti F. 2005. Macroinvertebrate diversity and conservation status of Mediterranean ponds in Italy: water permanence and mesohabitat influence. Aquatic Conservation and Marine and Freshwater Ecosystem 15, 583-600.

De Meester L, Declerck S, Stoks R, Louette G, Van de Meutter F, De Bie T, Michels E, Brendonck L. 2005. Ponds and pools as model systems in conservation biology, ecology and evolutionary biology, Aquatic Conservation and Marine and Freshwater Ecosystem 15, 715-725.

de Moor IJ, Day JA, de Moor FC. 2003 a. Guide to the Freshwater Invertebrates of Southern Africa. Volume 7: Insecta I : Ephemeroptera, Odonata & Plecoptera.Rapport N° TT 207/03 Water Research Commission, South Africa, 288 p.

de Moor IJ, Day JA, de Moor FC. 2003 b. Guide to the Freshwater Invertebrates of Southern Africa. Volume 8: Insecta II: Hemiptera Megaloptera Neuroptera, Trichoptera & Lepidoptera. Rapport N° TT 214/03 Water Research Commission, South Africa, 209 p.

Dietoa YM, Gourène G, OuattaraA. 2007. Habitudes alimentaires de Brycinus longipinnisdans le complexe fluvio-lacustre de la Bia, Côte d’Ivoire, Belgium Journal of Zoology 137 (1), 3-9.

Diomandé D, Bony KY, Edia OE, Konan KF, Gourène G. 2009 b. Diversité des Macroinvertébrés Benthiques de la Rivière Agnéby (Côte d’Ivoire; Afrique de l’Ouest). European Journal of Scientific Research, 35 (3), 368-377.

Diomandé D, Doumbia L, Gourène G. 2009 a. Stratégies alimentaires de deux espèces de poissons-chats dans l’hydrosystème fluvio-lacustre de la Bia: Synodontis bastiani Daget, 1948 et S. schall (Bloch et Schneider, 1801). European Journal of Scientific Research., 27 (1), 66-76.

Dunbar MJ, Warren M, Extence C, Baker L, Cadman D, Mould DJ, Hall J, Chadd R. 2010. Interaction between macroinvertebrates, discharge and physical habitat in upland rivers, Aquatic Conservation and Marine and Freshwater Ecosystem 20 (1), 31-44.

Edia OE, Brosse S, Ouattara A, Gourène G, Winterton P, Lek-Ang S. 2007. Aquatic Insect Assemblage Patterns in Four West-African Coastal Rivers. Journal of Biological Sciences 77, 1130-1138.

Edia OE, Gevrey M, Ouattara A, Brosse S, Gourène G, Lek S. 2010. Patterning and predicting aquatic insect richness in four West-African coastal rivers using artificial neural networks. Knowledge and Management of Aquatic Ecosystem. DOI: 10.1051/kmae/20010029 398 (6).

Efron B. 1983. Estimating the error rate of a prediction rule: some improvements on cross-validation, Journal of the American Statistical Association 78, 316-331.

Giraudel JL, Lek S. 2001. A comparison of Self-Organising Map and some conventional statistical methods for ecological community ordination. Ecological Modelling 146, 329-339.

Hansson LA, Bronmark C, Nilsson PA, Abjornsson K. 2005. Conflicting demands on wetland ecosystem services: nutrient retention, biodiversity or both?, Freshwater Biology 50, 705-714.

Ihaka R, Gentleman R. 1996. R: a language for data analysis and graphics. Journal of Computational and Graphical Statistics 5, 299-314.

Johnson RA, Wichern DW. 1992. Applied multivariate Statistical Analysis. Prentice-Hall International, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, 642 p.

Karaus U, Adler L, Tockner K. 2005. Concave island: habitat heterogeneity of parafluvial ponds in a grave-bed river, Wetlands 25, 26-37.

Kasangaki A, Resh V, Chapman L, Gandhi W, Otika. P, Muhabwe R. 2007. Use of benthic macroinvertebrates to assess the conservation status of streams and rivers in the Albertine Rifit region of Uganda. Proceedings of the Society for Conservation Biology 21st Annual Meeting, 1st-5th July 2007, Port Elizabeth, South Africa

Kohonen T. 2001. Self-Organizing Maps. 3rd édition, Springer-Verlag Berlin, Germany, 501 p.

Konan KJ, Atsé BC, Kouassi NJ. 2008. Habitudes et stratégies alimentaires de Tylochromis jentinki jentinki (Cichlidae) dans la lagune Ébrié, Côte d’ivoire. Cybium 32 (1), 38.

Kouamélan PE, Teugels GG, Gourène G, Thys Van Den Audenaerde DFE, Ollevier F. 2000. Habitudes alimentaires de Mormyrops anguilloïdes (Mormyridae) En milieu lacustre et fluvial d’un basin ouest africain, Cybium, 24 (1), 67-79.

Legendre M, Pagano M, Saint-Jean L. 1987. Peuplements et biomasse zooplanctonique dans des étangs de pisciculture lagunaire (Layo, Côte d’Ivoire). Etude de la recolonisation après la mise en eau. Aquaculture 67, 321-341.

Lek S, Giraudel JL, Guégan JF. 2000. Neuronal networks: algorithms and architecture for ecologists and evolutionary ecologists. In: S. Lek and J. F. Guégan (Eds.), Artificial Neuronal networks: Aplication to Ecology and Evolution, Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 3-27.

Oertli B, Biggs J, Céréghino R, Grillas P, Joly P, Lachavanne JB. 2005. Conservation and monitoring of pond biodiversity: introduction. Aquatic Conservation and Marine and Freshwater Ecosystem 15, 535–540.

Park YS, Céréghino R, Compin A, Lek S. 2003. Applications of artificial neural networks for patterning and predicting aquatic insects species richness in running waters. Ecological Modelling 160, 265-280.

Quintana X D, Boix D, Badosa A, Brucet S, Compte J, Gascón S, López-Flores R, Sala J, Moreno-Amich R. 2006. Community structure in mediterranean shallow lentic ecosystems: size-based vs. taxon-based approaches. Limnetica 25, 303-320.

Ruggiero A, Céréghino R, Figuerola J, Marty P, Angélibert S. 2008. Farm ponds make a contribution to the biodiversity of aquatic insects in a French agricultural landscape, Comptes Rendus de Biologie 331, 298–308.

Scheffer M, Van Geest GJ, Zimmer K, Jeppesen E, Sonder-gaard M, Butler MG, Hanson MA, Declerck S, De Meester L. 2006. Small habitat size and isolation can promote species richness: second-order effects on biodiversity in shallow lakes and ponds, Oikos 112, 227-231.

Tachet H, Richoux P, Bournaud M, Usseglio-Polatera P. 2003. Invertébrés d’eau douce: systématique, biologie, écologie: CNRS Eds. Paris, 587 p.

Varandas SG, Cortes RMV. 2010. Evaluating macroinvertebrate biological metrics for ecological assessment of streams in northern Portugal. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 166, 201-221.

Williams DD, Felmate BW. 1992. Aquatic Insects. CAB International, Wallgford, Oxford, 358 p.

Williams P, Whitfield M, Biggs J, Bray S, Fox G, Nicolet P, Sear D. 2004. Comparative Biodiversity of rivers, streams ditches and pond in an agricultural landscape in southern England, Biological Conservation 115, 329-341

Wunderlin DA, Diaz MP, Ame MV, Pesce SF, Hued AC, Bistoni MA. 2001. Pattern recognition techniques for the evaluation temporal variations in water quality. A case study: Suquia river basin (Cordoba-Argentina), Water Research 35, 2881-2894.

Yapo ML, Atsé BC, Dietoa Y M, Kouassi P. 2007. Composition spécifique et abondance des insectes aquatiques des étangs piscicoles de basse côte d’ivoire. Journal Ivoirien d’Océanologie et de Limnologie 1, 22- 30.

Yapo ML, Atsé BC, Kouassi P. 2012. Inventaire des insectes aquatiques des étangs de piscicoles au sud de la Côte d’Ivoire. Journal of Applied Biosciences 58, 4208-4222.

Yapo ML, Atse BC, Kouassi P. 2013. Composition, abundance and diversity of Aquatic insects in fishponds of southern Ivory Coast, West Africa. Faunistic Entomology 66, 123-133.