Does priming improve dill (Anethum graveolens) seed germination and yield?

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2013
Views (330) Download (7)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Does priming improve dill (Anethum graveolens) seed germination and yield?

Hossein Khoshvaghti, Marziyeh Hoseini, Sahar Baser-Kouchehbagh
Int. J. Biosci.3( 7), 126-131, July 2013.
Certificate: IJB 2013 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

This study examines the effects of seed priming on germination and yield on dill, in the laboratory experiment and pot study. The method used in the laboratory and pot is CRD (Completely Randomized Design) with three replications. The treatments are GA31 with dosage of 500p.p.m, hydro-priming (HP) with 24 hours duration in room temperature, KNO32 and control. Then in laboratory with use of special paper and pure water the seeds were cultured in petri-dishes and were putt in germinator with 19°c temperature for 8 days and were counted daily. Some parts of primed seeds were stored in normal condition for 6 months and were cultured in laboratory condition. All the primed seeds were farmed in pots. Three months later the plants were harvested in first blooming level and dry weight and essential oil percentage were measured. The results of laboratory study showed that the influence of various treatments on germination percentage (GP) and germination rate (GR) were significant. KNO3 showed the highest positive effect on germination percentage (84.33%). Plant height (PH) and main branch (MB) number in KNO3 treatment in comparision with others were the highest. The effect of different treatments on essential oil percentage (EOP) was significant. KNO3 with (3.06%) and GA3 with (2.93%) had the most positive effect on essential oil percentage. The effect of different treatments on seedling weight (SW), seedling length (SL), dry weight (DW) and storage seed germination percentage (SGP) were not significant.

VIEWS 10

Afghani-Asl M, Taheri GH. 2012. Survey the effect of  seed  priming  on  germination  and  physiological indices of cotton khordad cultivar. Annals of Biological Research 3(2), 1003-1009.doi??

Amooaghaie R, Valivand M. 2011. The combined effect of gibberellic acid and long time osmopriming on seed germination and subsequent seedling growth of Klussia odoratissima Mozaff. African Journal of Biotechnology (Academic Journals) 10(66), 14873-14880. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB11.1984

Eskandari H. 2011. Response of Sesame (Sesamum indicum) Cultivars to Hydropriming of Seeds. Journal of Applied Environmental and Biological Sciences 1(12), 638-642.

Feghenabi F. 2007. The effect of seed priming on safflower. The effect of seed priming on safflower. M.S. thesis, University of Urmia, Iran, 1-70.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Chadordooz-Jeddi A, Nasrullahzadeh S, Mohammad M. 2010. Influence of hydro-priming duration on field performance of pinto bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.) cultivars. African Journal of Agricultural Research (Academic Journals) 5(9), 893-897.

Ghassemi-Golezani K, Chadordooz-Jeddi A, Zafarani-Moattar P. 2011. Influence of salt-priming on mucilage yield of Isabgol (Plantago ovata Forsk) under salinity stress. Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5(14), 3236-3241.

Hoseini M, Rahimzadeh-Khoei F, Mirshekari B. 2013. Seed priming techniques improve germination and yield in two landraces of lemon balm in laboratory experiment and field study. International Journal of Indigenous Medicinal Plants 29(1), 1144-1150.

Karimian D. 2011. The effect of HP on seedling growth in Dill (Anethum graveolens L.) at laboratory condition. Research journal of fisheries and hydropriming 6(4), 503-506.

Maguirw ID. 1962. Speed of germination-aid in selection and evaluation for seedling emergence and vigor. Crop Sciences 2, 176-177.

Mirshekari B. 2012. Seed priming with iron and boron enhances germination and yield of dill (Anethum graveolens). Turkish Journal of Agriculture and Forestry 36, 27-33.

Neamatollahi E, Bannayan M, Souhani Darban A, Ghanbari A. 2009. Hydropriming and Osmopriming Effects on Cumin (Cuminum Cyminum L.). World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 57, 526-529.

Ramazan A, Hafiz I, Ahmad T, Abbasi N. 2010. Effect of priming with potassium-nitrate and dehusking on seed germination of gladiolus. Pakistan Journal of Botany 42(1), 247-258.

Sedghi M, Nemati A, Amanpour B, Gholipouri A. 2010. Influence of Different Priming Materials on Germination and Seedling Establishment of Milk Thistle (Silybum marianum) under Salinity Stress. World Applied Sciences Journal 11(5), 604-609.

Yuan Y, Xu DQ. 2001. Stimulation effect of gibberellic acid short-term treatment on leaf photosynthesis related to the increase in Rubisco content in board bean and soybean. Photosynthesis Research 68, 39-47.