Diversity and ecological characteristics of family papilionaceae at district nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

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Research Paper 01/08/2014
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Diversity and ecological characteristics of family papilionaceae at district nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Pakistan

Sajjad Ali, Syed Zahir Shah, Wisal Muhammad Khan, Farrukh Hussain
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 2), 72-76, August 2014.
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Abstract

The result conclude that total of 33 species belong to 21 genera of family Papilionaceae were identified from the research area. The members of this family were found in abundance that why infective amount of species were identified, 4 species belong to genus Medicago, 3 species from Vicia, Phaseolus and Lathyrus. 2 species from Trifolium, Melilotus, and Astragalus respectively. Once species from Pisum, Parkinsonia, Cicer, Dalbergia, Crotolaria, Alhagi, Arachus, Cyamopsis, Cajanus, Glycine, Lotus, Lens, Pongamia, and Sophora. The main purpose of the study is to explore, documents and identified the maximum number of the species of family Papilionaceae in the studied in research area, on the base of certain conclusion and survey we also know about the members of this family under different conditions. 7 (21.2 %) species were found in autumn, 12 (36.3 %) species were found in winter, 19 (57.5 %) species in spring and 16 (48.4 %) in summer respectively. In different habitat its percentage were 14 (42.4 %) species occure on dry. 8 species (24.2 %) were on wet land and 11 species (33.3 %) were cultivated. The main adjective was led on wild species. Life form classes indicated 75.5% therophytes followed by 12% nanophanerophytes, 6% chaemophytes and 3% by hemicryptophytes and Microphanerophytes. The leaf size spectra shows that Leptophyll with 51.5% were dominant followed by the Nanophyll with 48.4 %.The wild species were Dalbergia sisoo, Lathyrus aphaca, Lathyrus sativus, Medicago asceronianna Medicago minima, Medicago polymorpha. Along with the cultivated species were also collected this cultivated species were having economic importance species are (Pisum sativum, Trifolium alxndrianum, Trifoleum repenes and specie of Phaseolus).

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