Eclipta alba (Family: Asteraceae): A review of botanical, ethnopharmacological, phytochemical and pharmacological studies

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Eclipta alba (Family: Asteraceae): A review of botanical, ethnopharmacological, phytochemical and pharmacological studies

Ayisha Shaukat, Khalid Hussain, Nadeem Irfan Bukhari, Naureen Shehzadi, Abida Qamar, Sidra Siddique, Sidra Saeed, Hina Shahbaz
Int. J. Biosci.17( 6), 338-352, December 2020.
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A traditional medicinal plant which is native to tropical, subtropical and warm temperate areas of the globe. The plant is distributed as a contaminant in rice seed in France and Philippines. Running water especially floods distributes the seeds from field to field. The plant is common for its medicinal value in alternative systems of holistic health (Ayurvedic, Unani, Homeopathy, Sidha and Chinese) and herbal medicines. Scientific evidence for the folklore claim of the plant has been investigated in many studies but a summary of the data is not available. Detailed literature review of the plant with the recent advancement in research along with therapeutic potentials and scientific evidence are given herein. Databases such as Google Scholar, Elsevier, Science Direct and PubMed have been used to access the literature, thus excluding articles related to ecology, agriculture and synthetic work. The review indicated new potentials for the plant and revealed pharmacological activities supporting the traditional claim. For example, antitumor activity studies of the plant revealed its use for treating tumors. Moreover, clinical studies of the plant extract are mandatory based on safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetic data. The current review may be helpful for researchers intending to extend the research on the plant as well as in the preparation of evidence-based formulations in the pharmaceutical industry.


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