Diversity and ecological characteristics of family papilionaceae at district nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/08/2014
Views (177) Download (7)

Diversity and ecological characteristics of family papilionaceae at district nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Sajjad Ali, Syed Zahir Shah, Wisal Muhammad Khan, Farrukh Hussain
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 2), 72-76, August 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]


The result conclude that total of 33 species belong to 21 genera of family Papilionaceae were identified from the research area. The members of this family were found in abundance that why infective amount of species were identified, 4 species belong to genus Medicago, 3 species from Vicia, Phaseolus and Lathyrus. 2 species from Trifolium, Melilotus, and Astragalus respectively. Once species from Pisum, Parkinsonia, Cicer, Dalbergia, Crotolaria, Alhagi, Arachus, Cyamopsis, Cajanus, Glycine, Lotus, Lens, Pongamia, and Sophora. The main purpose of the study is to explore, documents and identified the maximum number of the species of family Papilionaceae in the studied in research area, on the base of certain conclusion and survey we also know about the members of this family under different conditions. 7 (21.2 %) species were found in autumn, 12 (36.3 %) species were found in winter, 19 (57.5 %) species in spring and 16 (48.4 %) in summer respectively. In different habitat its percentage were 14 (42.4 %) species occure on dry. 8 species (24.2 %) were on wet land and 11 species (33.3 %) were cultivated. The main adjective was led on wild species. Life form classes indicated 75.5% therophytes followed by 12% nanophanerophytes, 6% chaemophytes and 3% by hemicryptophytes and Microphanerophytes. The leaf size spectra shows that Leptophyll with 51.5% were dominant followed by the Nanophyll with 48.4 %.The wild species were Dalbergia sisoo, Lathyrus aphaca, Lathyrus sativus, Medicago asceronianna Medicago minima, Medicago polymorpha. Along with the cultivated species were also collected this cultivated species were having economic importance species are (Pisum sativum, Trifolium alxndrianum, Trifoleum repenes and specie of Phaseolus).


Ali SI, Nasir YJ. 1995-2008. Flora of Pakistan. Nos. 194-208. Department of Botany, University of Karachi.

Chikowo R, Mapfumo P, Leffelaar P A, Giller KE. 2007. Integrating legumes to improve N cycling on smallholder farms in sub-humid Zimbabwe: resource quality, biophysical and environmental limitations. In Advances in integrated soil fertility management in sub-Saharan Africa: challenges and opportunities (pp. 231-243). Springer Netherlands.

Guardia R, Belmonte J. 2004. Phenology and pollen production of Parietaria judaica L. in Catalonia (NE Spain). Grana, 43(1), 57-64.

Cowen DV. 1952. Flowering trees and shrubs in India.

Carandang JR. 2007. effect of butea superba and 17-a-methyltestosterone (mt) on sex reversal and some growth parameters in three strains (red, Ghana and chitralada) of (doctoral dissertation, maejo university).

González-Pérez S, Arellano JB. 2009. Vegetable protein isolates.

Gundersen A. 1950. Families of dicotyledons.

Hulten E. 1968. Flora  of  Alaska  and neighboring territories:  a  manual  of the  vascular plants (No. 2193). Stanford University Press.

Pavlista AD, Baltensperger DD. 2007. Phenology of Oilseed Crops for Bio-Diesel in the High Plains.

Simberloff  D. 1996. Impacts of introduced species in the United States.Consequences, 2(2), 13-22.