Welcome to International Network for Natural Sciences | INNSpub

Paper Details

Research Paper | August 1, 2013

| Download 2

Effect of aerobic training on insulin resistance and plasma adiponectin in type 2 diabetes womenEffect of moderate physical activity on blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Kasbparast JR Mehdi, Kohandel Mehdi, Masoumi Saba, Hourshied Asiyeh

Key Words:

J. Bio. Env. Sci.3(8), 165-171, August 2013


JBES 2013 [Generate Certificate]


The purpose of this study was to measure the effects of moderate physical activity (60% of maximal heart rate-MHR) on the reduction of blood pressure in elderly people with hypertension. Hypertension is considered a modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease through physical activity. The purpose and significance of this study, was to investigate the role of exercise as an alternative therapy, since some patients exhibit sensitivity/intolerance to some drugs. Initially, 65 hypertensive males (average age = 49.7 years), (systolic blood pressure, SBP>140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure, DBP>85 mmHg) and 25 hypertensive males as control group (average age = 50.3 years and systolic blood pressure, SBP >140 mmHg and/or diastolic blood pressure, DBP>85 mmHg) were selected. The subjects were divided based on their age, duration of disease, physical activity, and drug consumption. Then, blood pressure and heart rate (HR) were measured in all of the patients using sphygmomanometer (pre-test). The exercise sessions were consisted of warm up, aerobic activity and cool down (total duration 20 minutes for first session up to 55 minute in last session). At end of the 12thsession (mid-test) and final session (24thsession), blood pressure measured for last time (post-test). The control group was without any exercise during the study. The results were analyzed using t-test. Our results indicated that moderate physical activity was effective in lowering blood pressure by 6.4/5.6–mm Hg for SBP and 2.4/4.3–mm Hg for DBP in hypertensive patients, irrespective of age, duration of disease, and drug consumption ( P<.005). the control group indicate no changes in BP. Physical activity programs with moderate intensity (approximately at 60% MHR), three days per week, can be used not only as a preventive measure for diastolic hypertension (DBP>90 mmHg high blood pressure), but also as an alternative to drug therapy in the treatment of hypertension, as well.


Copyright © 2013
By Authors and International Network for
Natural Sciences (INNSPUB)
This article is published under the terms of the Creative
Commons Attribution Liscense 4.0

Effect of aerobic training on insulin resistance and plasma adiponectin in type 2 diabetes womenEffect of moderate physical activity on blood pressure in hypertensive patients

Alberto Zanchetti. 2003. Guidelines Committee. European Society of Hypertension. European Society of Cardiology guidelines for the management of arterial hypertension. Journal of Hypertension 21(6), 1011–1053.

Antikainen RL, Moltchanov VA, Chukwuma CS, Kuulasmaa KA, Marques-Vidal PM, Sans S, Wilhelmsen L, Tuomilehto JO. 2006. Trends in the prevalence, awareness, treatment and control of hypertension: the WHO MONICA Project. European journal of cardiovascular prevention and rehabilitation 13(1), 13-29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/01.hjr.0000185977.82383.b5

Blumenthal JA, Siegel WC, Appelbaum M. 1991. Failure of aerobic exercise to reduce blood pressure in patients with mild hypertension. The Journal of the American Medical Association 266(15), 2098-104.

Booth FW, Gordon SE, Carlson CJ, Hamilton MT. 2000. Waging war on modern chronic diseases: primary prevention through exercise biology. Journal of Applied Physiology 88(2), 774-87. http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0838.2000.100509.x

Cardoso CG, Ricardo SG, Andréia CCQ, Luiz GP, Fernando da SL, Tais T, Décio M, Jr. 2010. Acute and Chronic Effects of Aerobic and Resistance Exercise on Ambulatory Blood Pressure. Clinics Sao Paulo Journal 65(3), 317–325. http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S180759322010000300013

Chobanian AV, Bakris GL, Black HR, Cushman WC, Green LA, Izzo JL et al. 2003. Seventh report of the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure. Hypertension. American Heart Association 42(6), 1206-52. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000107251.49515 .c2

Fagard RH, Cornelissen VA. 2007. Effect of exercise on blood pressure control in hypertensive patients. European Journal of Cardiovascular Prevention and Rehabilitation 14(1), 12-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/HJR.0b013e3280128bbb

Fagard RH. 2000. Physical activity, fitness and blood pressure. In: Birkenhäger WH, Reid JL, Bulpitt CJ (eds), Handbook of Hypertension. Epidemiology of Hypertension. Amsterdam, Elsevier Science BV 5, 191–211.

Guide to management of hypertension. 2008. National Heart Foundation of Australia’s National Blood Pressure and Vascular Disease Advisory Committee

Hagberg JM, Park JJ, Brown MD. 2000. The role of exercise training in the treatment of hypertension. An update. Sports Medicine 30(3), 193-206.

Haskell WL. Haskell WL, Lee IM, Pate RR, Powell KE, Blair SN et al. 2007. Physical activity and public health: updated recommendation for adults from the American College of Sports Medicine and the American Heart Association. Circulation 116(9), 1081-93. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.107.185649

Karvonen M, Kentala K, Mustala O. 1957. The effects of training heart rate: a longitudinal study. Annales Medicinae Experimentalis et Biologiae Fenniae 35(3), 307-15.

Kearney PM, Whelton M, Reynolds K, Whelton PK, He J. 2004. Worldwide prevalence of hypertension: a systematic review. Journal of Hypertension 22(1), 1-9.

Kukkonen K, Rauramaa R, Voutilainen E, Länsimies E. 1982. Physical training of middle-aged men with borderline hypertension. Annals of clinical research 14(34), 139- 145.

Leiter LA, Abbott D, Campbell NR, Mendelson R, Ogilvie RI, Chockalingam A. 1999. Lifestyle modifications to prevent and control hypertension. 2. Recommendations on obesity and weight loss. Canadian Medical Association Journal 160(9), S7-S12.

Martin JE, Dubbert PM, Cushman WC. 1990. Controlled trial of aerobic exercise in hypertension. Circulation. Journal of the American Heart Association 81(5), 1560- 1567. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.CIR.81.5.1560

Padilla J, Wallace JP, Park S. 2005. Accumulation of physical activity reduces blood pressure in pre- and hypertension. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise Journal 37(8), 1264-75. http://dx.doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000175079.2385 0.95

Pescatello LS, Franklin BA, Fagard R, Farqijar WB, Kelley GA, Ray CA. 2004. Exercise and hypertension: American College of Sports Medicine,Position Stand. Medicine & Science in Sports & Exercise Journal 36(3), 533–552.

Pickering TG, Thomas G. Pickering John EH, Lawrence J A. 2005. Recommendations for blood pressure measurement in humans and experimental animals: Part 1, American Heart Association. Hypertension 45(1), 142-61. http://dx.doi.org/10.1161/01.HYP.0000150859.47929.8e

Sacks FM, Svetkey LP, Vollmer WM, Appel LJ, Bray GA, Harsha et al. 2001. Effects on blood pressure of reduced dietary sodium and the Dietary Approach to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet. The New England Journal of Medicine 344(1), 3-10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJM200101043440101

Sharman JE , Stowasser M.2009. Australian association for exercise and sports science position statement on exercise and hypertension. Journal of Science and Meducine in Sport 12(2), 252-7.


Style Switcher

Select Layout
Chose Color
Chose Pattren
Chose Background