Ecophysiological studies on Achillea fragrantissima and Artemisia judaica in two wadis of Southern Sinai, Egypt

Paper Details

Research Paper 01/07/2014
Views (173) Download (3)
current_issue_feature_image
publication_file

Ecophysiological studies on Achillea fragrantissima and Artemisia judaica in two wadis of Southern Sinai, Egypt

W.A. Kasim, M.N. El-Shourbagy, K.M. El-Absy
J. Bio. Env. Sci.5( 1), 306-321, July 2014.
Certificate: JBES 2014 [Generate Certificate]

Abstract

The physiological and molecular responses of Achillea fragrantissima (Forssk.) Sch. Bip. and Artemisia judaica L. growing in Wadi El-Sheikh (WSH) and Wadi El-Arbaean (WAR) in Saint Catharine, Southern Sinai, Egypt during the wet and dry seasons were investigated. The results revealed that.in both wadies, soil had higher electrical conductivity (EC) and higher water content . in WSH possessed higher Na+, K+ and Cl during wet season and higher Ca+2 and Mg+2 during dry season. . In wet season, A. fragrantissima showed higher value of total carbohydrates in the downstream and higher value of total nitrogen and protein in the upstream of WSH. . . A comparable increase in selenium content was noticed in A. fragrantissima in downstream of WSH during dry season while the same was the case during wet season of WAR. Both species in the two wadis had higher values of total phenols, total alkaloids and total glycosides during the dry season. Values of the amino acids in A. fragrantissima of WAR were higher in dry season while in WSH, they were detected in wet season. A. fragrantissima was considerably rich in four amino acids: asparagine, glutamine, proline and tyrosine and relatively poor in isoleucine and phenylalanine. Higher values of aspartic acid and proline were recorded in A. judaica in the downstream of the WAR during dry season. A. fragrantissima from both wadies was characterized by the presence of bands of molecular sizes of 1290, 1193, 586 and 481 bp. However, bands of molecular sizes of 1693, 1647, 1189, 1010, 896, 759, 730, 719, 616, 549, 413, 380 and 155, bp were detected only in A. fragrantissima from WSH, while they were absent in specimens from WAR. . A. judaica from the two wadis was characterized with bands of molecular sizes of 1861, 1402, 1342, 1161, 1032, 973,854, 824, 777, 734,724, 629, 574, 326 and 206 bp. There were three common bands in both plants from both wadis with molecular sizes of 908, 246 and 179 bp.

VIEWS 11

Abd El-Fattah   RI , Baraka DM, El-Hady AF. 1993. Anions and cations accumulation in some plants from south Sinai under different habitat conditions. Desert Institute Bullitin, Egypt 43(2), 281 – 293.

Abd El-Maboud MM. 2006. Ecophysiological responses of some xerophytes from Wadi El-Gafra, the Eastern Desert of Egypt. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Abd El-Maboud MM. 2011. Ecophysiological responses of Salsola tetrandra Forssk. and Deverra tortuosa Desf. under different habitat conditions of the North Western Coast of Egypt. Ph. D. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Abd El-Rahman AA. 1973. Effect of moisture stress on plants. Phyton (Austria) 15(1 – 2), 67 – 86.

Abd El-Rahman KM, Eissa, AGM. 1994. Nutritional studies on two most common range land species (Stipagrostis scoparia and Hammada elegans) in Al-Qassim region, Saudi Arabia. 1-Chemical analysis, feeding value and productivity. World Review of Animal Production 29(2), 48 – 52.

Abo Sitta MY, Al Taisan AW. 1995. Variations in mineral ion composition of some succulent halophytes in the Estern Coastal Province of Saudi Arabia. Desert Institute Bullitin, Egypt 45(1), 99 – 100.

Abu-Taha MM. 2010. Habitat and species diversity in some wadis in Sinai Peninsula. M. Sc. Thesis, Botany Deptment, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Allen S, Grimshaw HM, Parkinson JA Quarmby C. 1974. Chemical Analysis of Ecological Materials. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford. London, pp. 565.

Askar A Treptow H. 1993. “Quality assurance in tropical fruit processing” Springer-Verlag, Berlin, pp. 238.

Atkinson CJ. 1991. The flux and distribution of xylem sap calcium to adaxial and abaxial epidermal tissue in relation to stomatal behaviour. Journal of Experimental Botany, 42, 987 – 993.

Boulos L. 2005. Flora of Egypt, Vol. 4: Monocotyledons (Alismataceae-Orchidaceae (Al Hadara Buplishing), 617 p.

Chaplin MF, Kennedy JF. 1994. “Carbohydrate Analysis” A practical approach. 2nd Ed. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford, New York, Tokyo, 324 pp.

Chapman VD, Pratt EP. 1978. Methods of Analysis of Soils, Plants and Waters. Univ. of California, Division of Agricultural Science.

Danin A. 1983. Desert vegetation of Israel and Sinai. Jerusalem Publishing House. pp 148.

Dehan K, Tal M. 1978. Salt tolerance of the wild relatives of the cultivated tomato. Response of Solanum pennclli L. to high salinity. Irrigation Science. 1, 71.

Dellaporta SL, Wood J, Hicks JB 1983. A plant DNA mini preparation. Version III. Plant Molecular Bioliology, Rep. 1, 19 – 21.

El-Absy KM. 2011. Ecophysiological studies on some economic plants from wadi El-Arbaeen and wadi El-Sheikh, South Sinai, Egypt. Ph.D. Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science, Tanta University, Egypt.

El-Lamey TM. 1999. Ecological and phytochemical studies on Schouwia thebaica Webb. in South Sinai. M.Sc. Thesis, Environmental Studies and Research Institute, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Evans WC. 1999. Trease and Evans Pharmacognosy, 4th ed. WB Saunders Ltd”. pp. 224-239

Greenway H, Munns R. 1980. Mechanisms of salt tolerance in non-halophytes. Annual Review of Plant Physiology 31, 149 – 190.

Guenther R. 2005. Vegetation and grazing in the St. Katherine Protectorate, South Sinai, Egypt. Opera Wall Plant Report 1 – 44.

Harper HA. 1975. Review of Physiological Chemistry. 15th ed., Long Medicinal Publications, Los Angles, California P.570.

Harbone JB. 1973. Phytochemical methods, a guide to modern techniques of plant analysis. Chapman and Hall. London, 185-186.

Heldt HW. 1997. Plant Biochemistry and Molecular Biology. Oxford Univ. Press pp. 352 – 414, 501.

Ingram J, Bartels D. 1996. The molecular basis of dehydration tolerance in plants. Annual Review of Plant Physiology and Plant Molecular Biology 47, 377- 403.

Jackson ML. 1962. Soil Chemical Analysis. Constable and Co. Ltd. London.

Jackson ML. 1967. Soil Chemical Analysis. Prentice-Hall of India, New Delhi., India.

Jackson WA, Thomas GW. 1960. Effect of KCl and Dolometic Limestone on growth and on uptake of sweat potato. Soil Science 89, 347 – 352.

Jain VK. 1997. In “Fundamentals of Plant Physiology”. Published by S.Chand and Company Ltd., Ram Nagar, New Delhi, pp 444.

Johnson CM, Ulrich A. 1959. Analytical Methods for Use in Plant Analysis. U.S. Dep. Agric., Calif. Univ., Agricultural Information Bullitin pp. 766.

Jones JB. 1977. Elemental analysis of soil extracts and plant tissue ash by plasma emission spectroscopy. Soil Science and Plant Analysis 8, 349– 365.

Kamel AM. 2011. Ecological survey and domestication of two range plants from wadi el-bagha at South Sinai. Ph. D. Thesis, Faculty of Agriculture, Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Kasim WA, El-Shourbagy MN, Ahmed AM, El-Absy  KM. 2008.  Physiological  adjustment of Arthrocnemum macrostachyum and Nitraria retusa to saline habitats in Sinai, Egypt. Austuralian Journal of Basic and Applied Science 2(3), 418-428.

Key JL. 1989. Modulation of gene expression by auxin. Biological Assays 11, 52 – 58.

Khalaf MA. 2005. Biotechnological and physiological studies on Artemisia species in Sinai Peninsula. M. Sc. Thesis, Botany Department, Faculty of Science (Girls), Al-Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt.

Lawlor DW, Cornic G. 2002. Photosynthetic carbon assimilation and associated metabolism in relation to water deficits in higher plants. Plant Cell Envionment 25, 275 – 294.

Malik CP, Singh MB. 1980. Plant Enzymology and Histo-enzymology. A last manual Kalyani Publishers, New Delhi – Ludhiana.

Mann J. 1978. Secondary Metabolism. Oxford Univ. Press, Oxford.

Marigo G, Peltier JP. 1996. Analysis of the diurnal change in osmotic potential in leaves of Fraxinus excelsior L. Journal of Experimental Botany 47, 763 – 769.

Miller RW, Donahue RL, Miller JU. 1995. Soils in our Environment. 7th ed. Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey, USA.

Mohammed S, Sen DN. 1987. Proline accumulation in arid zone plants. Journal of Arid Environment 13, 231 – 236.

Morsy AA. 1996. Physiological studies on certain medicinal plants. M. Sc. Thesis, Faculty of Science, Ain Shams University, Egypt.

Mossallam HA, Abd Allah MM, Hassanein RA, Morsy AA. 2000. Eco-physiological studies on some lithophytes growing in Sinai, Egypt. Desert Institute Bullitin, A.R.E., Egypt 50(1), 147 – 174.

Patakas A, Nikolaou N, Zioziou E, Redoglou K, Niotsakis B. 2002. The role of organic solute and ion accumulation in osmotic adjustment in drought stressed grapevines. Plant Science 163, 361 – 367.

Patil BS, Pike LM. 1995. Distribution of quercetin content in different rings of various coloured onion (Allium cepa L.) cultivars. Journal of Horticultural Science 70(44), 643 – 650.

Peach K, Tracey MV. 1956. Modern Methods of Plant Analysis. vol. 1. Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 4, p 643.

Pelah D, Wang W, Altman A, Shoseyov O, Bartels D. 1997. Differential accumulation of water stress related proteins, sucrose synthase and soluble sugars in Populus species that differ in their water stress response. Physiologica Plantarum 99, 153 – 159.

Pellet PL, Young VR. 1980. Nutritional Evaluation of Protein Foods. Published by the United Nation University.

Reddy AR, Chaitanya KV, Juture PP, Sumithra K. 2004. Differential antioxidative responses to water stress among five mulberry (Morus alba, L.) cultivars. Environmental and Experimental Botany 52, 33 –42.

Rowell DL. 1994. Soil Science: Methods and Application. Longman Publishers, Singapore. 350 pp.

Salisbury FB, Ross CW. 2000. Plant Physiology, 5th ed. Wadsworth Publishing Company, Inc. Belmont. California.

Selmar D. 2008. Potential of salt and drought stress to increase pharmaceutically significant secondary compounds in plants. Agriculture and Forestry Research 85, 139 – 144.

Standard Methods for the examination of water and waste water 1989. APHA, AWWA, WPCE, Washington DC. U.S.E.P.A.

Stewart CR, Larcher F. 1980. Accumulation of amino acids and aelated compounds in relation to environmental stress. In “The Biochemistry of Plants”. Vol. 5, B.J. Miflin (ed.). Academic Press, New York, pp, 609- 630.

Täckholm V. 1974. Students’ Flora of Egypt, (ed. 2). Cairo Univ., Beirut, pp 888.

Torel J, Cillard J, Cillard P. 1986. Antioxidant activity of flavonoids and reactivity with redoxy radical. Phytochemistry 25(2), 383 – 385.

Virk SS, Singh OS. 1990. Osmotic properties of drought stressed periwinkle (Catharanthus roseus) genotypes. Annals of Botany 66, 23 – 30.

Wang S, Wan C, Wang Y, Chen H, Ztou Z, Fu H, Sosabookee ER. 2004. The characteristic Na+, K+ and free proline distribution in several drought-resistant plants of the Alaxa Desert, China Journal of Arid Environment 56(3), 525 – 539.

Williams JGK, Kubelik AR, Livak KJ, Rafalski A, Tingey SV. 1990. DNA polymorphism amplified by arbitrary primers is useful as genetic markers. Nuclic Acid Research 18, 6531 – 6535.

Yamada M,  Morishita H, Urano K, Shiozaki N,  Kazuko Y, Shinozaki K,  Yoshiba Y. 2005. Effects of free proline accumulation in petunias under drought  stress.  Journal  of  Experimental  Botany 56(417), 1975 – 1981.

Youssef  AM. 1988. Ecological studies on the plant communities of the desert area, South Ismailia. M.Sc. Thesis, Botany  Department, Faculty of  Science, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt.