Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Diversity of vesicular and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in different land use systems

Research Paper | April 30, 2022

| Download 28

Pramila Tripathi, A. Bordoloi, AK. Shukla

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.20( 4), 72-79, April 2022


JBES 2022 [Generate Certificate]


Total numbers of 24 species of AM fungus were isolated and of which 20 species belong to Golmus, one species of Gigaspora and two species of Acaulospora respectively. The highest number of species were recorded in the Forest-I area. A small number of species were recorded in the Tea Garden soil. Spore density in soil samples for different areas ranging from 46 – 324 grains / 100gm soil. The bulk of the grain (218.8 spores / 100gm soil) was recorded in the Forest-I area and the minimum (66.4 spores / 100gm soil) in the Tea garden. Indication of diversity was highest in the Forest-I (2.30) area, followed by the Plantation Forest (2.03), the Home Garden (1.99) and the agricultural land (1.98). The index value of the variety was small in the tea garden (1.58). The dominant index of AM fungus species was highest in the Tea garden (0.21) due to the single dominance of the genus Glomus occultum (IVI 79.48). However, it was much lower in the Forest-I (0.115) region due to the co-dominance of Glomus occultum, Glomus albidum and Glomus mosseae. However in the present study Glomus occultum and Glomus albidum occupy several study sites followed by Glomus aggregatum, Glomus mosseae and Glomus hoi. In addition the formation of plant species may have a direct impact on the spread of plant species.


Copyright © 2022
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Diversity of vesicular and arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in different land use systems

Allen EB, Allen MF, Helm DJ, Trappe JM, Molina R, Rincon E. 1995. Patterns and regulation of mycorrhizal plant and fungal diversity. Plant and Soil 170, 47-62. (15 pages)

Allen MF, Sexton JC, Moore TS, Christensen M. 1981. Influence of phosphate source on vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae of Boutelova gracilis. New Phytologist 87, 687-694. (7 pages)

Bever JD, Morton JB, Antonovics J, Schultz PA. 1996. Host dependant sporulation and species diversity of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a mown grassland. Journal of Ecology 84, 71-82. (11 pages)

Brundreett M, Bougher N, Dell B, Grove T, Malajczuk N. 1996. Working with mycorrhizas in forestry and agriculture. ACIAR monograph 32. Australian centre for International Agricultural Research, Canberra pp 184-193. (9 pages)

Connell JH. 1978. Diversity in tropical rainforest and coral reefs. Science 199, 171-313. (142 pages)

Danesh YR, Goltapeh EM, Alizadeh A, Varma A, Mukerjii KG. 2006. Distribution and abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi from soybean rhizosphere in Iran. Journal of Agricultural Technology 2, 251-257. (6 pages)

Denial HBA, Skipper HD. 1982. Methods for the recovery and quantitative estimation of propagules from soil. In: Schenck NC (ed.) Methods and principles of mycorrhiza research. American Society for Phytopathology, St. Paul, Minn pp 29-37. (8 pages)

Ferrol N, Calvente R, Cano C, Barea JM, Azcon-Aguilar C. 2004. Analyzing arbuscular mycorrhizal diversity fungal diversity in shrub associated resource islands from a desertification threatened semi arid Mediterranean ecosystem. Applied Soil Ecology 25, 123-133. (10 pages)

Furlan V, Fortin JA. 1977. Effect of light intensity on the formation of vesicular arbuscular endomycorrhizae on Allium cepa by Gigaspora calospora. New Phytologist 79, 335-340. (5 pages)

Gai JP, Cai XB, Fang G, Christie P, Li XL. 2006. Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi associated with sedges on the Tibetan Plateau. Mycorrhiza 16, 151-157. (6 pages)

Ganesan V, Parthipon B, Mahadevan A. 1991. Survey of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizae (VAM) in Kodayar forest, Tamil Nadu, India. In: proceedings of the 2nd Asian Conference on Mycorrhiza. (Eds. Soerianegara I and Supriyanto) pp 73-75. (3 pages)

Gerdmann JW, Nicholson TH. 1963. Spores of mycorrhizal endogones species extracted from soil by wet sieving and decanting. Trans British Mycological Society 46, 235-244. (9 pages)

Giovannetti M, Sbrana C. 1998. Meeting a no-host: the behaviour of AM fungi. Mycorrhiza 8, 123-130. (8 pages)

Graw D. 1979. The influence of soil pH on the efficiency of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza, New Phytologist 82, 687-695. (9 pages)

Guadarrama P, Alvarez-Sanchez FJ. 1999. Abundance of arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi spores in different environments in a tropical rainforest, Veracruz, Mexico. Mycorrhiza 8, 267-270. (4 pages)

Hayman DS. 1982. Influence of soils and fertility on activity and survival of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi. Phytopathology 72, 1119-1125. (7 pages)

Hepper CM. 1984. Isolation and culture of VA mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi. In: VA Mycorrhizae (eds. Powell CL and Bhagyaraj DJ) CRC Press, Florida, USA: pp 95-112. (16 pages)

Johnson NC, Graham JD, Smith FA. 1997. Functioning of mycorrhizal association along the mutulaisim-parasitism continuum. New Phytologist 135, 575-586. (12 pages)

Kevin JS, Peterson RL. 1996. The effect of water gradient on the VAM status of Lythrum salicaria L. (Purple Loosestrife). Mycorrhiza 6, 99-104. (6 pages)

Koide R, Dickie IA. 2002. Effects of mycorrhizal fungi on plant populations. Plant and Soil 244, 307-317. (11 pages)

Koske RE, Gemma JN. 1989. A modified procedure for staining roots to detect VA mycorrhizas. Mycological Research 92, 486-488.

Lekha KS, Sivaprasad P, Joseph PJ, Vijayan M. 1995. Glomus fasciculatum a predominant vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungus associated with black pepper in forest soils in Kerala. In: Mycorrhizae: biofertilizers for future, (Eds Alok Adholeya and Sujan Singh), New Delhi: TERI pp. 8185 (5 pages)

Manoharachary C, Rao PR. 1991. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi and forest trees. In: proceedings of the 2nd Asian Conference on Mycorrhiza. (Eds) Soerianegara I and Supriyanto pp 39.

Manoharachary C, Sridhar K, Singh R, Adholeya A, Suryanarayanan TS, Rawat S, Johri BN. 2005. Fungal diversity: Distribution, conservation and prospecting of fungi from India. Current Science 89(1), 58-71.(14 pages)

Mohan V, Verma N. 1995. Studies on of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal association in seedlings of forest tree species in arid zones of Rajasthan. Proceeding of 3rd national conference on Mycorrhizae. In mycorrhizae: Biofertilizeer for the future (Eds. Adholeya A and Singh S) pp 52-55. (4 pages)

Mosse B. 1973. Advances in the study of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza. Annual Review of Phytopathology. 11, 171-176. (6 pages)

Muthukumar T, Sha LQ, Yang XD, Cao M, Tang JW, Zheng Z. 2003. Mycorrhiza of plants in different vegetation types in tropical ecosystems of Xishuangbanna, South west China. Mycorrhiza 13, 289-297. (9 pages)

Muthukumar T, Udaiyan K. 2000. Influence of organic manure on Arbuscular Mycorrhizal fungi associated with Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp. In relation to tissue nutrients and soluble carbohydrates in roots under field condition. Biology and Fertility of Soils 31, 114-120. (7 pages)

Phillips JM, Hayman DS. 1970. Improved procedures for clearing roots and staining parasitic and vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi for rapid assessment of infection. Transactions of the British Mycological Society 55, 158-161. (4 pages)

Raghupathy S, Mahadevan A. 1991. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) distribution influenced by salinity gradient in a costal tropical forest. In: proceedings of the 2nd Asian Conference on Mycorrhiza. (Eds) Soerianegara I and Supriyanto pp 91-95. (5 pages)

Raja P, Ravikumar P, Mahadevan A. 1991. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) in the forest plants of Nilgiris Tamil Nadu, India. In: proceedings of the 2nd Asian Conference on Mycorrhiza. (Eds) Soerianegara I and Supriyanto pp 81-89. (9 pages)

Robert M. 2001. Water relation, drought and (V) AM symbiosis. Mycorrhiza 11, 3-42. (40 pages)

Schenck NC, Perez Y. 1990. Manual for the identification of VA mycorrhizal fungi. INVAM, Gainsville, Florida USA.

Sengupta A, Choudhuri S. 1989. Occurrence of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal in Sueda maritime (L.) Dumort- A pioneer of Chenopodiaceae. Current Science 58, Pp 1372.

Sengupta A, Choudhuri S. 1990. Vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) in pioneer salt marsh plants of the Ganges river delta in West Bengal (India). Plant and Soil 122, 111-113. (3 pages)

Shannon CE, Wiener W. 1963. The Mathematical Theory of Communication. University of Illinois press, Urbana, Pp 111.

Sharif M, Moawad AM. 2006. Arbuscular Mycorrhizal incidence and infectivity of crops in North West Frontier province of Pakistan. World Journal of Agricultural Sciences 2(2), 123-132 (10 pages)

Simpson EH. 1949. Measurement of diversity. Nature (London) 163, Pp. 688.

Singh SS, Tiwari SC, Dkhar MS. 2003. Species diversity of vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhizal (VAM) fungi in jhum fallow and natural forest soils of Arunachal Pradesh, north eastern India, Tropical Ecology 44(2), 207-215. (9 pages)

Smith SE, Read DJ. 1997. Mycorrhizal Symbiosis. Academic Press, New York.

Sorensen T. 1948. A method of establishing groups of equal amplitude in plant sociology based on similarity of species content. Det. Kong. Danske Vidensk, Selsk Biology Skr. (Copenhagen) 5, 1-34. (34 pages)

Staffeldt FE, Vogt KB. 1975. Mycorrhiza of desert plants. IBP desert Biome Representative Programme 3, 63-69. (7 pages)

Stahl PD, Christensen M. 1982. Mycorrhizal fungi associated with Boutelova and Agropyron in Wyoming sagebrush grasslands. Mycologia 74, 877-885. (9 pages)

Thapar HS, Uniyal K. 1996. Effect of VAM fungi and rhizobium on growth of Acacia nilotica in sodic and new forest soils. Indian Forester 122(11), 1033-1039. (7 pages)

Tommercup JC. 1992. Methods for the study of population biology of vesicular arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, in Methods in Microbiology 24, 23-51, Norris JR, Read DJ and Verma AK.Eds. Academic Press, London.

Van der Heijden MGA, Klironomos JN, Usic M, Peter M, Streitwolf-Engel R, Boller T, Wiemken A, Samders S. 1998. Mycorrhizal fungal diversity determines plant biodiversity, ecosystem variability and productivity. Nature 396, 60-72. (13 pages)

Zeng Ren-Sen 2006. Disease resistance in plants through mycorrhizal fungal induced allelochemicals, Disease management in fruits and vegetables 2,181-192. (12 pages)

Zhao ZW, Wang GH, Yang L. 2003. Biodiversity of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi in a tropical rainforest of Xishuangbanna, South west China. Fungal Diversity 13, 233-242. (10 pages)