Economic valuation and perceptions on mangrove resources: toward mangrove conservation and management in Nabago, Surigao City

Paper Details

Research Paper 15/08/2023
Views (28) Download (5)

Economic valuation and perceptions on mangrove resources: toward mangrove conservation and management in Nabago, Surigao City

Medielyn M. Odtojan, Gheleene S. Buenaflor, Rosalia L. Hugo, Jerry T. Cuadrado, Roselle E. Bertulfo, Louella S. Degamon, Manny P. Eviota
J. Bio. Env. Sci.23( 2), 108-117, August 2023.
Certificate: JBES 2023 [Generate Certificate]


Despite their abundant services, mangroves are among the most threatened ecosystems in the world. Household interviews conducted in Nabago, Surigao City determined the direct use values (DUV) and indirect use values (IUV) of mangrove products and services using market price for DUV and Replacement Cost Method for IUV. Residents may also directly contribute to the alteration of ecosystems; hence, this study included the extent of local knowledge, attitudes, and training needs concerning Nabago’s mangrove resources. Mangrove aquatic biota provides an annual direct benefit of Php103,262.00/ha/year, while commercial aquaculture, PhP509,433.96/ha/year. Overall, the potential DUV of the entire mangrove ecosystem of Nabago is Php4,149,303.88/year. IUV for coastal protection, wind barrier, protection from extreme sunlight, protection from saltwater intrusion, and carbon sequestration has a total benefit value of PhP68,568,598.22/year. The total annual DUV and IUV of the mangrove ecosystem in Nabago is around Php 72.72 million, of which the IUV is 94% of the total benefit value. High awareness of the ecological functions of the mangrove ecosystem and a positive attitude toward mangrove protection implies that the locals see the intrinsic value (i.e., valuing the forest for its existence) and attach a bequest value to the mangroves to preserve these for future generations. Mangrove monitoring, conservation, management, restoration, and rehabilitation were the top training needs compared to aquaculture training. Dissemination of valuation results and economic empowerment is necessary to inform stakeholders of the value of their mangrove ecosystem and discourage possible conversion of the forests in favor of development in the area.


Alimbon JA, Manseguiao MRS. 2021. Species composition, stand characteristics, aboveground biomass, and carbon stock of mangroves in Panabo Mangrove Park, Philippines. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity 22(6).

Ballad EL, Mangabat CB. 2021. Perceptions of coastal villagers on the non-market goods and services of mangroves in Cagayan province, Philippines. Maritime Technology and Research 3(4), 322-334.

Bann C. 1998. Economic valuation of mangroves: A manual for researchers. EEPSEA special paper/IDRC. Regional Office for Southeast and East Asia, Economy and Environment Program for Southeast Asia.

Barbier EB. 2007. Valuing ecosystem services as productive inputs. Economic policy 22(49), 178-229.

Bennett EL, Reynolds CJ. 1993. The value of a mangrove area in Sarawak. Biodiversity & Conservation 2(4), 359-375.

Eong OJ. 1993. Mangroves-a carbon source and sink. Chemosphere 27(6), 1097-1107.

Harini R, Ariani RD, Fistiningrum W, Ariestantya D. 2019. April. Economic valuation of mangrove management in kulon progo regency. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 256(1), 012036. IOP Publishing.

Lahjie AM, Nouval B, Lahjie AA, Ruslim Y, Kristiningrum R. 2019. Economic valuation from direct use of mangrove forest restoration in Balikpapan Bay, East Kalimantan, Indonesia. F1000Research, 8.

Laulikitnont P. 2014. Evaluation of mangrove ecosystem restoration success in Southeast Asia.

Malik A, Fensholt R, Mertz O. 2015. Economic valuation of mangroves for comparison with commercial aquaculture in South Sulawesi, Indonesia. Forests 6(9), 3028-3044.

Mariana M. 2016. Economic valuation of mangrove forest ecosystem in Indragiri Estuary. International Journal of Oceans and Oceanography 10(1), 13-17.

O’Garra T. 2009. Bequest Values for Marine Resources: How Important for Indigenous Communities in Less-Developed Economies? Environmental and Resource Economics 44(2), 179-202.

Pecl GT, Araújo MB, Bell JD, Blanchard J, Bonebrake TC, Chen IC, Williams SE. 2017. Biodiversity redistribution under climate change: Impacts on ecosystems and human well-being. Science 355(6332), eaai9214.

Perdana TA, Suprijanto J, Pribadi R, Collet CR, Bailly D. 2018, March. Economic valuation of mangrove ecosystem: empirical studies in Timbulsloko Village, Sayung, Demak, Indonesia. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science 139(1), p. 012035). IOP Publishing

Rizal A, Sahidin A, Herawati H. 2018. Economic value estimation of mangrove ecosystems in Indonesia. Biodiversity International Journal 2(1), 98-100.

Sharma R, Wahono J, Baral H. 2018. Bamboo as an alternative bioenergy crop and powerful ally for land restoration in Indonesia. Sustainability 10(12), 4367.

Syah F, Sundawati L, Bahruni B. 2019. Social and economic valuation of mangrove forest ecosystem in north buton regency, southeast sulawesi province. Journal Penelitian Sosial dan Ekonomi Kehutanan 16(2), 115-126.

Tongco MDC. 2007. Purposive Sampling as a Tool for Informant Selection 5, 147-158.

Vo TQ, Künzer C, Oppelt N. 2015. How remote sensing supports mangrove ecosystem service valuation: a case study in Ca Mau province, Vietnam. Ecosystem Services 14, 67-75. 

Ward RD, Friess DA, Day RH, MacKenzie RA. 2016. Impacts of climate change on mangrove ecosystems: A region by region overview. Ecosystem Health and Sustainability 2(4), e01211.