J. Bio. Env. Sci.5(1), 134-139, July 2014
Wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) is one of the most important food resources. This plant is cultivated in a wide range in agricultural land of the world. To determine the effects of water deficiency in different final growth stages of two wheat cultivars (Chamran and Kavir) accompany with application of various elements such as potassium (K), zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu) on yield production, harvest index (HI), concentration of nitrogen (N) and other elements in grain were investigated under weather condition of Sistan. The experiment was carried out as Completely Randomized Block under spilt – spilt plot design with three replicates, on loomy fine sand soil during 2001-2002 and 2002- 2003 growth season at the Research Center Institute of Zabol, Zahak. The results of this study highlight that the respond of grain yields (GY), biological yield (BY), harvest index (HI were analyzed. Halted water at 10.5-1, fix scale decreased BY, GY and HI at statistically significant level (p>0.01). But the Chamran produced more BY, GY than Kavir wheat cultivar.
Acreche MM, Slafer GA. 2006. Grain weight response to increases in number of grains in wheat in a Mediterranean area. Field Crops Research 98, 52-59. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0960258500003032
Ercoli L, Lulli L, Mariotti M, Masoni A, Arduini I. 2007. Post anthesis dry matter and nitrogen dynamics in durum wheat as affected by nitrogen supply and soil water availability. European Journal of Agronomy. 28, 138- 147. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2006.06.021.
Farshadfar E. 2012. Application of integrated selection index and rank sum for screening drought tolerant genotypes in bread wheat. International J. Agric. Crop Sci. 4, 325-332. http://dx.doi.org/10.1017/S0960258500004141
Ghasemali N, Soheil Z, Mohammad SM. 2011. Study of effects late season drought stress in wheat cultivars using stress susceptibility, tolerance indices and canopy temperature depression (CTD). Advances in Environmental Biology 5, 3929-3933. 88-92. http://dx.doi.org/10.1055/s-2006-959532.
Gregersen PL, Holm PH. 2007. Transcriptome analysis of senescence in the flag leaf of wheat. Plant Biotechnology 5, 192-206. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fct.2006.06.021.
Heidari-Sharifabad H. 2008. Drought mitigation strategies for the agriculture sector. The 10th Iranian Congress of Crop Sci. 12, 18-20. http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/j.20500416.2008.tb0030 0
Jing RL, Chang XP. 2003. Genetic Diversity in Wheat (T. aestivum L.) Germplasm Resources with Drought Resistance. Acta Bot. Boreal-Occident Sin., 23, 410-416. http://dx.dei.org/10298-012-0079-5/v10298-012-0079-5
Johari-Pireivatlou M. 2010. Effect of Soil Water Stress on Yield and Proline Content of Four Wheat Lines. Afr. J. Biotechnol. 9, 036-040. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10298-012-0734-x.
Jones MG. 2009. Using resources from the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana to understand effects of abiotic stress. Salinity Water Stress 44, 129-132. http://dx.doi.org/10.2135/cropsci1992.0011183X003 200030033x]
Katerji N, Mastrorilli M, Hoornc JW, Lahmerd FZ, Hamdyd A, Oweise T. 2009. Durum wheat and barley productivity in saline-drought environments. Eur. J. Agron. 311-9. http://dx.doi.org/10.1117/1.2870093.
Koocheki AR, Yazdansepas A, Nikkhah HR. 2006. Effects of terminal drought on grain yield and some morphological traits in wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) genotypes. Iranian Journal of Agriculture Sciences. 8, 14- 29. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0009-8981(71)90467-0
Malakoti M, Mehdi Tehrani M. 2000. The role of micronutrients in increasing the yield and quality of crops (macro effects of micro elements). Second edition. Publishing Office, University of Science, 299 p. http://dx.dei.org/2006.101.105
Maralian H, Ebadi A, Didar R, Haji-Eghrari B. 2010. Influence of water deficit stress on wheat grain yield and proline accumulation rate. Afr.J. Agric. Res., 5(2), 286-289. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0308-521X(01)00023-3
Martinez DE, Luquez VM, Bartoli CG, Guiamét JJ. 2003. Persistence of photosynthetic components and photochemical efficiency in ears of water-stressed wheat (Triticum aestivum). Physiology Plant. 119, 1-7. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0140-6736(99)00219-6
Najaphy A, Ashrafi Parchin R, Farshadfar E. 2012. Comparison of phenotypic and molecular characterizations of some important wheat cultivars and advanced breeding lines. Aust J Crop Sci 6(2), 326-332. http://dx.doi.org/104314/ijbcs.v3i6.53147
Narimani H, Rahimi MM, Ahmadikhah A, Vaezi B.(2010).Study on the effects of foliar spray of micronutrient on yield and yield components of durum wheat. Arch. Appl. Sci. Res., 6, 168-176. http://dx.dei.org/221960173
Naroui Rad R, Abdul Kadir M, Jaafar HZE, Gement DC. 2012. Physiological and biochemical relationship under drought stress in wheat (Triticum aestivum). African J. Biotech. 11, 1574-1578. http://dx.dei.org/1435028
Royo C, Miloudi MM, Fonze ND, Arraus JL., Pfeiffer WH, Slafer GA. 2005. Durum wheat breeding current approaches and future strategies. Vol 1. Editors: Food product press. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.eja.2005.08.001
Saeidi M, Moradi F, Ahmadi A, Spehri R, Najafian G, Shabani A. 2010. The effects of terminal water stress on physiological characteristics and sink-source relations in two bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) cultivars. Iranian Journal of Crop Sciences. 12, 392-408. http://dx.dei.org/17260258
Shahabifar G, Mostashari M. 2002. Critical point of iron and zinc for wheat production in Qazvin region. Seventh Congress of Agronomy Abstracts. Seed and plant improvement institute. Branch. Iran. 735 p. http://dx.dei.org/S0926669007001173
Tabatabai A, Qureshi M, Dehghani-Zadeh F. 2010. The effect of different amounts of nitrogen and potash fertilizers on yield and some yield components of triticale. Fifth National Conference on New Ideas in agriculture. http://dx.dei.org/S0718-95162012000300018&script
Talebi R, Fayaz F, Mohammadi Naji A. 2009. Effective selection criteria for assessing drought stress tolerance in durum wheat (Triticum durum Desf.). General and Appl Plant Physiol 35, 64-74
Triboi E, Martre P, Triboi-Blondel AM. 2003. Environmentally-induced changes in protein composition in developing grains of wheat are related to changes in total protein content. J. Exp. Bot. 54, 1731-1742. http://dx.dei.org/S0926669007001173
Yang J, Zhang J. 2006. Grain filling of cereals under soil drying. New Phytologist. 169, 223-236. http://dx.dei.org/S0718-95162012000300018&script
Zahedi H, Noormohammadi G, Shirani-Rad AH, Habibi D, Mashhadi-Akbar-Boojar M. 2009. The effects of Zeolite and foliar applications of selenium on growth, yield and yield components of three canola cultivars under drought stress. World Appl. Sci. J. 7, 255-262. http://dx.doi.org/10.1104/p