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Research Paper | August 1, 2021

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Ecological impacts of improper waste management frameworks on biodiversity conservation in Nairobi County, Kenya

Dr. Bessy Kathambi, Dr. Florence Ogutu

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J. Bio. Env. Sci.19(2), 91-101, August 2021


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Nairobi County is a world’s unique biodiversity hub with an attractive national park in the city detailing its beauty. For the last decade, urban migration has led to an increase in population, resultantly an increase in its waste generation depicted by the sporadic mushrooming of unplanned dumpsites. With expected double inhabitants by 2050, the urgent call to address improper waste management framework and their impact on biodiversity explicate its severity. The socioeconomic benefits notwithstanding the environmental sustainability serve as push factors to mitigate the ecological effects on biodiversity in Nairobi County. Most Nairobi County residents are not conscious of proper and well-maintained waste management systems nor possess knowledge of biodiversity conservation practices. The paper seeks to illustrate the ecological impacts of improper waste management on biodiversity conservation in Nairobi County. The study area was Nairobi County, where stratified sampling was carried out to select the sample. Data collected using semi-structured questionnaires to 384 households and key informant interviews purposively sampled. Transect walks used to capture more data on the ecological impacts of improper waste management on biodiversity. The results elucidate costly environmental effects on biodiversity conservation and the need to empower the respondents to curb the adverse consequences for ecological management.


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